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1896 Athens

1896 Olympic Games Athina, Greece - Men's 400 m

 

 

Host City: Athina, Greece Format: Top two in each heat advanced to the final.
Date Started: April 6, 1896  
Date Finished: April 7, 1896  
(Competitors: 7; Countries: 4; Finalists: 4)  
    Venue(s): Panathenaic Stadium, Athina
Overview by IAAF   1896_olympic_stadium.jpg 
Jamison (56.8) and Burke were the heat winners on the 333.33m track with bends so tight they necessitated sharp braking. Burke led from the gun, and was chased to 250m by Hofmann, who then faded, leaving the Boston University student to finish well clear of Jamison. Burke had won the 1895 AAU with 49.6, but was clearly hindered by the tight bends.
       
Summary by Sports-reference.com      
The two best one-lap runners in 1896 were Tom Burke of the United States and Edgar Bredin of Britain. Burke had beaten Bredin at the 1895 New York AC-London AC meet, but Bredin was the co-holder of the world record with 48.5 for 440 yards. In early 1896, however, as so aptly put by Montague Shearman, Bredin )voluntarily joined the professional ranks, a step which was received with great surprise, as he was a gentleman by birth and education).
The heats of the 400 metres were held on 6 April. The race was slightly over one lap in length, with no lanes to separate the runners. There were two heats with seven runners coming to the start. In heat one, Herbert Jamison (USA) won, defeating Fritz Hofmann and Kurt Doerry of Germany, trailed by France's Alphonse Grisel. There was a false start in this heat, and Hofmann and Grisel were penalized two yards for their indiscretion. The second heat was won by the favorite, Tom Burke, who defeated Britain's Charles Gmelin and Frantz Reichel of France.
The finals followed on the next day, 7 April. Burke won very easily, in 54.2, with Jamison trailing him by as much as 15 metres. Third-place is disputed in later sources, with some listing Gmelin and some Hofmann, but Gmelin definitely finished 3rd per 1896 sources.

 

        Results          





The men's 400 metres race was the second-shortest of the flat-track events on the Athletics at the 1896 Summer Olympics programme. The competition's preliminary round was the last held on the first day, 6 April. The competitors were split into two groups. The top two runners in each heat advanced to the final, which was held on the second day, 7 April.
400 m Men     Final 7 April        


Burke beat Jamison by eight yards, with Gmelin beating Hofmann by a foot for third.
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 54 1/5     Tom Burke United States USA 21 OR  
2 55 1/5     Herbert Jamison United States USA 20    
3 at 15-20 m.     Charles Gmelin Great Britain GBR 23    
4       Fritz Hofmann Germany GER 24    

Heats

The first round heats were held on 6 April. The top two placers in each of the two groups advanced.

Heat 1

Jamison won by 13½ yards. Hofmann and Grisel both had to run 401.83 metres after being penalized for false starts.

NOTE: The final positions of Grisel and Dörry are unclear.

Heat 2

Burke beat Jamison by eight yards, with Gmelin beating Hofmann by a foot for third.
400 m Men     Round One Heat One 6 April        
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 56 4/5   Q Herbert Jamison United States USA 20 OR  
2 58 3/5   Q Fritz Hofmann Germany GER 24    
AC       Alphonse Grisel France FRA      
AC       Kurt Doerry Germany GER 21    
400 m Men     Round One Heat Two 6 April        
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 58 2/5   Q Tom Burke United States USA 21    
2 at 15 yds.   Q Charles Gmelin Great Britain GBR 23    
3 at 12 yds.     Frantz Reichel France FRA 25    

 

 

 
 
 Medalists
 
Thomas Burke
Thomas Burke 1918.jpg
Thomas Burke in 1918
Personal information
Born January 15, 1875
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died February 14, 1929 (aged 54)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Alma mater Boston University School of Law
Height 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)
Weight 66 kg (146 lb)
Sport
Sport Athletics
Event(s) 100-800 m
Club Boston Athletic Association
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s) 100 m – 11.2 (1895)
200 m – 22.6 (1897)
400 m – 48.5 (1896)
800 m – 1:55.9 (1897)[1]
Herbert Jamison
Herbert Jamison 1896.jpg
Herbert Jamison at the 1896 Olympics
Personal information
Born September 17, 1875
Peoria, Illinois, United States
Died June 22, 1938 (aged 62)
Peoria, Illinois, United States
Alma mater Princeton University
Height 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)
Weight 69 kg (152 lb)
Sport
Sport Athletics
Event(s) 400 m
Club Princeton Tigers
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s) 400 m – 55.2 (1896)[1][2]
 
 
Fritz Hofmann
Fritz Hofmann.gif
Fritz Hofmann
Medal record
Competitor for Germany Germany
Olympic Games
Athletics
Silver medal – second place 1896 Athens 100 metres
Men's artistic gymnastics
Gold medal – first place 1896 Athens Team parallel bars
Gold medal – first place 1896 Athens Team horizontal bar
Bronze medal – third place 1896 Athens Rope climbing

 

 

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