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3. Olympic Games (Athletics) - Events

Olympic Events in Athletics - 3000 metres Steeplechase

3000 metres Steeplechase

 

The steeplechase at the Summer Olympics has been held over several distances and is the longest track event with obstacles held at the multi-sport event. The men's 3000 metres steeplechase has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1920. The women's event is the most recent addition to the programme, having been added at the 2008 Olympics. It is the most prestigious steeplechase track race at elite level.

The steeplechase made its first Olympic appearance at the 1900 Summer Olympics, which had men's races over two distances: one of 2500 metres and another of 4000 metres. The 1900 Games also held two further races over the 2500 m distance, with one for professionals only and one with a special handicap system – these are no longer considered official Olympic events. In 1904 an unusual 2590 m distance was used and this was extended to 3200 m at the 1908 edition.

The Olympic records for the event are 8:05.51 minutes for men, set by Julius Kariuki in 1988, and 8:58.81 minutes for women, set by Gulnara Galkina in 2008. Galkina's time remains the women's world record for the event. The IAAF officially recognises men's steeplechase world records after 1954, but unofficial world records were set in 1928, 1936 and 1952. Anders Gärderud's time of 8:08.2 minutes from 1972 remains the only ratified men's steeplechase world record at the Olympics.

Only two athletes have won multiple Olympic steeplechase titles Volmari Iso-Hollo (1932 and 1936) and Ezekiel Kemboi (2004 and 2012). No athlete has won more than two Olympic medals in the discipline and, in its short history, no woman has reached the Olympic podium twice. Competitors in the steeplechase are normally event-specialists, although former champions Iso-Hollo, Ville Ritola and Kipchoge Keino all won Olympic titles in other distance running events.

 
Womens 3000m Steeplechasers Take the Hurdle.jpg
The 2012 Olympic women's 3000 m steeplechase heats
Overview
Sport Athletics
Gender Men and women
Years held Men: 1920 – 2016
Women: 2008 – 2016
Olympic record
Men 8:03.28 Conseslus Kipruto (2016)
Women 8:58.81 Gulnara Galkina (2008)
Reigning champion
Men  Conseslus Kipruto (KEN)
Women  Ruth Jebet (BRN)

In spite of not reaching the podium until 1968, Kenya is the most successful nation in the steeplechase. It has won every men's title since 1968, with the exceptions of 1976 and 1980, which Kenya boycotted. It had medals sweeps in 1992 and 2004. Finland is the only other nation to have achieved that feat, having done so in 1928, and is the next most successful nation with four gold medals. Russia is the most successful nation in the women's event, as it won both the 2008 and 2012 races.

