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1988 Olympic Games Seoul - Men's 100 m

 

 

Host City: Seoul, South Korea Format: Top four in each heat advanced to the final.
Date Started: September 23, 1988 Format: Top two in each heat and next four fastest advanced to the semi-finals.
Date Finished: September 24, 1988 Format: Top three in each heat and next nine fastest advanced to the quarter-finals.
(Competitors: 102; Countries: 69; Finalists: 8)  
    Venue(s): Olympic Stadium, Seoul Sports Complex, Seoul
Overview by IAAF   1988_olympic_stadium.jpg 
Ben Johnson had won the 1987 world title in a world record 9.83 from Lewis (9.93), but five weeks before Seoul Lewis had defeated Johnson in Zurich, 9.93 to 10.00. Lewis was the fastest in each preliminary round, with times of 10.14, 9.99 and 9.97, though Johnson won his semi-final in 10.03 into a headwind. In the final, Johnson (0.132) and Lewis (0.136) reacted quickest, but the Canadian blasted clear by 10m, with Desai Williams in second place. By halfway Johnson (5.52) led by a metre from Williams (5.61) with Lewis (5.65) third. Johnson held the margin over Lewis to the finish, with Christie the next strongest finisher (5.69/4.28), holding off Calvin Smith. Three days later Johnson was stripped of his title, found guilty of taking stanozolol, an anabolic steroid. He was retrospectively disqualified from the 1987 World Championship as well, leaving Lewis with two championships won in bizarre circumstances, plus a new world record.
       
Summary by Sports-reference.com      
At the 1987 World Championships in Roma, Ben Johnson (CAN) won the race in 9.83, defeating Carl Lewis comfortably and putting the first nick in Lewis's armor as the world's fastest man. In the process Johnson shattered the world record. He had also won the 100 at the 1986 Commonwealth Games and was world ranked #1 in both 1986 and 1987, with Lewis ranked #2 in 1987 and #3 in 1986. The Seoul 100 was expected to be a match-up between these two with American Calvin Smith, the former world record holder at 9.93, and Britain's Linford Christie considered to have shots at medals. Lewis was fastest in the prelims, running 9.99 in the quarters and 9.97 in the semis. But the final was a runaway for Johnson, who broke his own world record with 9.79, Lewis finishing in 9.92, and Christie coming up for the bronze medal.
Or so it was thought to be. Early the next day, rumors spread throughout the Olympic Village that a 100 metre finalist had tested positive for drugs, and late in the day, it was announced that this was true and that the doping violation was on Ben Johnson for using stanazolol. Johnson was disqualified, with the gold medal going to Lewis, Christie getting a silver, and Calvin Smith moving into the medals with a bronze. As always, Johnson denied that he had ever taken performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs), although by 1988 he looked as if somebody had put an air hose in his mouth and turned it on. Later that year the Canadian government began an inquiry into the use of drugs in Canadian sports, termed the Dubin Inquiry, after presiding Judge Charles Dubin. In that inquiry, Johnson eventually admitted to the long-term use of steroids, and this was confirmed by his doctor, Jamie Astaphan, and coach, Charles Francis. Johnson was suspended for two years but did return to compete internationally in the early 90s and also participated in the 1992 Olympics. His 1987 World Championship and all his world records were rescinded by the IAAF.
 

Records

These were the then-recognized world and Olympic records (in seconds) prior to the 1988 Summer Olympics.

World Record 9.831 Canada Ben Johnson Rome (ITA) August 30, 1987
Olympic Record 9.95 United States Jim Hines Mexico City (MEX) October 14, 1968

1 Johnson's world record was rescinded by the IAAF Council in September 1989 after he admitted to using steroids between 1981 and 1988. Carl Lewis was credited with a new Olympic record upon being awarded the gold medal after Johnson's failed steroid test, and his time of 9.92 was also recognized as the new world record after Johnson's time was rescinded.

