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1980 Olympic Games Moscow - Men's Javelin Throw

 

 

Host City: Moskva, Soviet Union Format: Top 12 and ties and all those reaching 80.00 metres advanced to the final.
Date Started: July 26, 1980
Date Finished: July 27, 1980
(Competitors: 18; Countries: 11; Finalists: 12)
Venue(s): Grand Arena, Central Lenin Stadium Area, Moskva
Overview by IAAF  1980_olympic_stadium.jpg
Ferenc Paragi, a powerhouse of a thrower at 1.79/104kg, had thrown twice over 96m in 1980 and was a clear favourite. The Hungarian duly led the qualifying round with 88.76, albeit on his final available throw. Less fortunate were the GDR star Detlef Michel (78.34), who placed 13th just missing the final, and 85m throwers Dave Ottley (GBR) and Dariusz Adamus (POL), who were a long way down on their best. Almost as big a shock was Justin Arop (UGA) who threw 82.68 to advance. Wolfgang Hanisch opened the final with 86.72, one of four men to reach 85m or further in round 1. Only the tall, left-handed Finn Sinersaari got close to that level in the next round, and the order remained unchanged for the top six until the last throw of the third round. Kūla, a big (190/98Kg) Latvian had thrown over 88m on one of his two fouls, but obviously needed a valid throw in the third to stay in the competition. The spear flew low and far and was measured at 88.88. Paragi was less lucky than Kūla. A victim of nerves, he finished with a best of 79.52 for 10th. Kūla then threw 91.20, and was followed by Makarov, who reached 88.04 and then 89.64 to win silver from Hanisch.
Summary by Sports-reference.com
The favorite was Hungary's Ferenc Paragi but he did not perform well, finishing 10th. East German Detlef Michel was also highly considered but did not even make the final. There were few other big names left in the final. The best Soviet thrower was the Latvian Dainis Kūla but in the final he opened with two fouls. On his third throw he got off a big toss, but it quite obviously landed flat and was a foul. However, the official waved the white flag, indicating a fair throw, and they measured it – at 88.88 (291-7¼) he was now in the lead. Writing in Track & Field News Jim Dunaway noted, )'Incompetent officiating' is the kind of explanation one can make. 'Cheating' is the word many people used. Judge for yourself.) In the next round Kūla hit 91.20 (299-2½) which would win him the gold medal. His teammate, Aleksandr Makarov improved in the final round to 89.64 (294-1¼), which earned him silver. Dunaway concluded, )The competition should be voided by the IAAF and either held again at some future date, or removed from the Olympic records.)
 

Records

Standing records prior to the 1980 Summer Olympics
World Record  Ferenc Paragi (HUN) 96.72 m April 23, 1980 Hungary Tata, Hungary
Olympic Record  Miklós Németh (HUN) 94.58 m July 25, 1976 Canada Montreal, Canada
 
Results

Final

The favorites in the final were Paragi, the three Soviets and East Germany's Wolfgang Hanisch, a three-time medalist at European Championships. Hanisch was an early leader after throwing 86.72 m in the first round, closely followed by two Soviets, Heino Puuste and Makarov, and Finland's Antero Puranen. Paragi had problems with his technique and failed to get a good throw, and the third Soviet thrower, Dainis Kūla, had no valid mark after two rounds.

In the third round Paragi got his best throw, 79.52 m, but it wasn't enough to move him to the top eight that would qualify for rounds four to six. Kūla, on the other hand, stayed in the competition as his third throw was measured as 88.88 m and he took the lead.

In round four Kūla improved further to 91.20 m, the eventual winning distance. Makarov got his best throws in rounds five and six and took silver ahead of Hanisch.

Controversy

Kūla's third throw

Dainis Kūla's third throw immediately became controversial as it landed almost completely flat (rather than point first), and a flat throw should have been ruled illegal; had that ruling been made, Kūla would have been out of the last three rounds. It was also claimed the throw's distance had been exaggerated, with the actual distance being around 87 m.

Flat or ambiguously flat throws were not uncommon with the old javelin designs then used, nor were "generous" judgments by officials. Kūla's case, however, gained much notoriety as it not only secured him Olympic gold, but fit into a wider pattern of Soviet officials favoring their own athletes at the 1980 Olympics.

Opening the gates

Another controversy surrounded Soviet officials opening the stadium's gates when Soviet athletes were throwing, letting more wind in to aid the throws. In Finland (which had three athletes in the final), the gate issue spurred much discussion and lived on in public memory for a long time; Kūla was greeted with shouts of "open the gates!" when he competed in the 1983 World Championships in the Finnish capital, Helsinki, and when the 2013 World Championships were held in Moscow the gate controversy again became a talking point.

Outcome

In the media of javelin-crazy Finland, the usually friendly attitude towards the Soviet Union was seriously dented by the javelin final as mainstream newspapers criticized the officials. Jim Dunaway, writing for the American magazine Track & Field News, was even more negative in opining that "the competition should be voided by the IAAF and either held again at some future date, or removed from the Olympic records." However, no official complaints or protests were filed, and the original results were allowed to stand.

