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1924 Olympic Games Paris, France - Men's 100 m

 

 

Host City: Paris, France Format: Top three in each heat advanced to the final.
Date Started: July 6, 1924 Format: Top two in each heat advanced to the semi-finals.
Date Finished: July 7, 1924 Format: Top two in each heat advanced to the quarter-finals.
(Competitors: 87; Countries: 34; Finalists: 6)  
    Venue(s): Colombes Olympic Stadium, Colombes
Overview by IAAF    paris-1924-stade-olympique-de-colombes.jpg

Bowman, Scholz and Paddock were the favourites, but Abrahams caused a stir when running the only 10.6 in the second round. In the semis Abrahams again ran 10.6, this time after being left 1.5m behind the field at the start. In the final the field got away at the first attempt, and Abrahams edged ahead just before halfway and won by 60cm from Scholz. He became the first European to win the Olympic 100m. Porritt finished fastest of all, moving from fifth to third in the last 25m.

This race was depicted in the film Chariots of Fire *

       
Summary by Sports-reference.com      
The 1924 Olympics was the Olympics of Chariots of Fire, and that Academy Award winning movie focused on the sprints. Much of the movie was true but there were a few things for which the producers took some literary license. Notably, although Britain’s Harold Abrahams was one of the favorites for the 100 metres, in the movie the other protagonist, Scotland’s Eric Liddell, hears about the schedule for the 100 while taking the boat over to France. Liddell was devoutly religious and when he heard that the 100 final would be held on a Sunday, he withdrew from the 100 metres. But this was fabricated. Liddell knew about the Olympic schedule several months in advance and never intended to run the 100 in Paris. He focused instead on the 200 and 400, adjusting his training for the longer sprints.
Besides Liddell the other favored athlete in Paris in 1924 was the defending champion, Charlie Paddock, of the United States. In the 100 final, Abrahams faced four Americans, Paddock, Jackson Scholz, Loren Murchison, Chet Bowman, and New Zealander, Arthur Porritt. Abrahams won the race, as depicted in the movie, becoming the first European winner of the 100 metres. Scholz won the silver medal with Porritt in third, and Paddock a well-beaten fifth.
 

Records

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows:[2]

World record  Charles Paddock (USA) 10.4 s Redlands, United States 23 April 1921
Olympic record  Donald Lippincott (USA) 10.6 s Stockholm, Sweden 6 July 1912

No new records were set in 1924, though Harold Abrahams equalled the Olympic record three times.

 
 
