1912 Olympic Games Stockholm, Sweden - Men's 4 x 100 m

 

 

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden Format: Winner in each heat advanced to the final.
Date Started: July 8, 1912 Format: Winner in each heat advanced to the semi-finals.
Date Finished: July 9, 1912  
(Competitors: 32; Countries: 8; Finalists: 12)  
    Venue(s): Stockholm Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Overview by IAAF    1912_olympic_stadium2.jpg
There were six first-round heats, but four of them contained only one team. Sweden ran 43.6 in a solo effort, 0.1 quicker than the USA, Germany ran 43.6 for an easy win over Austria, and Hungary clocked 43.7 just edging France (43.8). The heat winners ran in three semifinals: in the first the USA crossed the line in 42.2, well ahead of Britain (43.0), but were disqualified for passing the baton outside the changeover zone. Sweden then beat Hungary with a world’s best 42.5 (to 42.9 for Hungary), while Germany won the last heat in an official world record of 42.3, well ahead of Canada (43.5). In the final the first leg was even between Sweden and Britain, Möller doing particularly well to hold Applegarth who had led the 200m final at halfway, with Germany a metre behind. Luther ran an excellent leg for Sweden, gaining one-and-a-half metres on Macintosh, but Sweden’s changeover was so bad that Britain led by a metre after the exchange. Behind them Kern had started off too early and received the baton outside the zone, which caused Germany’s eventual disqualification. Britain led Sweden by half a metre at the last exchange, with Germany two further metres behind. Rau, probably the best European of his era over 100m, ran a superb leg, failing to catch d’Arcy by centimetres.
       
Summary by Sports-reference.com      
With five of the six finalists in the 100 metres, the United States was a heavy favorite. But after walking over in round one, the U.S. was disqualified in the first heat of the semis for a baton exchange outside the zone.
The finalists were Great Britain, Sweden, and Germany. In the semi-finals, each of the winners broke the previous world record of 43.5, which had been set by a German team on 19 May 1912. Germany recorded 42.3 in winning heat three and was favored in the final, in the United States’ absence. But Germany also fell prey to a faulty baton pass in the final, and was disqualified.
However, even without the penalty, Germany did not win the race. Great Britain held them off, with William Applegarth refusing to allow Richard Rau to pass him in the final straight. Both were timed in 42.4, as Britain won by a few centimetres. After the German disqualification, Sweden was awarded the silver medals.
 
 
        Results          

The record for the new event progressed quickly, with the Canadians winning the first heat. The Americans and then the Swedes then took the record, with the Germans tying the Swedes. The British took the record in the first semifinal, only to lose it quickly to the Swedes in the second. This time, the Germans running in the third semifinal bested the Swedish team's time to take the record for themselves after replacing Karl Halt with Otto Röhr as their lead-off runner.

The German team held the record at the finish, despite finishing in second (and then being disqualified for a baton-passing fault) in the final. Their disqualification left the event without a bronze medalist, making it the only athletics event to award only two medals.

The record of the German team with 42.3 became the first official world record for the 4x100 metres relay.

4 x 100 m Men     Final 9 July        
Rau, erasing a deficit held since the first runners in the order, finished barely behind Applegarth, but the German team had committed a fault with its second baton passing as Kern passed the 20 metre line before receiving the baton. The Germans were disqualified, leaving no bronze medalist in the event as the British team finished with the gold and the Swedes moved up to second place.
Victor d'Arcy, Willie Applegarth, Henry Macintosh, David Jacobs 1913.jpg
The winning British relay team.
Rank Mark     Team Country NOC   Records Notes
1 42.4     David Jacobs, Henry Macintosh, Victor d'Arcy, Willie Applegarth Great Britain GBR      
2 42.6     Ivan Möller, Charles Luther, Thure Person, Knut Lindberg Sweden SWE      
AC DQ     Otto Röhr, Max Herrmann, Erwin Kern, Richard Rau Germany GER     [42.4]
4 x 100 m Men     Semi-Finals Heat One 8 July        
The United States team was disqualified after a baton-passing fault on the first transfer.
Rank Mark     Team Country NOC   Records Notes
1 43.0   Q David Jacobs, Henry Macintosh, Willie Applegarth, Victor d'Arcy (GBR) Great Britain GBR   WR  
AC DQ     Ira Courtney, Frank Belote, Clement Wilson, Carl Cooke (USA) United States USA     [42.2]
4 x 100 m Men     Semi-Finals Heat Two 8 July        
Rank Mark     Team Country NOC   Records Notes
1 42.5   Q  Ivan Möller, Charles Luther, Ture Person, Knut Lindberg (SWE) Sweden SWE   WR  
2 42.9      Ferenc Szobota, Vilmos Rácz, Pál Szalay, István Jankovich (HUN) Hungary HUN      
4 x 100 m Men     Semi-Finals Heat Three 8 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Team Country NOC   Records Notes
1 42.3   Q Otto Röhr, Max Herrmann, Erwin Kern, Richard Rau (GER) Germany GER   WR  
2 43.5     Frank McConnell, Frank Lukeman, Harry Beasley, John Howard (CAN) Canada CAN      
4 x 100 m Men     Round One Heat One 8 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Team Country NOC   Records Notes
1 46.2   Q Frank McConnell, Frank Lukeman, Harry Beasley, John Howard (CAN) Canada CAN   OR  
4 x 100 m Men     Round One Heat Two 8 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Team Country NOC   Records Notes
1 43.7   Q Ira Courtney, Frank Belote, Clement Wilson, Carl Cooke (USA) United States USA   OR  
4 x 100 m Men     Round One Heat Three 8 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Team Country NOC   Records Notes
1 45.0   Q David Jacobs, Henry Macintosh, Willie Applegarth, Victor d'Arcy (GBR) Great Britain GBR     walkover
4 x 100 m Men     Round One Heat Four 8 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Team Country NOC   Records Notes
1 43.6   Q  Ivan Möller, Charles Luther, Ture Person, Knut Lindberg (SWE) Sweden SWE   OR  
4 x 100 m Men     Round One Heat Five 8 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Team Country NOC   Records Notes
1 43.6   Q Karl Halt, Max Herrmann, Erwin Kern, Richard Rau (GER) Germany GER   (=)OR  
2 44.8     Gustav Kröjer, Rudolf Rauch, Fritz Weinzinger, Fritz Fleischer (AUT) Austria AUT      
4 x 100 m Men     Round One Heat Six 8 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Team Country NOC   Records Notes
1 43.7   Q Ferenc Szobota, Vilmos Rácz, Pál Szalay, István Jankovich (HUN) Hungary HUN      
2 43.8     Pierre Failliot, Georges Rolot, Charles Lelong, René Mourlon (FRA) France FRA