History, Records and Statistics of Men's 3000 metres Steeplechase

History, Records and Statistics of Women's 3000 metres Steeplechase

Medal summary

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1920 Antwerp Percy Hodge
 Great Britain
Patrick Flynn
 United States
Ernesto Ambrosini
 Italy
1924 Paris Ville Ritola
 Finland
Elias Katz
 Finland
Paul Bontemps
 France
1928 Amsterdam Toivo Loukola
 Finland
Paavo Nurmi
 Finland
Ove Andersen
 Finland
1932 Los Angeles Volmari Iso-Hollo
 Finland
Thomas Evenson
 Great Britain
Joe McCluskey
 United States
1936 Berlin Volmari Iso-Hollo
 Finland
Kalle Tuominen
 Finland
Alfred Dompert
 Germany
1948 London Tore Sjöstrand
 Sweden
Erik Elmsäter
 Sweden
Göte Hagström
 Sweden
1952 Helsinki Horace Ashenfelter
 United States
Vladimir Kazantsev
 Soviet Union
John Disley
 Great Britain
1956 Melbourne Chris Brasher
 Great Britain
Sándor Rozsnyói
 Hungary
Ernst Larsen
 Norway
1960 Rome Zdzisław Krzyszkowiak
 Poland
Nikolay Sokolov
 Soviet Union
Semyon Rzhishchin
 Soviet Union
1964 Tokyo Gaston Roelants
 Belgium
Maurice Herriott
 Great Britain
Ivan Belyayev
 Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City Amos Biwott
 Kenya
Benjamin Kogo
 Kenya
George Young
 United States
1972 Munich Kipchoge Keino
 Kenya
Ben Jipcho
 Kenya
Tapio Kantanen
 Finland
1976 Montreal Anders Gärderud
 Sweden
Bronisław Malinowski
 Poland
Frank Baumgartl
 East Germany
1980 Moscow Bronisław Malinowski
 Poland
Filbert Bayi
 Tanzania
Eshetu Tura
 Ethiopia
1984 Los Angeles Julius Korir
 Kenya
Joseph Mahmoud
 France
Brian Diemer
 United States
1988 Seoul Julius Kariuki
 Kenya
Peter Koech
 Kenya
Mark Rowland
 Great Britain
1992 Barcelona Matthew Birir
 Kenya
Patrick Sang
 Kenya
William Mutwol
 Kenya
1996 Atlanta Joseph Keter
 Kenya
Moses Kiptanui
 Kenya
Alessandro Lambruschini
 Italy
2000 Sydney Reuben Kosgei
 Kenya
Wilson Boit Kipketer
 Kenya
Ali Ezzine
 Morocco
2004 Athens Ezekiel Kemboi
 Kenya
Brimin Kipruto
 Kenya
Paul Kipsiele Koech
 Kenya
2008 Beijing Brimin Kipruto
 Kenya
Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad
 France
Richard Kipkemboi Mateelong
 Kenya
2012 London Ezekiel Kemboi
 Kenya
Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad
 France
Abel Mutai
 Kenya
2016 Rio de Janeiro Conseslus Kipruto
 Kenya
Evan Jager
 United States
Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad
 France

Multiple medalists

RankAthleteNationOlympicsGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Ezekiel Kemboi  Kenya (KEN) 2004–2012 2 0 0 2
2 Volmari Iso-Hollo  Finland (FIN) 1932–1936 2 0 0 2
3 Bronisław Malinowski  Poland (POL) 1976–1980 1 1 0 2
3 Brimin Kipruto  Kenya (KEN) 2004–2008 1 1 0 2
5 Mahiedine Mekhissi-Benabbad  France (FRA) 2008–2016 0 2 1 3
 

Medals by country

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Kenya (KEN) 11 7 4 22
2  Finland (FIN) 4 3 2 9
3  Great Britain (GBR) 2 2 2 6
4  Sweden (SWE) 2 1 1 4
5  Poland (POL) 2 1 0 3
6  United States (USA) 1 1 3 5
7  Belgium (BEL) 1 0 0 1
8  France (FRA) 0 3 1 4
9  Soviet Union (URS) 0 2 2 4
10=  Hungary (HUN) 0 1 0 1
10=  Tanzania (TAN) 0 1 0 1
12  Italy (ITA) 0 0 2 2
13=  East Germany (GDR) 0 0 1 1
13=  Ethiopia (ETH) 0 0 1 1
13=  Germany (GER) 0 0 1 1
13=  Morocco (MAR) 0 0 1 1
13=  Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
2008 Beijing[nb] Gulnara Samitova-Galkina
 Russia
Eunice Jepkorir
 Kenya
Tatyana Petrova Arkhipova
 Russia
2012 London[nb2] Habiba Ghribi
 Tunisia
Sofia Assefa
 Ethiopia
Milcah Chemos Cheywa
 Kenya
2016 Rio de Janeiro Ruth Jebet
 Bahrain
Hyvin Kiyeng Jepkemoi
 Kenya
Emma Coburn
 United States
  • nb Yekaterina Volkova of Russia was originally the 2008 women's steeplechase bronze medalist, but she was subsequently disqualified for doping and her teammate Arkhipova was allocated the medal.
  • nb2 Yuliya Zaripova of Russia was originally the 2016 women's steeplechase champion, but she was subsequently disqualified for doping. Ghribi, Sofia Assefa and Chemos were all elevated one place as a result.

Medalists by country

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Russia (RUS) 1 0 1 2
2=  Tunisia (TUN) 1 0 0 1
2=  Bahrain (BRN) 1 0 0 1
4  Kenya (KEN) 0 2 1 3
5  Ethiopia (ETH) 0 1 0 1
6  United States (USA) 0 0 1 1

 

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