 
        Results          

The Men's 100 Meters at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea – frequently dubbed "the dirtiest race in history" – ended in controversy after Canada's Ben Johnson defeated defending champion Carl Lewis from the United States with a world record time of 9.79s, topping his own record of 9.83s that he set at the 1987 World Championships in Athletics in Rome. Two days later, Johnson was stripped of his gold medal by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) when his post-race drug test indicated steroid use. His record time of 9.79 seconds was also erased. The gold medal for the 100 meters was awarded to Lewis, who ran 9.92s. Later, the world record Johnson held prior to the Olympics was also rescinded and Lewis' time in this race became the official world record, breaking the 9.93 mark that Calvin Smith set in 1983 and Lewis had tied twice since. Smith had participated in this race as well and finished fourth, but was elevated to third place and given the bronze medal behind Lewis and Linford Christie of the United Kingdom, the original bronze medal winner that moved up to silver. The other participants in this race, in order of finish, were Dennis Mitchell of the United States, who would go on to win the bronze medal in this event in Barcelona; Robson da Silva of Brazil, who won the bronze in the 200 meters in Seoul; Johnson's teammate Desai Williams, a bronze medalist in the 4 x 100 meter relay in Los Angeles four years earlier; and Ray Stewart of Jamaica, who won a silver medal in the same relay at the Los Angeles Olympics.

It would take another eleven years for a runner to run a clean 9.79 in the 100 meters, a feat Maurice Greene accomplished at the world championships in Athens in 1999.

Johnson was not the only participant whose success was questioned. Lewis had tested positive at the US Olympic Trials for pseudoephedrine, ephedrine and phenylpropanolamine, medications available at the time in common cold remedies, but the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) cleared Lewis to participate at the games in Seoul. Christie was found to have metabolites of pseudoephedrine in his urine after a 200m heat at the same Olympics but was later cleared of any wrongdoing. Dennis Mitchell tested positive ten years later. Of the top five competitors in the race, only former world record holder and eventual bronze medalist Smith never failed a drug test during his career. Smith later said: "I should have been the gold medalist." Johnson had demanded that Lewis be stripped of his gold medal, but the IOC had no intention of redressing the issue, stating they operate under a three-year statute of limitations.

In the ESPN documentary 9.79*, eventual silver medallist Christie states, and footage of the race shows, that Lewis "ran out of his lane... two or three times" during the race, which could have resulted in Lewis' disqualification had he impeded other competitors. The numerous athletes using performance-enhancing drugs at the time understood how long before a race, and possible drug test, they should stop using the drugs. Johnson has stated that André Jackson, a mutual friend of Johnson and Lewis, entered the drug testing area in Seoul to deposit stanozolol in the beer Johnson consumed to produce a urine sample.

The CBC radio documentary, Rewind, "Ben Johnson: A Hero Disgraced" broadcast on September 19, 2013, for the 25th anniversary of the race, stated 20 athletes tested positive for drugs but were cleared by the IOC at this 1988 Seoul Olympics, and an IOC official stated that endocrine profiles done at those games indicated that 80 percent of the track and field athletes tested showed evidence of long-term steroid use although not all were banned.

In addition, CBC Radio was told by its sources that NBC had threatened to withhold its second rights payment to the IOC due on completion of the 1988 Seoul Olympics games stating, "if these games collapse in scandal, we're out and that money's gone"
 
