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Summer Olympic Sports

Current Summer Olympic sports - Swimming (Men)

Swimming at the Summer Olympics

 

  Swimming banner
 Swimming Summer Olympic Sport

Games: 29 games in 20 countries
Events: 55

Participants: 8,765 (5,142 men and 3,620 women) from 201 countries
Youngest Participant: PUR Liana Vicens (11 years, 327 days), 1968 Summer Games
Oldest Participant: GBR William Henry (46 years, 304 days), 1906 Summer Games
Top Athlete Medalist(s): USA Michael Phelps (28 medals)
Top Country Medalist(s): USA United States (553 medals)

 
  Swimming has been a sport at every modern Summer Olympics. It has been open to women since 1912. Along with track & field athletics and gymnastics, it is one of the most popular spectator sports at the Games. Swimming has the second-highest number of Olympic events (after athletics).

Events

Men's

Current program
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
50 metres freestyle     X[1]                                   X X X X X X X X X 10
100 metres freestyle X   X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 28
200 metres freestyle   X X[1]                         X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
400 metres freestyle     X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 27
800 metre freestyle     X[1]                                                   X 2
1500 metre freestyle     X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 27
100 metre backstroke     X[1] X X X X X X X X X X X   X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
200 metre backstroke   X                         X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
100 metre breaststroke                               X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
200 metre breaststroke       X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
100 metre butterfly                               X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 14
200 metre butterfly                         X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 17
200 metre individual medley                               X X     X X X X X X X X X X 12
400 metre individual medley                             X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 15
4 × 100 metre freestyle relay                             X X X     X X X X X X X X X X 13
4 × 200 metre freestyle relay       X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 26
4 × 100 metre medley relay                           X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 16
Marathon 10 km                                                   X X X X 4
                                                             
Past events
Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
500 metre freestyle X                                                         1
1000 metre freestyle   X                                                       1
1200 metre freestyle X                                                         1
4000 metre freestyle   X                                                       1
400 metre breaststroke     X[1]   X X                                               3
4 × 50 yard freestyle relay     X[1]                                                     1
200 metre team swimming   X                                                       1
200 metre obstacle event   X                                                       1
Underwater swimming   X                                                       1
100 metre freestyle for sailors X                                                         1
                                                             
Events 4 7 9 6 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 8 10 15 15 13 13 15 16 16 16 16 16 17 17 17 18  
[1]. Distances at the 1904 Olympics were measured in yards rather than metres. The 50 yard freestyle was 45.7 metres and the 100 yard freestyle and backstroke races were 91.4 metres. The 220, 440, and 880 yard freestyle races were 201, 402, and 805 metres, respectively. Instead of a 1500 metre race, there was a 1 mile race which made for 1609 metres. The 440 yard breaststroke, like the freestyle, was 402 metres. The relay, 4 × 50 yards, was 4 × 45.7 metres.
for all the information and results per Olympic Game visit the links
1896 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming)
1900 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming)
1904 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming)
1906 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming)
1908 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming)
1912 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming)
1920 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming)
1924 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming)-(Men)
1928 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming-Men)
1932 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming-Men)
1936 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men)
1948 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men)
1952 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men)
1956 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men)
1960 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men)
1964 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men)
1968 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming-Men)
1972 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men)
1976 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men)
1980 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men)
1984 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men)
1988 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 1)
1988 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 2)
1992 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 1)
1992 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 2)
1996 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 1)
1996 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 2)
2000 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 1)
2000 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 2)
2004 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 1
2004 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 2)
2008 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 1)
2008 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 2)
2008 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Qualification)
2012 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 1)
2012 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 2)
2012 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men Qualification)
2016 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 1)
2016 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Men part 2)
2016 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming - Qualification)

