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1968 Olympic Games Ciudad de México, Mexico - Men's High Jump

 

 

Host City: Ciudad de México, Mexico Format: Top 12 and ties and all those clearing 2.14 metres advanced to the final.
Date Started: October 19, 1968  
Date Finished: October 20, 1968  
(Competitors: 39; Countries: 25; Finalists: 13)  
    Venue(s): University Olympic Stadium, Ciudad de México
Overview by IAAF    1968_olympic_stadium.jpg
Rather like George Horine with the western roll, Dick Fosbury developed his high jumping style out of necessity, because the shape of his garden inhibited the straddle. By 1967, he had jumped 2.10, but his back-first take-off was still considered a curiosity. After he won the 1968 NCAA Championships, then cleared 2.21 to make the US team behind Carruthers and the 17 year-old Brown, he became a medal threat, bracketed with his US teammates and Russians Gavrilov and Skvortsov. Thirteen men cleared 2.12 to make the final, with six actually reaching the qualifying level of 2.14. In the final, seven made that height, with Peckham and Chad’s Ahmed Senoussi unable to repeat their earlier 2.14s. Only Gavrilov and Skvortsov made 2.16, but the three Americans passed that height. Brown just missed 2.18, while the other two Americans cleared. Skvortsov also failed. Gavrilov passed 2.18 then cleared 2.20 first time to join Fosbury in the lead. Carruthers also cleared easily. At 2.22, Fosbury again cleared first time, and took sole lead when Gavrilov had his first failure of the competition. He then lost second place to Carruthers who cleared the second time. Fosbury, whose style had amazed the crowd, did so again when clearing 2.24 on his final attempt. He then had three average cracks at a world record of 2.29.
       
Summary by Sports-reference.com      
Dick Fosbury was an average high jumper using the standard straddle when he began experimenting with a technique in which he turned his back to the bar and cleared the bar by arching his back as he went over head-first. It would be termed the Fosbury Flop. There is some controversy as to who actually developed this first, as Canadian jumper Debbie Brill also experimented with style in late 1966, but the technique is always named for Fosbury. Fosbury was not the favorite in 1968. Only a 2.10 jumper in 1967, he had won the 1968 NCAA Championships, but finished third at the US Trials, behind Ed Caruthers and Reynaldo Brown. But at 2.20 (7-2½), only Fosbury, Caruthers and Soviet jumper Valentin Gavrilov were clear, all on first attempts. At 2.22 (7-3¼), Fosbury made it on his first jump, while Caruthers had a miss. Fosbury also clear 2.24 (7-4¼) (3rd attempt) to cement the gold medal, as Caruther could not make the height. Gavrilov would win the 1969 European Championships.
 

Records

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows.

World record  Valeriy Brumel (URS) 2.28 m Moscow, Soviet Union 21 July 1963
Olympic record  Valeriy Brumel (URS) 2.18 m Tokyo, Japan 21 October 1964
 
        Results          

The men's high jump was one of four men's jumping events on the Athletics at the 1968 Summer Olympics program in Mexico City. Dick Fosbury won by using a backward jumping style that was called the Fosbury Flop. This was the unveiling of the new style on the world stage. The style completely revolutionized the sport. By the mid 1970s and ever since, virtually all of the top competitors were using the new style.

At 2.18 high school phenom Reynaldo Brown and Valery Skvortsov topped out leaving the three medalists Valentin Gavrilov. Ed Caruthers and Fosbury. The medalists were all clean at 2.20. Fosbury took the lead by remaining clean at 2.22, Caruthers needing a second attempt. Garilov couldn't make it. Fosbury confirmed his win by making 2.24 on his last attempt, while Caruthers brushed his last attempt off.