100 m Men     Final 24 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 9.92 1.1   Carl Lewis United States USA 1 Jul 61    
2 9.97 1.1   Linford Christie Great Britain GBR 2 Apr 60    
3 9.99 1.1   Calvin Smith United States USA 8 Jan 61    
4 10.04 1.1   Dennis Mitchell United States USA 20 Feb 66    
5 10.11 1.1   Robson Caetano da Silva Brazil BRA 4 Sep 64    
6 10.11 1.1   Desai Williams Canada CAN 12 Jun 59    
7 12.26 1.1   Ray Stewart Jamaica JAM 18 Mar 65    
  DQ     Ben Johnson          
100 m Men     Semifinal 1 24 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 9.97 0.6   Carl Lewis United States USA 1 Jul 61    
2 10.15 0.6   Calvin Smith United States USA 8 Jan 61    
3 10.18 0.6   Ray Stewart Jamaica JAM 18 Mar 65    
4 10.24 0.6   Desai Williams Canada CAN 12 Jun 59    
5 10.32 0.6   Arnaldo Oliveira Silva Brazil BRA 26 Mar 64    
6 10.33 0.6   Olapade Adeniken Nigeria NGR 19 Aug 69    
7 10.39 0.6   Mardi Lestari Indonesia INA 19 Jan 68    
8 10.43 0.6   John Myles-Mills Ghana GHA 19 Apr 66    
100 m Men     Semifinal 2 24 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.11 -1.2   Linford Christie Great Britain GBR 2 Apr 60    
2 10.23 -1.2   Dennis Mitchell United States USA 20 Feb 66    
3 10.24 -1.2   Robson Caetano da Silva Brazil BRA 4 Sep 64    
4 10.31 -1.2   Attila Kovács Hungary HUN 2 Sep 60    
5 10.35 -1.2   Juan Núñez Dominican Republic DOM 19 Nov 59    
6 10.60 -1.2   Iziak Adeyanju Nigeria NGR 24 Feb 59    
  DNS -1.2   Vladimir Krylov Soviet Union URS 26 Feb 64    
  DQ -1.2   Ben Johnson Canada CAN 30 Dec 61    
100 m Men     Heat 1 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.11 1.2   Linford Christie Great Britain GBR 2 Apr 60    
2 10.13 1.2   Dennis Mitchell United States USA 20 Feb 66    
3 10.41 1.2   John Mair Jamaica JAM 20 Nov 63    
4 10.42 1.2   Charles-Louis Seck Senegal SEN 11 May 65    
5 10.53 1.2   Li Tao China CHN 15 Jan 68    
6 10.57 1.2   Kennedy Ondiek Kenya KEN 12 Dec 66    
7 10.61 1.2   Ousmane Diarra Mali MLI 30 Sep 66    
  DQ     Ben Johnson Canada CAN 30 Dec 61    
100 m Men     Heat 2 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.16 1.7   Desai Williams Canada CAN 12 Jun 59    
2 10.25 1.7   Arnaldo Oliveira Silva Brazil BRA 26 Mar 64    
3 10.26 1.7   Vladimir Krylov Soviet Union URS 26 Feb 64    
4 10.27 1.7   Attila Kovács Hungary HUN 2 Sep 60    
5 10.50 1.7   Michele Lazazzera Italy ITA 24 Jan 68    
6 10.51 1.7   Thierry Lauret France FRA 21 Feb 65    
7 10.72 1.7   Cheng Chen China CHN 26 Jan 65    
8 11.44 1.7   Chidi Imoh Nigeria NGR 27 Aug 63    
100 m Men     Heat 3 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.25 0.4   Ray Stewart Jamaica JAM 18 Mar 65    
2 10.33 0.4   Juan Núñez Dominican Republic DOM 19 Nov 59    
3 10.36 0.4   Sven Matthes East Germany GDR 23 Aug 69    
4 10.41 0.4   Jean-Charles Trouabal France FRA 20 May 65    
5 10.43 0.4   José Javier Arques Spain ESP 16 May 60    
6 10.45 0.4   Amadou Mbaye Senegal SEN 31 May 64    
7 10.55 0.4   Barrington Williams Great Britain GBR 11 Sep 55    
8 10.57 0.4   Christian Haas West Germany FRG 22 Aug 58    
100 m Men     Heat 4 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.16 0.2   Calvin Smith United States USA 8 Jan 61    
2 10.30 0.2   Olapade Adeniken Nigeria NGR 19 Aug 69    
3 10.34 0.2   Andreas Berger Austria AUT 9 Jun 61    
4 10.37 0.2   Emmanuel Tuffour Ghana GHA 2 Dec 66    
5 10.38 0.2   Talal Mansoor Qatar QAT 8 May 64    
6 10.50 0.2   Patrick Stevens Belgium BEL 31 Jan 68    
7 10.54 0.2   Cheng Hsin-Fu Chinese Taipei TPE 23 Jun 65    
8 10.55 0.2   György Fetter Hungary HUN 2 Oct 63    