Javelin Throw Men Final 27 July
Rank Mark Athlete Country NOC Birth Date Records
1 91.20 Dainis Kula Soviet Union URS 28 Apr 59
2 89.64 Aleksandr Makarov Soviet Union URS 11 Feb 51
3 86.72 Wolfgang Hanisch East Germany GDR 6 Mar 51
4 86.10 Heino Puuste Soviet Union URS 7 Sep 55
5 85.12 Antero Puranen Finland FIN 8 Nov 52
6 84.34 Pentti Sinersaari Finland FIN 5 Oct 56
7 83.50 Detlef Fuhrmann Germany GER 22 Jul 53
8 82.40 Miklós Németh Hungary HUN 23 Oct 46
9 80.58 Aimo Aho Finland FIN 31 May 51
10 79.52 Ferenc Paragi Hungary HUN 21 Aug 53
11 79.04 Stefan Stoykov Bulgaria BUL 18 Mar 51
12 77.34 Justin Arop Uganda UGA 24 Mar 58
Javelin Throw Men Qualification 26 July

Qualification

The qualification was held in rainy conditions, and several favorites had difficulties getting through. All three Soviet throwers and Hungary's defending champion Miklós Németh reached the automatic qualifying mark (80.00 m) in the first round, but the other Hungarian, Ferenc Paragi, who had broken the world record earlier in 1980, only got a good throw in the third and final qualification round, and East Germany's Detlef Michel, who was one of the favorites and would win the World Championship in 1983, failed to qualify.

Only ten athletes reached the automatic qualification mark, so Detlef Fuhrmann and Stefan Stoykov qualified despite not reaching the mark.[
Rank Mark Athlete Country NOC Birth Date Records
1 88.76 Ferenc Paragi Hungary HUN 21 Aug 53
2 85.82 Wolfgang Hanisch East Germany GDR 6 Mar 51
3 85.76 Dainis Kula Soviet Union URS 28 Apr 59
4 84.84 Miklós Németh Hungary HUN 23 Oct 46
5 84.02 Antero Puranen Finland FIN 8 Nov 52
6 83.32 Aleksandr Makarov Soviet Union URS 11 Feb 51
7 82.96 Heino Puuste Soviet Union URS 7 Sep 55
8 82.68 Justin Arop Uganda UGA 24 Mar 58
9 82.12 Aimo Aho Finland FIN 31 May 51
10 80.30 Pentti Sinersaari Finland FIN 5 Oct 56
11 78.80 Detlef Fuhrmann Germany GER 22 Jul 53
12 78.74 Stefan Stoykov Bulgaria BUL 18 Mar 51
13 78.34 Detlef Michel East Germany GDR 13 Oct 55
14 77.20 Dave Ottley Great Britain GBR 5 Aug 55
15 76.82 Dariusz Adamus Poland POL 13 Jan 57
16 71.58 Zakayo Malekwa Tanzania TAN 2 Feb 51
17 63.56 Inoussa Dangou Benin BEN
18 51.04 Milkessa Chalchisa Ethiopia ETH 2 Jun 49
 
Detailed View
 

Qualification

Final

RankAthleteAttemptsDistance
123
1  Ferenc Paragi (HUN) X 72.60 88.76 88.76 m
2  Wolfgang Hanisch (GDR) 75.24 85.82 85.82 m
3  Dainis Kūla (URS) 85.76 85.76 m
4  Miklós Németh (HUN) 84.84 84.84 m
5  Antero Puranen (FIN) 74.78 84.02 84.02 m
6  Aleksandr Makarov (URS) 83.32 83.32 m
7  Heino Puuste (URS) 82.96 82.96 m
8  Justin Arop (UGA) 63.02 76.64 82.68 82.68 m
9  Aimo Aho (FIN) 70.84 78.50 82.12 82.12 m
10  Pentti Sinersaari (FIN) X 80.30 80.30 m
11  Detlef Fuhrmann (GDR) 72.12 X 78.80 78.80 m
12  Stefan Stoykov (BUL) 70.62 78.74 71.00 78.74 m
13  Detlef Michel (GDR) 73.30 78.34 X 78.34 m
14  David Ottley (GBR) X 77.20 71.94 77.20 m
15  Dariusz Adamus (POL) 69.68 75.72 76.82 76.82 m
16  Zakayo Malekwa (TAN) 71.58 X 61.66 71.58 m
17  Inoussa Dangou (BEN) 54.20 63.56 X 63.56 m
18  Milkessa Chalchisa (ETH) X 51.04 47.68 51.04 m
RankAthleteAttemptsDistance
123456
1st  Dainis Kūla (URS) X X 88.88 91.20 X X 91.20 m
2nd  Aleksandr Makarov (URS) 85.84 83.48 X 84.40 88.04 89.64 89.64 m
3rd  Wolfgang Hanisch (GDR) 86.72 73.74 84.04 X X X 86.72 m
4  Heino Puuste (URS) 86.10 X X X 86.10 m
5  Antero Puranen (FIN) 85.12 X X 78.14 X 82.94 85.12 m
6  Pentti Sinersaari (FIN) 75.08 84.34 82.86 X X X 84.34 m
7  Detlef Fuhrmann (GDR) 68.44 81.02 81.44 83.50 80.42 80.96 83.50 m
8  Miklós Németh (HUN) 76.60 74.06 81.46 81.38 82.40 76.22 82.40 m
 
9  Aimo Aho (FIN) 75.82 80.58 78.86   80.58 m
10  Ferenc Paragi (HUN) X 75.46 79.52   79.52 m
11  Stefan Stoykov (BUL) 77.32 74.38 79.04   79.04 m
12  Justin Arop (UGA) 53.56 77.34 X   77.34 m
 
 
 

 

 

 

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