Medal table

Total

Last updated after the 2016 Summer Olympics

 
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 246 172 135 553
2  Australia (AUS) 60 64 64 188
3  East Germany (GDR) 38 32 22 92
4  Hungary (HUN) 28 25 20 73
5  Japan (JPN) 22 26 32 80
6  Netherlands (NED) 22 18 19 59
7  Great Britain (GBR) 16 28 30 74
8  Germany (GER) 13 19 29 61
9  China (CHN) 13 19 11 43
10  Soviet Union (URS) 12 21 26 59
11  Sweden (SWE) 9 15 14 38
12  Canada (CAN) 8 15 26 49
13  France (FRA) 8 15 20 43
14  South Africa (RSA) 6 6 6 18
15  Unified Team (EUN) 6 3 1 10
16  Russia (RUS) 5 9 9 23
17  Italy (ITA) 5 5 12 22
18  Ukraine (UKR) 4 2 1 7
19  West Germany (FRG) 3 5 14 22
20  Denmark (DEN) 3 5 6 14
21  Romania (ROU) 3 2 4 9
22  Ireland (IRL) 3 0 1 4
23  Zimbabwe (ZIM) 2 4 1 7
24  Australasia (ANZ) 2 3 3 8
25  Spain (ESP) 2 2 4 8
26  New Zealand (NZL) 2 1 3 6
27  Tunisia (TUN) 2 0 1 3
28  Austria (AUT) 1 6 5 12
29  United Team of Germany (EUA) 1 5 6 12
30  Brazil (BRA) 1 4 9 14
31  Greece (GRE) 1 4 3 8
32  Poland (POL) 1 3 2 6
33  South Korea (KOR) 1 3 0 4
34  Belgium (BEL) 1 2 2 5
35  Costa Rica (CRC) 1 1 2 4
36  Argentina (ARG) 1 1 1 3
 Bulgaria (BUL) 1 1 1 3
38  Yugoslavia (YUG) 1 1 0 2
39  Mexico (MEX) 1 0 1 2
 Suriname (SUR) 1 0 1 2
41  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 0 0 1
 Lithuania (LTU) 1 0 0 1
 Singapore (SIN) 1 0 0 1
44  Belarus (BLR) 0 2 1 3
45  Slovakia (SVK) 0 2 0 2
46  Finland (FIN) 0 1 3 4
47  Cuba (CUB) 0 1 1 2
 Norway (NOR) 0 1 1 2
49  Croatia (CRO) 0 1 0 1
 Serbia (SRB) 0 1 0 1
 Slovenia (SLO) 0 1 0 1
52  Philippines (PHI) 0 0 2 2
53  Switzerland (SUI) 0 0 1 1
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 0 0 1 1
 Venezuela (VEN) 0 0 1 1
Totals (55 nations) 559 557 558 1674