100 m Men     Heat 5 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 9.99 1.4   Carl Lewis United States USA 1 Jul 61    
2 10.24 1.4   Robson Caetano da Silva Brazil BRA 4 Sep 64    
3 10.32 1.4   Iziak Adeyanju Nigeria NGR 24 Feb 59    
4 10.33 1.4   Pierfrancesco Pavoni Italy ITA 21 Feb 63    
5 10.36 1.4   Vitaliy Savin Soviet Union URS 23 Jan 66    
6 10.49 1.4   Koji Kurihara Japan JPN 2 May 64    
7 10.68 1.4   István Tatár Hungary HUN 24 Mar 58    
8 10.76 1.4   Issa Alassane Ousseni Benin BEN 10 May 61    
100 m Men     Heat 6 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.21 0.3   John Myles-Mills Ghana GHA 19 Apr 66    
2 10.32 0.3   Mardi Lestari Indonesia INA 19 Jan 68    
3 10.37 0.3   Max Morinière France FRA 16 Feb 64    
4 10.38 0.3   Ezio Madonia Italy ITA 7 Aug 66    
5 10.43 0.3   Peter Wekesa Kenya KEN 22 Sep 61    
6 10.55 0.3   Shim Duk-Sub South Korea KOR 26 Nov 63    
7 10.63 0.3   Andrew Smith Jamaica JAM 29 Jan 64    
8 10.83 0.3   Cai Jianming China CHN 1 Aug 63    
100 m Men     Heat 1 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.37 0.6   Robson Caetano da Silva Brazil BRA 4 Sep 64    
2 10.40 0.6   Ezio Madonia Italy ITA 7 Aug 66    
3 10.48 0.6   Cheng Hsin-Fu Chinese Taipei TPE 23 Jun 65    
4 10.56 0.6   Thierry Lauret France FRA 21 Feb 65    
5 10.59 0.6   Ménélik Lawson Togo TOG 29 Jul 65    
6 10.82 0.6   Wing Kwong Leung Hong Kong HKG 8 Jul 66    
7 10.85 0.6   Mohamed Fahd Al-Bishy Saudi Arabia KSA 1 Sep 67    
8 10.96 0.6   Jerry Jeremiah Vanuatu VAN 1 Aug 63    
100 m Men     Heat 2 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.28 0.9   Calvin Smith United States USA 8 Jan 61    
2 10.39 0.9   Attila Kovács Hungary HUN 2 Sep 60    
3 10.40 0.9   Mardi Lestari Indonesia INA 19 Jan 68    
4 10.58 0.9   Aleksey Rasin Soviet Union URS 10 May 62    
5 10.74 0.9   Henri Ndinga Congo CGO 11 Feb 61    
6 10.75 0.9   Fabian Muyaba Zimbabwe ZIM 30 Sep 70    
7 11.08 0.9   Mustapha Salmi Algeria ALG 3 Jul 65    
8 11.21 0.9   Markus Büchel Liechtenstein LIE 25 Apr 61    
100 m Men     Heat 3 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.42 0.7   Talal Mansoor Qatar QAT 8 May 64    
2 10.47 0.7   Juan Núñez Dominican Republic DOM 19 Nov 59    
3 10.64 0.7   Amadou Mbaye Senegal SEN 31 May 64    
4 10.70 0.7   Fabian Whymns Bahamas BAH 11 Jun 61    
5 10.73 0.7   Neville Hodge United States Virgin Islands ISV 8 Dec 55    
6 10.89 0.7   Horace Dove-Edwin Sierra Leone SLE 10 Feb 67    
7 10.90 0.7   Alexandre Yougbare Burkina Faso BUR 64    
8 11.01 0.7   Henrico Atkins Barbados BAR 8 Sep 66    
100 m Men     Heat 4 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.31 0.8   Emmanuel Tuffour Ghana GHA 2 Dec 66    
2 10.46 0.8   Koji Kurihara Japan JPN 2 May 64    
3 10.49 0.8   Andrew Smith Jamaica JAM 29 Jan 64    
4 10.51 0.8   Cheng Chen China CHN 26 Jan 65    
5 10.52 0.8   István Tatár Hungary HUN 24 Mar 58    
6 10.54 0.8   Christian Haas West Germany FRG 22 Aug 58    
7 10.96 0.8   John Hou Papua New Guinea PNG 25 Sep 68    
8 11.53 0.8   Fouad Ehab Ahmed Nagi Yemen YEM 17 Sep 68    
100 m Men     Heat 5 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.19 1.1   Linford Christie Great Britain GBR 2 Apr 60    
2 10.34 1.1   Max Morinière France FRA 16 Feb 64    
3 10.35 1.1   Sven Matthes East Germany GDR 23 Aug 69    
4 10.47 1.1   Li Tao China CHN 15 Jan 68    
5 10.60 1.1   Samuel Nchinda Cameroon CMR 23 May 67    
6 10.69 1.1   Lee Shiunn-Long Chinese Taipei TPE 19 Oct 58    
7 10.69 1.1   William Trott Bermuda BER 20 Mar 65    
8 11.52 1.1   Frank Maziya Swaziland SWZ 22 May 61    
