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3. Olympic Games (Athletics) - Events

Olympic Events in Athletics - 20 kilometres Walk

20 kilometres Walk

 

Race walking events at the Summer Olympics have been contested over a variety of distances at the multi-sport event. There are three race walking events in the current Olympic athletics programme: a men's and a women's 20 kilometres walk, and a men's 50 kilometres walk. The races are held in a final-only format.

The first men's events came at the 1908 London Olympics, which featured 3500 m and 10-mile distances. A 10-kilometre version was introduced at the 1912 Summer Olympics and it continued until 1952 (skipping three editions from 1928–1936). There was also a one-off 3000 m walk at the 1920 Antwerp Olympics. The men's 20 km walk became the standard short distance for men in 1956 and has continued since then. The longer men's event over 50 km was first held at the 1932 Summer Olympics and has been held continuously until the present day, except for a brief drop from the programme in 1976 – the IAAF held a World Championship for the event in protest and it was restored.

The first women's event was introduced at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, 84 years after the first men's race. Held over 10 km for the first two editions, the women's event was extended to match the men's 20 km distance from the 2000 Sydney Olympics onwards. Women has never commonly competed internationally over 50 km, thus it has never been proposed as an Olympic event – as of 2012 it remains the only event on the Olympic athletics programme in which men compete, but women do not have an equivalent. The 50 km is also the longest distance race for an Olympic athletics event.

The Olympic records in racewalking were all broken at the 2012 London Olympics. In the 20 km walk Chen Ding holds the men's record of 1:18:46 hours, while Elena Lashmanova holds the women's mark of 1:25:02 hours. The men's 50 km record is 3:35:59 hours, set by Sergey Kirdyapkin. Lashmanova's time was a world record – the first and so far only time a world record in racewalking has been set at an Olympic Games.[2] Robert Korzeniowski is the most successful Olympic racewalker, having won the 50 km three times as well as the 20 km walk. Two other athletes have won four Olympic walk medals: Ugo Frigerio won three gold medals and a bronze in early competitions, while Volodymyr Holubnychy won two 20 km walk titles as well as a silver and bronze.

 
Men's 20 km walk at 2004 Summer Olympics 2.JPEG
The 2004 Olympic men's 20 km walk final
Overview
Sport Athletics
Gender Men and women
Years held Men 20 km: 1956 – 2016
Men 50 km: 1932 – 2016
Women 20 km: 2000 – 2016
Olympic record
Men 20 km 1:18:46 Chen Ding (2012)
Women 20 km 1:25:02 Elena Lashmanova (2012)
Reigning champion
Men 20 km Wang Zhen (CHN)
Women 20 km Liu Hong (CHN)

The 1906 Intercalated Games, now not considered an official Olympic event, was the first venue for racewalking under the Olympic banner. Poor technique and judging significantly affected the 1500 m walk event, to the point where a rematch over 3000 m was added at short notice and judged by Constantine I of Greece.

History, Records and Statistics of Men's 20 kilometres Walk

History, Records and Statistics of Women's 20 kilometres Walk

Medal summary

Men's 20 km walk

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1956 Melbourne Leonid Spirin
 Soviet Union
Antanas Mikėnas
 Soviet Union
Bruno Junk
 Soviet Union
1960 Rome Volodymyr Holubnychy
 Soviet Union
Noel Freeman
 Australia
Stan Vickers
 Great Britain
1964 Tokyo Ken Matthews
 Great Britain
Dieter Lindner
 United Team of Germany
Volodymyr Holubnychy
 Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City Volodymyr Holubnychy
 Soviet Union
José Pedraza
 Mexico
Nikolay Smaga
 Soviet Union
1972 Munich Peter Frenkel
 East Germany
Volodymyr Holubnychy
 Soviet Union
Hans-Georg Reimann
 East Germany
1976 Montreal Daniel Bautista
 Mexico
Hans-Georg Reimann
 East Germany
Peter Frenkel
 East Germany
1980 Moscow Maurizio Damilano
 Italy
Pyotr Pochenchuk
 Soviet Union
Roland Wieser
 East Germany
1984 Los Angeles Ernesto Canto
 Mexico
Raúl González
 Mexico
Maurizio Damilano
 Italy
1988 Seoul Jozef Pribilinec
 Czechoslovakia
Ronald Weigel
 East Germany
Maurizio Damilano
 Italy
1992 Barcelona Daniel Plaza
 Spain
Guillaume LeBlanc
 Canada
Giovanni De Benedictis
 Italy
1996 Atlanta Jefferson Pérez
 Ecuador
Ilya Markov
 Russia
Bernardo Segura
 Mexico
2000 Sydney Robert Korzeniowski
 Poland
Noé Hernández
 Mexico
Vladimir Andreyev
 Russia
2004 Athens Ivano Brugnetti
 Italy
Paquillo Fernández
 Spain
Nathan Deakes
 Australia
2008 Beijing Valeriy Borchin
 Russia
Jefferson Pérez
 Ecuador
Jared Tallent
 Australia
2012 London Chen Ding
 China
Erick Barrondo
 Guatemala
Wang Zhen
 China
2016 Rio de Janeiro Wang Zhen
 China
Cai Zelin
 China
Dane Bird-Smith
 Australia

Multiple medalists

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Volodymyr Holubnychy  Soviet Union (URS) 1960–1972 2 1 1 4
2 Jefferson Pérez  Ecuador (ECU) 1996–2008 1 1 0 2
3 Maurizio Damilano  Italy (ITA) 1980–1988 1 0 2 3
4 Peter Frenkel  East Germany (GDR) 1972–1976 1 0 1 2
Wang Zhen  China (CHN) 2012–2016 1 0 1 2
6 Hans-Georg Reimann  East Germany (GDR) 1972–1976 0 1 1 2
  

Medals by country

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union (URS) 3 3 3 9
2  Mexico (MEX) 2 3 1 6
3  China (CHN) 2 1 1 4
4  Italy (ITA) 2 0 3 5
5  East Germany (GDR) 1 2 3 6
6  Russia (RUS) 1 1 1 3
7  Ecuador (ECU) 1 1 0 2
 Spain (ESP) 1 1 0 2
9  Great Britain (GBR) 1 0 1 2
10  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 0 0 1
 Poland (POL) 1 0 0 1
12  Australia (AUS) 0 1 3 4
13  Canada (CAN) 0 1 0 1
 United Team of Germany (EUA) 0 1 0 1
 Guatemala (GUA) 0 1 0 1

Women's 20 km walk

Games Gold Silver Bronze
2000 Sydney  Wang Liping (CHN)  Kjersti Plätzer (NOR)  María Vasco (ESP)
2004 Athens  Athanasia Tsoumeleka (GRE)  Olimpiada Ivanova (RUS)  Jane Saville (AUS)
2008 Beijing  Olga Kaniskina (RUS)  Kjersti Tysse Plätzer (NOR)  Elisa Rigaudo (ITA)
2012 London  Elena Lashmanova (RUS)  Qieyang Shenjie (CHN)  Liu Hong (CHN)
2016 Rio  Liu Hong (CHN)  María Guadalupe González (MEX)  Lü Xiuzhi (CHN)

Multiple medalists

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Kjersti Plätzer  Norway (NOR) 2000–2008 0 2 0 2

Medals by country

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  China (CHN) 2 1 2 5
2  Russia (RUS) 2 1 0 3
3  Greece (GRE) 1 0 0 1
4  Norway (NOR) 0 2 0 2
5  Mexico (MEX) 0 1 0 1
6  Australia (AUS) 0 0 1 1
 Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
 Spain (ESP) 0 0 1 1
   
   

 

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