Nations

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Albania (ALB)                                           1     2 2 2 2   5
 Algeria (ALG)                                     5     1 1 3 6 5 1 1   8
 American Samoa (ASA)                                                   2 2     2
 Andorra (AND)                                             1 2 2 1 2 2   6
 Angola (ANG)                                     5   8 3 1 2 1 2 2 2   9
 Antigua and Barbuda (ANT)                                                 2 1 2     3
 Argentina (ARG)             4 4 5 1 17 7   3 7 8 4 5   6 2 3 7 13 10 11 4 5   20
 Armenia (ARM)                                             1 2 1 1 2 2   6
 Aruba (ARU)                                                 2 1 2 2   4
 Australasia (ANZ)       5 9                                                 2
 Australia (AUS)   1       6 5 5 5 5 10 10 26 26 32 24 24 28 17 31 25 33 33 44 41 43 47 39   24
 Austria (AUT) 2 3 1 1 8     3   8 2 3   10 7 3 2 1 5 6 6 2 4 8 6 12 11 6   24
 Azerbaijan (AZE)                                             1 2 4 12 2 2   6
 Bahamas (BAH)                                   2   2 1 2 1 4 4 4 1 3   10
 Bahrain (BRN)                                       2       2 2 2 2 1   6
 Bangladesh (BAN)                                         2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2   8
 Barbados (BAR)                               1       1 1   2 3 4 4 1 2   9
 Belarus (BLR)                                             10 9 9 8 8 8   6
 Belgium (BEL)   1   7 5 12 6 5     6 10 6 3 2 6 4 10 7 4 7 7 4 9   7 13 10   23
 Benin (BEN)                                                 2 2 2     3
 Bermuda (BER)                   5 5   2             1 1 6   1 1 2 1 2   11
 Bolivia (BOL)                   1                     1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2   9
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)                                           2 2 2 1 1 2 2   7
 Botswana (BOT)                                                   2   2   2
 Brazil (BRA)           2     8 16 13 12 4 5 4 4 12 9 9 7 15 9 10 13 23 25 19 36   21
 British Virgin Islands (IVB)                                                       1   1
 Brunei (BRU)                                                     1     1
 Bulgaria (BUL)                               3 3 5 13   8 5 1 6 6 4 4 3   12
 Burkina Faso (BUR)                                                 1 2 2 2   4
 Burundi (BDI)                                                 2 1 2 2   4
 Cambodia (CAM)                                 4           2 2 2 2 2 2   7
 Cameroon (CMR)                                                 1 2 2     3
 Canada (CAN)       1 1 3 2 6 14 14 9 9 8 8 12 15 38 38   37 31 29 27 39 20 27 33 30   24
 Cayman Islands (CAY)                                                 3 2 2 2   4
 Central African Republic (CAF)                                                     1 2   2
 Chile (CHI)               4   4   1                     1 2 3 2 1 2   9
 China (CHN)                   2 1 1               14 24 16 21 21 28 42 51 45   12
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)                           1   4 3     5 8   8 13 13 5 3 2   11
 Colombia (COL)                     2   3   1 9 4 5 2 1 1 1 5 5 3 5 3 4   16
 Comoros (COM)                                                   1 1 2   3
 Republic of the Congo (CGO)                                           1 2 2 2 1 2 2   7
 Cook Islands (COK)                                                   1 2 2   2
 Costa Rica (CRC)                               1   1 2 1 8 1 3 2 1 2 2 1   12
 Croatia (CRO)                                             11 17 13 13 4 2   6
 Cuba (CUB)                     2 2 2 1   3           2 3 7 2 2 1     11
 Cyprus (CYP)                                     4     2 2 7 5 2 1 2   8
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)           4 9 1   3 3 4 2 3 3 1 3 1 5   6 8               17
 Czech Republic (CZE)                                             10 6 12 10 6 8   6
 Democratic Republic of the Congo (COD)                                                   1       1
 Denmark (DEN)   1   5 1   4 5 2 18 6 9 2 4 3 3 6 2 1 3 15 8 10 7 6 9 10 15   25
 Djibouti (DJI)                                                     1 1   2