100 m Men     Heat 6 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.62 1.4   Chidi Imoh Nigeria NGR 27 Aug 63    
2 10.64 1.4   Charles-Louis Seck Senegal SEN 11 May 65    
3 10.72 1.4   Issa Alassane Ousseni Belgium BEN 10 May 61    
4 10.76 1.4   John Regis Great Britain GBR 13 Oct 66    
5 10.97 1.4   Mothobi Kharitse Lesotho LES 29 Sep 64    
6 11.20 1.4   Robert Loua Guinea GUI 69    
7 11.68 1.4   Samuel Birch Liberia LBR 10 May 63    
  DNF 1.4   Pedro Agostinho Portugal POR 20 Feb 65    
100 m Men     Heat 7 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.22 1.8   Ray Stewart Jamaica JAM 18 Mar 65    
2 10.36 1.8   Pierfrancesco Pavoni Italy ITA 21 Feb 63    
3 10.52 1.8   Vitaliy Savin Soviet Union URS 23 Jan 66    
4 10.54 1.8   György Fetter Hungary HUN 2 Oct 63    
5 10.80 1.8   Khaled Ibrahim Jouma Bahrain BRN 25 Dec 62    
6 10.91 1.8   Muhammed Afzal Khan Pakistan PAK 1 Sep 67    
7 11.22 1.8   Claude Roumain Haiti HAI 29 Jul 61    
100 m Men     Heat 8 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.55 2   Cai Jianming China CHN 1 Aug 63    
2 10.56 2   Shim Duk-Sub South Korea KOR 26 Nov 63    
3 10.70 2   Carlos Moreno Chile CHI 28 Oct 67    
4 10.90 2   Abdelsalem Al-Khalidi Oman OMA 24 Jul 58    
5 10.94 2   Mohamed Jalal Bahamas BAN 10 Aug 66    
6 10.95 2   Joseph Ssali Uganda UGA 26 Dec 67    
7 11.17 2   Claire Soleyne Antigua and Barbuda ANT 26 Sep 67    
  DQ 2   Ben Johnson Canada CAN 30 Dec 61    
100 m Men     Heat 9 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.24 1   Desai Williams Canada CAN 12 Jun 59    
2 10.50 1   Peter Wekesa Kenya KEN 22 Sep 61    
3 10.56 1   Olapade Adeniken Nigeria NGR 19 Aug 69    
4 10.68 1   Eduardo Nava Mexico MEX 26 Aug 68    
5 10.75 1   Joilto Santos Bonfim Brazil BRA 11 Feb 65    
6 10.79 1   Lindel Hodge British Virgin Islands IVB 5 Apr 59    
7 10.88 1   Visut Watanasin Thailand THA 20 Nov 64    
8 10.92 1   Armenio Gaspar Angola ANG 9 Nov 59    
100 m Men     Heat 10 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.34 1.4   Vladimir Krylov Soviet Union URS 26 Feb 64    
2 10.44 1.4   Arnaldo Oliveira Silva Brazil BRA 26 Mar 64    
3 10.47 1.4   Michele Lazazzera Italy ITA 24 Jan 68    
4 10.51 1.4   Kennedy Ondiek Kenya KEN 12 Dec 66    
5 10.62 1.4   Takahiro Kasahara Japan JPN 31 Jul 67    
6 10.70 1.4   James Flemming United States Virgin Islands ISV 14 Sep 66    
7 11.49 1.4   Jihad Salame Lebanon LIB 7 Aug 62    
8 11.55 1.4   Gilbert Bessi Monaco MON 9 Jul 58    
100 m Men     Heat 11 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.37 1   Dennis Mitchell United States USA 20 Feb 66    
2 10.45 1   Iziak Adeyanju Nigeria NGR 24 Feb 59    
3 10.53 1   Ousmane Diarra Mali MLI 30 Sep 66    
4 10.68 1   Oliver Daniels Liberia LBR 19 Jan 64    
5 10.80 1   Luís Cunha Portugal POR 5 Dec 64    
6 11.01 1   Evaristo Ortiz Dominican Republic DOM 27 Dec 60    
7 11.09 1   Minh Nguyen Dinh Vietnam VIE 31 Mar 66    
8 11.52 1   Secundino Borebota Equatorial Guinea GEQ 21 Feb 61    
100 m Men     Heat 12 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.31 1.4   John Myles-Mills Ghana GHA 19 Apr 66    
2 10.40 1.4   Andreas Berger Austria AUT 9 Jun 61    
3 10.51 1.4   Barrington Williams Great Britain GBR 11 Sep 55    
4 10.51 1.4   Patrick Stevens Belgium BEL 31 Jan 68    
5 10.61 1.4   Enrique Talavera Spain ESP 15 Jan 67    
6 10.71 1.4   Tomohiro Osawa Japan JPN 2 Apr 69    
7 11.11 1.4   Dominique Canti San Marino SMR 17 Feb 67    
8 11.49 1.4   Ismail Mohamed Waheed Maldives MDV 13 Aug 68    
100 m Men     Heat 13 23 September        
                   