        Results          
 
100 m Men     Final 7 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 10.6     Harold Abrahams Great Britain GBR 24 (=)OR  
2 10.7     Jackson Scholz United States USA 27    
3 10.8     Arthur Porritt New Zealand NZL 23    
4 10.9     Chet Bowman United States USA 22    
5 10.9     Charley Paddock United States USA 23    
6 11.0     Loren Murchison United States USA 25    
100 m Men     Semi-Finals Heat One 7 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 10.8   Q Jackson Scholz United States USA 27    
2 11.1   Q Arthur Porritt New Zealand NZL 23    
3 11.2   Q Loren Murchison United States USA 25    
4 11.3     William Nichol Great Britain GBR      
5 11.4     Maurice Degrelle France FRA 22    
6 11.5     Buck Hester Canada CAN 21    
100 m Men     Semi-Finals Heat Two 7 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 10.6   Q Harold Abrahams Great Britain GBR 24 (=)OR  
2 10.7   Q Charley Paddock United States USA 23    
3 10.7   Q Chet Bowman United States USA 22    
4 10.7     Edwin Carr, Sr. Australia AUS 24    
5 10.8     Cyril Coaffee Canada CAN 27    
6 11.2     Giovanni Frangipane Italy ITA 22    
100 m Men     Quarter-Finals Heat One 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 10.8   Q Loren Murchison United States USA 25    
2 11.0   Q Giovanni Frangipane Italy ITA 22    
3 11.1     Harry Broos Netherlands NED 25    
4 11.1     Paul Hammer Luxembourg LUX 23    
5 11.1     Reijo Halme Finland FIN 25    
6       Anthony Vince Canada CAN 21    
100 m Men     Quarter-Finals Heat Two 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 10.8   Q Chet Bowman United States USA 22    
2 10.9   Q Arthur Porritt New Zealand NZL 23    
3 11.0     Walter Rangeley Great Britain GBR 20    
4 11.0     René Mourlon France FRA 30    
5 11.0     Lajos Kurunczy Hungary HUN 27    
6       Enrico Torre Italy ITA 22    
100 m Men     Quarter-Finals Heat Three 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 10.8   Q Cyril Coaffee Canada CAN 27    
2 11.0   Q William Nichol Great Britain GBR      
3 11.1     André Mourlon France FRA 20    
4       Rinus van den Berge Netherlands NED 24    
5       Johans Oja Latvia LAT 20    
100 m Men     Quarter-Finals Heat Four 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 10.6   Q Harold Abrahams Great Britain GBR 24 (=)OR  
2 10.7   Q Buck Hester Canada CAN 21    
3       Ferenc Gerő Hungary HUN 23    
4       Albert Heisé France FRA 24    
5       Ernesto Bonacina Italy ITA 21    
6       Félix Mendizábal Spain ESP 33    
100 m Men     Quarter-Finals Heat Five 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 10.8   Q Charley Paddock United States USA 23    
2 10.9   Q Maurice Degrelle France FRA 22    
3       Johannes van Kampen Netherlands NED 24    
4       George Dunston South Africa RSA 23    
5       Gusztáv Rózsahegyi Hungary HUN 23    
100 m Men     Quarter-Finals Heat Six 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 10.8   Q Jackson Scholz United States USA 27    
2 10.9   Q Edwin Carr, Sr. Australia AUS 24    
3       Lance Royle Great Britain GBR 25    
4       Paul Brochart Belgium BEL 25    
5       Oto Seviško Latvia LAT      
100 m Men     Round One Heat One 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 10.8   Q Loren Murchison United States USA 25    
2 at 1½ m   Q Arthur Porritt New Zealand NZL 23    
3       Camilo Rivas Argentina ARG      
4       Mariano Aguilar Mexico MEX      
5       Alberto Jurado Ecuador ECU      
100 m Men     Round One Heat Two 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.0   Q Cyril Coaffee Canada CAN 27    
2 11.2   Q Ernesto Bonacina Italy ITA 21    
3       Mogens Truelsen Denmark DEN 22    
4       Gentil dos Santos Portugal POR 25    
5 11.6     Alois Linka Czechoslovakia TCH 25    
100 m Men     Round One Heat Three 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.2   Q Charley Paddock United States USA 23    
2 at 5 m   Q Oto Seviško Latvia LAT      
3       Ferdinand Kaindl Austria AUT      
100 m Men     Round One Heat Four 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.0   Q Maurice Degrelle France FRA 22    
2 at ½ metre   Q Reijo Halme Finland FIN 25    