 Dominica (DMA)                                             1 2           2
 Dominican Republic (DOM)                                               1   1 2 2   4
 East Germany (GDR)                               24 37 23 30   26                 5
 Ecuador (ECU)                               3 1 1 2     1 5 3 1 2 3 3   11
 Egypt (EGY)                   1 6 3         2     8 5 2 2 6 2 3 3 7   13
 El Salvador (ESA)                               14 7     2   1 2 1 1 1 2 2   10
 Equatorial Guinea (GEQ)                                               2           1
 Estonia (EST)                   2                       4 1 4 6 9 2 2   8
 Ethiopia (ETH)                                                     2 2   2
 Fiji (FIJ)                                       3 5 3 2 2 1 1 2 2   9
 Finland (FIN)       3 6 1 2 1 1 2 1 13 1 5 6 3 1 1 1 2 1 12 12 7 7 5 7 8   25
 France (FRA)   47   4 3 13 20 13 5 8 17 16 16 19 9 16 18 16 13 16 25 25 25 19 21 35 31 30   26
 Gabon (GAB)                                                       1   1
 The Gambia (GAM)                                                       1   1
 Georgia (GEO)                                               1 1 2 1 2   5
 Germany (GER)   6 4 5 17     19 2 24   9 18 26 38             24 28 35 35 25 30 29   18
 Ghana (GHA)                                                       2   1
 Great Britain (GBR)   7   25 18 18 26 21 15 22 32 26 22 32 33 27 36 40 32 33 31 28 39 32 37 24 44 28   26
 Greece (GRE) 15       1   1     5 2     2     5 2 2 3 4 2 8 14 28 18 14 15   18
 Grenada (GRN)                                               1 2   1 2   4
 Guam (GUM)                                         4 7 2 1 1 1 3 2   8
 Guatemala (GUA)                       1       3       6 1 5 2 1 4 1 1 2   11
 Guinea (GUI)                                               2 1 2 1 2   5
 Guyana (GUY)                                                 1 1 2 2   4
 Haiti (HAI)                                             1         2   2
 Honduras (HON)                                       6 3 4 1 2 2 2 2 2   9
 Hong Kong (HKG)                       4 2 1 3 3 2 4   8 10 8 3 9 7 4 3 7   16
 Hungary (HUN) 1 1 2 10 8   6 8 5 13 15 15 16 18 19 14 16 8 13   13 13 21 18 25 28 32 35   26
 Iceland (ISL)                     8     2 2 4 4 3   4 6 2 3 9 7 8 7 3   15
 Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)                                           4               1
 India (IND)                 1   7 5 2               1   2 2 1 4 1 2   11
 Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA)                                                       2   1
 Indonesia (INA)                       1 3 2       1   1 2   1 6 3 2 1 2   12
 Iran (IRI)                             1               1 1 1 1 1 1   7
 Iraq (IRQ)                                               2 1   1 1   4
 Ireland (IRL)               2               4 7 4 3 2 5 2 5 4 2 3 4 3   14
 Israel (ISR)                       1 1 4 2 6 1 2   3 1 4 4 10 2 7 5 7   16
 Italy (ITA)   2   4 2 4 6 5 2     10 7 23 16 10 24 13 13 26 21 24 14 21 29 34 35 38   24
 Ivory Coast (CIV)                                                 2 1 2 2   4
 Jamaica (JAM)                               1 1     4     1   4 3 1 2   8
 Japan (JPN)           2 6 10 23 21   22 19 21 38 20 15 15   22 23 25 27 21 20 31 29 36   21
 Jordan (JOR)                                             2 2 2 2 2 2   6
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)                                             7 8 11 12 7 3   6
 Kenya (KEN)                         1                     2 2 2 2 2   6
 Kosovo (KOS)                                                       2   1
 Kuwait (KUW)                                 2   3 5 2 3 3 2   1 2     9
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)                                             12 18 6 3 2 2   6
 Laos (LAO)                                               1 2 2 1 2   5
 Latvia (LAT)                                           1 4 4 5 2 2 2   7
 Lebanon (LIB)                               1 2   2 4 4 1   2 5 2 2 2   11
 Lesotho (LES)                                                     1     1
 Libya (LBA)                                     4           2 2 1 2   5
 Liechtenstein (LIE)                                                     1 2   2
 Lithuania (LTU)                                           2 8 6 10 9 4 6   7