Rank Mark Wind   Athlete Country NOC Birth Date   Records
1 10.14 0.9   Carl Lewis United States USA 1 Jul 61    
2 10.39 0.9   Jean-Charles Trouabal France FRA 20 May 65    
3 10.44 0.9   José Javier Arques Spain ESP 16 May 60    
4 10.44 0.9   John Mair Jamaica JAM 20 Nov 63    
5 10.76 0.9   Harouna Palé Burkina Faso BUR 16 Aug 55    
6 10.94 0.9   Suli Peauope Tonga TGA 18 Oct 63    
7 11.19 0.9   Maloni Bole Fiji FIJ 22 Nov 68    
 
Detailed View
 

Final

RANK FINAL TIME
Med 1.png  Carl Lewis (USA) 9.92 WR Awarded gold medal and World Record after Johnson's positive steroid test.
Med 2.png  Linford Christie (GBR) 9.97  
Med 3.png  Calvin Smith (USA) 9.99 This was the first time anyone had broken ten seconds and finished third.
4.  Dennis Mitchell (USA) 10.04
5.  Robson da Silva (BRA) 10.11
6.  Desai Williams (CAN) 10.11
7.  Ray Stewart (JAM) 12.26 Pulled a hamstring at 40 meter mark.
DSQ  Ben Johnson (CAN) 9.79 Stripped of gold medal and world record due to positive steroid test.
 

The dirtiest race in history Olympic 100m final, 1988

Ben Johnson became a sporting pariah, but he was not the only one. Five of the other seven athletes in the race subsequently went on to test positive or be involved in the use or supply of performance enhancing drugs
  The runners were, from right to left:

1. Robson da Silva (BRA) 5th in 10.11 secs
Brazil’s greatest sprinter, who won a bronze medal in the 200m in Seoul, has never been linked to drugs use. He now works as a television commentator in his home country.