3       Frits Lamp Netherlands NED 18    
4       Fritz Schedl Austria AUT      
5       Władysław Dobrowolski Poland POL 28    
6       Rauf Hasağası Turkey TUR      
100 m Men     Round One Heat Five 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.4   Q Lajos Kurunczy Hungary HUN 27    
2     Q Johans Oja Latvia LAT 20    
3       Henri Cockuyt Belgium BEL 20    
4       Will Hildreth India IND      
5       Toby Betts South Africa RSA 19    
100 m Men     Round One Heat Six 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.0   Q Harry Broos Netherlands NED 25    
2     Q George Dunston South Africa RSA 23    
3       Antonín Svoboda Czechoslovakia TCH 24    
4       Poul Schiang Denmark DEN 19    
5 11.6     José-María Larrabeiti Spain ESP 23    
6       David Nepomuceno Philippines PHI 23    
100 m Men     Round One Heat Seven 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.0   Q Lance Royle Great Britain GBR 25    
2 11.1   Q Giovanni Frangipane Italy ITA 22    
3 11.2     André Théard Haiti HAI 18    
4       Juan Junqueras Spain ESP      
5       Zygmunt Weiss Poland POL 21    
100 m Men     Round One Heat Eight 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.0   Q Walter Rangeley Great Britain GBR 20    
2 11.1   Q Rinus van den Berge Netherlands NED 24    
3       Diego Ordóñez Spain ESP 20    
4       Victor Moriaud Switzerland SUI 23    
5       Karel Pott Portugal POR 19    
6       Miguel Ángel Enrico Argentina ARG      
100 m Men     Round One Heat Nine 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.2   Q Albert Heisé France FRA 24    
2 11.3   Q Gusztáv Rózsahegyi Hungary HUN 23    
3 11.3     Lauri Härö Finland FIN 24    
4 11.4     Curt Wiberg Sweden SWE 25    
5       Alexandros Papafingos Greece GRE      
100 m Men     Round One Heat Ten 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.0   Q William Nichol Great Britain GBR      
2 at 1 metre   Q Paul Brochart Belgium BEL 25    
3       Larry Armstrong Canada CAN 32    
4       Konstantinos Pantelidis Greece GRE      
5       Gvido Jekals Latvia LAT 19    
100 m Men     Round One Heat Eleven 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.0   Q Chet Bowman United States USA 22    
2 11.2   Q Walter Strebi Switzerland SUI 20    
3 11.3     James Hall India IND 21    
4 11.3     Thor Österdahl Sweden SWE 24    
5       Félix Escobar Argentina ARG      
6       Herminio Ahumada Mexico MEX 24    
100 m Men     Round One Heat Twelve 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.2   Q Buck Hester Canada CAN 21    
2 close   Q Johannes van Kampen Netherlands NED 24    
3       Karl Borner Switzerland SUI 25    
4       William Lowe Ireland IRL      
5       László Muskát Hungary HUN 21    
AC DQ     Eugène Moetbeek Belgium BEL      
100 m Men     Round One Heat Thirteen 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 10.8   Q Jackson Scholz United States USA 27    
2 at 5 m   Q Paul Hammer Luxembourg LUX 23    
3       Terence Pitt India IND 20    
4 11.3     Knut Russell Sweden SWE 21    
5 11.5     Reinhold Kesküll Estonia EST 23    
100 m Men     Round One Heat Fourteen 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.0   Q Harold Abrahams Great Britain GBR 24    
2 at ½ metre   Q Edwin Carr, Sr. Australia AUS 24    
3       Sasago Tani Japan JPN 29    
4       Anton Husgafvel Finland FIN 23    
5       Álvaro Ribeiro Brazil BRA 22    
6       Şekip Engineri Turkey TUR      
100 m Men     Round One Heat Fifteen 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.0   Q André Mourlon France FRA 20    
2 11.2   Q Enrico Torre Italy ITA 22    
3       Joseph Hilger Luxembourg LUX      
100 m Men     Round One Heat Sixteen 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.4   Q Félix Mendizábal Spain ESP 33    
2 11.4   Q Anthony Vince Canada CAN 21    
3 11.5     Vittorio Zucca Italy ITA 28    
4 11.6     Stanisław Sośnicki Poland POL 27    
5       Artūrs Gedvillo Latvia LAT 19    
100 m Men     Round One Heat Seventeen 6 July        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 11.0   Q Ferenc Gerő Hungary HUN 23    
2 11.0   Q René Mourlon France FRA 30    
3 11.1     Väinö Eskola Finland FIN 29    
4       Aleksander Szenajch Poland POL 19    
 *