 Luxembourg (LUX)           2 4 3   4   1 1 4 1 1         2 1   3 2 4 1 3   16
 Macedonia (MKD)                                             4 4 4 2 2 2   6
 Madagascar (MAD)                                     3     1 2 2 2 2 2 2   8
 Malawi (MAW)                                                 2 2 1 2   4
 Malaysia (MAS)                         2 2 7   2 1   1 2 1 5 9 4 5 2 3   14
 Maldives (MDV)                                           2 1 2 2 2 2 2   7
 Mali (MLI)                                               2 2 2 2 2   5
 Malta (MLT)                                             1 2 2 2 2 2   6
 Marshall Islands (MHL)                                                   2 2 2   3
 Mauritius (MRI)                                           6 2 2 2 2 2 2   7
 Mexico (MEX)                 3   9 8 4 11 10 27 22 9 7 12 10 7 2 7 6 6 9 3   19
 Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)                                               2 2 2 2 2   5
 Moldova (MDA)                                             5   10 3 2 2   5
 Monaco (MON)                                   1   1   1 1 1 1   1     7
 Mongolia (MGL)                                               2 1 2 2 2   5
 Montenegro (MNE)                                                   1   2   2
 Morocco (MAR)                                               1 1 1 1 2   5
 Mozambique (MOZ)                                     5 2 2 3 1 2 2 2 2 2   10
 Myanmar (MYA)                           1 1                 1   1   1   5
 Namibia (NAM)                                           2 1 1           3
 Nepal (NEP)                                             2 2 2 2 2 2   6
 Netherlands (NED)   4   7   4 12 14 5 14 12 13   19 26 17 19 15 12 16 11 9 20 24 16 18 15 17   24
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO)                                       3 1   1 2   1       5
 New Zealand (NZL)           1 1 4     1 2 5   2 4 6 9   8 7 11 14 8 13 15 17 9   19
 Nicaragua (NCA)                                   2 1       1 2 2 2 2 2   8
 Niger (NIG)                                               2 1 2 1 2   5
 Nigeria (NGR)                                           2   2 2 2   2   5
 Norway (NOR)         5 2 1 1 1   1 3       1 4 7   3 2 6 5   1 4 3 2   18
 Oman (OMA)                                             1 1   4       3
 Pakistan (PAK)                     4 2 3                   1 1 2 2 2 2   9
 Palau (PLW)                                               2 1 1 1 2   5
 Palestine (PLE)                                               1 1 2 2 2   5
 Panama (PAN)               1                   3   1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 2   11
 Papua New Guinea (PNG)                                               2 1 2 2 1   5
 Paraguay (PAR)                                   3       2 2 2 1 2 2 2   8
 Peru (PER)                   3       6   3 3   4 5 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 2   14
 Philippines (PHI)               2 3 5 3 1 8 8 2 7 7 3   4 4 5 2 4 5 5 2 2   20
 Poland (POL)               2   4   7 1 5   4 5 3 8   5 14 11 8 7 15 19 20   17
 Portugal (POR)             1       1 4   5 3     5 2 2 12 9 12 7 11 10 7 5   16
 Puerto Rico (PUR)                           1 4 9   12   5 3 6 7 3 6 4 2 2   13
 Qatar (QAT)                                               1 1 1 2 2   5
 Rhodesia (RHO)                           4                               1
 Romania (ROU)                       1 2 2   2 3   5 2 5 10 14 11 7 6 4 6   15
 Russia (RUS)         4                                   30 28 30 35 35 36   7
 Rwanda (RWA)                                               2 2 2 2 2   5
 Saar (SAA)                       1                                   1
 Saint Lucia (LCA)                                               2 1 1 1 1   5
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VIN)                                               2 1   1 2   4
 Samoa (SAM)                                                       2   1
 San Marino (SMR)                                       2 2   1 1 2 2 1     8
 Saudi Arabia (KSA)                                           2   1 1 1       4
 Senegal (SEN)                                         2 2   2 2 2 2 2   7
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)                                             4   7         2