High Jump Men     Final 20 October        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 2.24     Dick Fosbury United States USA 21 OR  
2 2.22     Ed Caruthers United States USA 23 OR  
3 2.20     Valentin Gavrilov Soviet Union URS 22 OR  
4 2.16     Valeriy Skvortsov Soviet Union URS 23    
5 2.14     Reynaldo Brown United States USA 17    
6 2.14     Giacomo Crosa Italy ITA 21    
7 2.14     Gunther Spielvogel West Germany FRG 24    
8 2.12     Lawrie Peckham Australia AUS 23    
9T 2.09     Robert Sainte-Rose France FRA 25    
9T 2.09     Ingomar Sieghart West Germany FRG 25    
11 2.09     Luis María Garriga Spain ESP 23    
12 2.09     Ahmed Senoussi Chad CHA 22    
13 2.06     Miodrag Todosijević Yugoslavia YUG 27    
High Jump Men     Qualifying Round Group A 19 October        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 2.14     Dick Fosbury United States USA 21    
2 2.14     Ed Caruthers United States USA 23    
3 2.14     Valeriy Skvortsov Soviet Union URS 23    
4 2.14     Lawrie Peckham Australia AUS 23    
5 2.12     Miodrag Todosijević Yugoslavia YUG 27    
6 2.12     Reynaldo Brown United States USA 17    
7 2.12     Valentin Gavrilov Soviet Union URS 22    
8 2.12     Robert Sainte-Rose France FRA 25    
9 2.12     Gunther Spielvogel West Germany FRG 24    
10 2.09     Thomas Zacharias West Germany FRG 20    
11 2.09     Viktor Bolshov Soviet Union URS 29    
12T 2.09     Henry Elliott France FRA 22    
12T 2.09     Jaroslav Alexa Czechoslovakia TCH 19    
14T 2.06     Tony Sneazwell Australia AUS 26    
14T 2.06     Kenneth Lundmark Sweden SWE 22    
14T 2.06     Rudolf Hübner Czechoslovakia TCH 24    
17 2.06     Peter Boyce Australia AUS 22    
18 2.00     Polde Milek Yugoslavia YUG 19    
High Jump Men     Qualifying Round Group B 19 October        
                   
Rank Mark     Athlete Country NOC Age Records Notes
1 2.14     Ahmed Senoussi Chad CHA 22    
2 2.14     Giacomo Crosa Italy ITA 21    
3 2.12     Ingomar Sieghart West Germany FRG 25    
4 2.12     Luis María Garriga Spain ESP 23    
5 2.09     Kuniyoshi Sugioka Japan JPN 26    
6 2.09     Bhim Singh India IND 23    
7 2.09     Ioannis Kousoulas Greece GRE 18    
8 2.06     Mahamat Idriss Chad CHA 26    
9 2.06     Teodoro Palacios Guatemala GUA 29    
10 2.06     Jón Ólafsson Iceland ISL 27    
11 2.06     Michel Portmann Switzerland SUI 27    
12 2.03     Fernando Abugattas Peru PER 20    
13 2.03     Fernand Tovondray Madagascar MAD 24    
14 2.03     Thomas Wieser Switzerland SUI 18    
15 2.03     Csaba Dosa Romania ROU 17    
16 2.00     Wilf Wedmann Canada CAN 20    
17 2.00     Roberto Abugattas Peru PER 25    
18 1.95     Anthony Balfour Bahamas BAH 18    
19 1.95     Hong Son-Long Chinese Taipei TPE 27    
20 1.95     Nurullah Candan Turkey TUR 19    
21 1.90     Marconi Turay Sierra Leone SLE 19    

 Detailed View

 

Final

Held on October 20, 1968

Each jumper again had three attempts at each height, with the bar starting at 2.00 metres. Three jumpers were unable to perform as well as they had in the qualification.