2. Ray Stewart (JAM) 8th in 12.26
Went on to become a leading coach but was charged by US Track and Field for allegedly trafficking banned substances to athletes and was banned from the sport for life in 2010.

3. Carl Lewis (US) 1st in 9.92
The most decorated track and field Olympian now owns a marketing firm, CLEG, after a failed attempt to enter politics. Was revealed to have failed three drugs tests prior to the 1988 Games but was cleared by America’s Olympic Committee.

4. Linford Christie (GB) 2nd in 9.97
Britain’s most successful sprinter failed two drugs tests - in 1988 and 1999 - but has always said he was innocent. Became a coach and runs sports management firm Nuff Respect.

5. Calvin Smith (US) 3rd in 9.99

The only sprinter to finish in the original top five who never tested positive for drugs, Smith was inducted into the US track hall of fame in 2007 and is now a social worker.

6. Ben Johnson (CAN) Disqualified

Tested positive for stanozolol after ‘winning’ the race in 9.79secs. Failed two more tests during his career. After working as a trainer for Colonel Gaddafi’s son, Al-Saadi, he is now trying to heighten awareness about doping.

7. Desai Williams (CAN) 6th in 10.11
An inquiry set up after the Games found that Williams had been supplied with steroids by a doctor. Went on to work for the American Red Cross and Toronto Argonauts football team.

8. Dennis Mitchell (US) 4th in 10.04

Went on to win two World Championship golds, before testing for testosterone in 1998. Claimed the result was due to having sex four times with his wife that day. Now works as a trainer.
 Carl Lewis was allowed to compete in the 1988 Olympics despite testing positive for banned performance-enhancing drugs because it would have been a disaster otherwise for the American team, according to his former team-mate Roger Kingdom, writes Duncan Mackay
 

Dr Wade Exum, former head of the United States anti-doping programme, has alleged that the man voted the greatest athlete of the 20th century was among more than 100 competitors, including 19 Olympic medallists, involved in a cover-up of drug use from 1988 to 2000.

Exum claims Lewis tested positive for stimulants during the 1988 US Olympic trials but had a 12-week suspension overturned by the United States Olympic Committee, allowing him two months later to win two gold medals in Seoul.

That included the 100m after Canada's Ben Johnson failed his drug test and Lewis was awarded the gold ahead of Britain's Linford Christie in a race one International Olympic Committee official yesterday described as "the dirtiest in history". He also won the long jump, part of his career tally of a record nine Olympic gold medals.

Lewis's lawyer Martin Singer claimed his client had taken the banned drug in a herbal remedy. "Carl did nothing wrong," said Singer. "There was never intent."

But Kingdom, the winner of the 110m hurdles in Seoul who later served on USA Track & Field's drug-hearing board, said athletes at the time received extensive warnings about being careful with supplements. "He should not have been allowed to compete, plain and simple," he said. "You can't plead ignorance; it didn't roll. Obviously it goes back to show you favouritism was involved.

"At the time Carl was Mr Track and Field and what a black eye it would have given the US not to have your top dog there."

Lewis was not the only 1988 gold medallist who escaped punishment. Joe DeLoach and Andre Phillips also failed tests at the US trials but travelled to Seoul and won gold medals in the 200m and 400m hurdles respectively.

Exum released more than 30,000 pages of documents which include showing Lewis tested positive for three stimulants found in cold medications: pseudoephedrine, ephedrine and phenylpropanolamine. Lewis's training partners DeLoach and Floyd Heard tested positive for the same combination of drugs, which some experts believe can mask more serious drugs such as anabolic steroids.

The IOC's medical commission chairman Arne Ljungqvist said the Exum documents "fit a pattern" of failure by the US to report on positive drug cases. It was reported last year that a US athlete tested positive for steroids in 1999 but was allowed to compete - and win an Olympic gold medal - in the 2000 games.

 

 

 

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