Chariots of Fire is a 1981 British historical drama film. It tells the fact-based story of two athletes in the 1924 Olympics: Eric Liddell, a devout Scottish Christian who runs for the glory of God, and Harold Abrahams, an English Jew who runs to overcome prejudice.

The film was conceived and produced by David Puttnam, written by Colin Welland, and directed by Hugh Hudson. It was nominated for seven Academy Awards and won four, including Best Picture and Best Screenplay. It is ranked 19th in the British Film Institute's list of Top 100 British films. The film is also notable for its memorable instrumental theme tune by Vangelis, who won the Academy Award for Best Original Score.

The film's title was inspired by the line, "Bring me my chariot of fire," from the William Blake poem adapted into the popular British hymn "Jerusalem"; the hymn is heard at the end of the film. The original phrase "chariot(s) of fire" is from 2 Kings 2:11 and 6:17 in the Bible.

 

Plot

In 1919, Harold Abrahams (Ben Cross) enters the University of Cambridge, where he experiences anti-Semitism from the staff, but enjoys participating in the Gilbert and Sullivan club. He becomes the first person to ever complete the Trinity Great Court Run – running around the college courtyard in the time it takes for the clock to strike 12. Abrahams achieves an undefeated string of victories in various national running competitions. Although focused on his running, he falls in love with a leading Gilbert and Sullivan soprano, Sybil (Alice Krige).

Eric Liddell (Ian Charleson), born in China of Scottish missionary parents, is in Scotland. His devout sister Jennie (Cheryl Campbell) disapproves of Liddell's plans to pursue competitive running. But Liddell sees running as a way of glorifying God before returning to China to work as a missionary.

When they first race against each other, Liddell beats Abrahams. Abrahams takes it poorly, but Sam Mussabini (Ian Holm), a professional trainer whom he had approached earlier, offers to take him on to improve his technique. This attracts criticism from the Cambridge college masters (John Gielgud and Lindsay Anderson), who allege it is not gentlemanly for an amateur to "play the tradesman" by employing a professional coach. Abrahams dismisses this concern, interpreting it as cover for anti-Semitic and class-based prejudice.

When Eric Liddell accidentally misses a church prayer meeting because of his running, his sister Jennie upbraids him and accuses him of no longer caring about God. Eric tells her that though he intends to eventually return to the China mission, he feels divinely inspired when running, and that not to run would be to dishonour God, saying, "I believe that God made me for a purpose. But He also made me fast, and when I run, I feel His pleasure."

The two athletes, after years of training and racing, are accepted to represent Great Britain in the 1924 Olympics in Paris. Also accepted are Abrahams' Cambridge friends, Lord Andrew Lindsay (Nigel Havers), Aubrey Montague (Nicholas Farrell), and Henry Stallard (Daniel Gerroll). While boarding the boat to Paris for the Olympics, Liddell learns the news that the heat for his 100-metre race will be on a Sunday. He refuses to run the race – despite strong pressure from the Prince of Wales and the British Olympic committee – because his Christian convictions prevent him from running on the Sabbath.

Hope appears when Liddell's teammate Lindsay, having already won a silver medal in the 400 metres hurdles, proposes to yield his place in the 400-metre race on the following Thursday to Liddell, who gratefully agrees. His religious convictions in the face of national athletic pride make headlines around the world.

Liddell delivers a sermon at the Paris Church of Scotland that Sunday, and quotes from Isaiah 40, ending with:

But they that wait upon the Lord shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint.

Abrahams is badly beaten by the heavily favoured United States runners in the 200 metre race. He knows his last chance for a medal will be the 100 metres. He competes in the race, and wins. His coach Sam Mussabini is overcome that the years of dedication and training have paid off with an Olympic gold medal. Now Abrahams can get on with his life and reunite with his girlfriend Sybil, whom he had neglected for the sake of running. Before Liddell's race, the American coach remarks dismissively to his runners that Liddell has little chance of doing well in his now far longer 400 metre race. But one of the American runners, Jackson Scholz, hands Liddell a note of support for his convictions. Liddell defeats the American favourites and wins the gold medal.

The British team returns home triumphant. As the film ends, onscreen text explains that Abrahams married Sybil, and became the elder statesman of British athletics. Liddell went on to missionary work in China. All of Scotland mourned his death in 1945 in Japanese-occupied China.

 

 

 

 

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