Place Athlete Nation Best mark   2.00 2.03 2.06 2.09 2.12 2.14 2.16 2.18 2.20 2.22 2.24 2.29
1 Dick Fosbury United States 2.24 metres OR   - O - O - O - O O O XXO XXX
2 Ed Caruthers United States 2.22 metres - - - O - XXO - XXO O XO XXX  
3 Valentin Gavrilov Soviet Union 2.20 metres O O O O O O O - O XXX    
4 Valery Skvortsov Soviet Union 2.16 metres - O XO O XXO O XXO XXX        
5 Reynaldo Brown United States 2.14 metres - O - O - O - XXX        
6 Giacomo Crosa Italy 2.14 metres O - XO O O O XXX          
7 Gunther Spielvogel West Germany 2.14 metres - - O O XXO XO XXX          
8 Lawrie Peckham Australia 2.12 metres - O O O XO XXX            
9 Robert Sainte-Rose France 2.09 metres O - O O XXX              
  Ingomar Sieghart West Germany 2.09 metres - O O O XXX              
11 Luis María Garriga Spain 2.09 metres O O O XXO XXX              
12 Ahmed Senoussi Chad 2.09 metres - - XO XXO XXX              
13 Miodrag Todosijević Yugoslavia 2.06 metres O - O XXX  
 Qualification - Saturday 19.10
  mark 2.14m 6 + 7 Athletes
Group A Team Height I F 195 200 203 206 209 212 214
1. Richard Fosbury USA 2.14m 3 0       O   O O
2. Edward Caruthers USA 2.14m 4 0     O O   O O
3. Valery Skvortsov URS 2.14m 6 1   O   O O XO O
4. Lawrence A Peckham AUS 2.14m 7 1 O O   O O O XO
5. Miodrag Todosijevic YUG 2.12m 7 3   O   O O O XXX
6. Reynaldo Brown USA 2.12m 6 4       XO   O XXX
7. Robert Sainte-Rose FRA 2.12m 8 4   O   O O XO XXX
8. Valentin Gavrilov URS 2.12m 9 4   O XO O O O XXX
8. Günther Spielvogel FRG 2.12m 9 4   O O O O XO XXX
10.Thomas Zacharias FRG 2.09m 5 3       O O XXX
11.Victor Blshov URS 2.09m 8 5   O   XO XO XXX
11.Jaroslav Alexa TCH 2.09m 8 5   O   O XXO XXX
11.Junior Elliott FRA 2.09m 8 5   O   O XXO XXX
14.Anthony Sneazwell AUS 2.06m 6 3 O O   O XXX
14.Rudolf Hubner TCH 2.06m 6 3   O O O XXX
14.Kenneth Lundmark SWE 2.06m 6 3   O O O XXX
17.Peter Boyce AUS 2.06m 8 5 O XO   XO XXX
18.Polde Milek YUG 2.00m 4 3   O   XXX
-. Bo-Sven Jonsson SWE DNS
-. Jan-Erik Dahlgren SWE DNS
Group B Team Height I F 180 185 190 195 200 203 206 209 212 214
1. Ahmed Sennussi CHA 2.14m 5 1             O O O XO
2. Giacomo Crosa ITA 2.14m 6 1         O   O O O XO
3. Ingomar Sieghart FRG 2.12m 8 3         O O O O O XXX
4. Luis Garriga ESP 2.12m 10 5       XO   O XO O O XXX
5. Kuniyoshi Sugioka JPN 2.09m 7 3       O O   O O XXX
6. Bhim Singh IND 2.09m 10 5       O O XO O XO XXX
7. Ioannis Koussoulas GRE 2.09m 10 6         O XO O XXO XXX
8. Mohamet Idriss CHA 2.06m 4 3             O   XXX
9. Teodoro Palacios GUA 2.06m 6 3       O   O O XXX
10.Michel Portmann SWI 2.06m 7 5         O   XXO XXX
11.Jon Olafsson ISL 2.06m 11 7       O XO XXO XO XXX
12.Fernando Abugattas PER 2.03m 6 4         XO O XXX
13.Thomas Wiesfr SWI 2.03m 7 4       O O XO XXX
14.Fernand Tovondray MAD 2.03m 8 5       O XXO O XXX
15.Csaba Dosza ROM 2.03m 12 7   O O O XXO XXO XXX
16.Wilfriedt Wedmann CAN 2.00m 4 3         O   XXX
17.Roberto Abugattas PER 2.00m 5 4         XO   XXX
18.Nurullab Candan TUR 1.95m 7 1 XXO O XXO O XXX
19.Anthony Balfour BAH 1.95m 6 3   O O O XXX
20.Son-Long Hong TWN 1.95m 9 5 O O XXO O XXX
21.Marconi Turay SLA 1.90m 8 5 O O XXO XXX
-. Ababacar Ly SEN DNS
-. Freddy Herbrandt BEL DNS
-. Samuel Igun NGR DNS
 
 

 

 

 

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