 Serbia (SRB)                                                   9 8 6   3
 Seychelles (SEY)                                           4 1 2 2 2 2 2   7
 Sierra Leone (SLE)                                             1         2   2
 Singapore (SIN)                       1         3     4 5 5 5 8 5 5 5 3   11
 Slovakia (SVK)                                             3 4 2 3 5 3   6
 Slovenia (SLO)                                           5 5 6 11 10 12 10   7
 South Africa (RSA)         1 1   5 1   3 6 8 3               10 7 14 8 24 20 13   15
 South Korea (KOR)                             4 1 1     3 15 4 20 17 19 16 15 8   12
 Soviet Union (URS)                       18 10 23 21 31 26 31 39   27 29               9
 Spain (ESP)           2 4 5     6 3   10 11 13 9 14 11 8 11 21 18 23 16 23 14 24   20
 Sri Lanka (SRI)                       1   1           1 2 1   2 2 2 2 2   10
 Sudan (SUD)                                               1   1 2 2   4
 Suriname (SUR)                                       2 1 3 4 2 2 2 2 2   9
 Swaziland (SWZ)                                       1 2   1 2 1 1 1     7
 Sweden (SWE)   1   12 24 13 14 9 2 5 8 12 5 15 14 16 15 18 24 24 18 17 18 16 15 18 12 11   26
 Switzerland (SUI)           4 2 1   4 8 8   9 2 4 10 2 3 13 10 4 5 9 13 7 7 8   21
 Syria (SYR)                                           1 1 2 1 3 2 2   7
 Tajikistan (TJK)                                               2   2 1 2   4
 Tanzania (TAN)                                                   2 2 2   3
 Thailand (THA)                             2     2       5 6 8 6 2 2 2   9
 Togo (TOG)                                                     1 2   2
 Tonga (TGA)                                                     1 2   2
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)                               1 1     1 1   2 3 3 3 1 2   10
 Tunisia (TUN)                                   2   1 1     1 2 2 4 2   8
 Turkey (TUR)                           2     2     4 2 3 4 7 9 11 6 4   11
 Turkmenistan (TKM)                                                 2 2 2 2   4
 Uganda (UGA)                                       1       2 1 2 2 2   6
 Ukraine (UKR)                                             13 25 27 23 14 7   6
 United Arab Emirates (UAE)                                         6 5 1 1 1 1 1 2   8
 United States (USA) 1 2 25 8 7 22 26 23 27 28 28 30 28 31 48 52 51 51   43 44 40 44 48 43 43 49 47   27
 Uruguay (URU)                     2 1       5 4 1   2 1 1 2 4 4 3 2 2   14
 Uzbekistan (UZB)                                             6 10 15 7 2 2   6
 Venezuela (VEN)                       1   1 2   4 12 3 6     7 5 4 13 10 6   13
 Vietnam (VIE)                       1   2 3 2     11   2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2   13
 Virgin Islands (ISV)                                   2   7 6 3 1 1 2 1 1 2   10
 West Germany (FRG)                               27 44 22   24 29                 5
 Yemen (YEM)                                                 1 2 2     3
 Yugoslavia (YUG)             6     4 6 3 1 9 2 6 5 4 3 3 3     9           22
 Zambia (ZAM)                             2                 2 2 2 2 2   6
 Zimbabwe (ZIM)                             2       2   4 4 1 3 2 2 1 2   10
 
Nations 4 12 4 14 17 19 23 28 20 29 34 48 33 45 42 51 52 51 41 67 77 92 117 150 152 162 166 169    
Swimmers 19 76 32 100 120 116 118 182 128 248 249 319 235 380 405 468 532 471 333 494 633 641 762 954 937 1026 950 950    
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20  
 

Notable changes to the sport

Times have consistently dropped over the years due to better training techniques and new developments withinin the sport.

In the first four Olympics, competitions were not held in pools, but rather in open water (1896, the Mediterranean Sea; 1900, the Seine; 1904, an artificial lake; 1906, the Mediterranean). The 1904 Olympics' races were the only ones ever measured in yards, instead of the usual metres. A 100-metre pool was built for the 1908 Olympics and was located in the centre of the main stadium's track and field oval. The 1912 Olympics, held in the Stockholm harbor, marked the beginning of electrical timing.

Male swimmers wore full body swimsuits up until the 1940s, which caused more drag in the water than their modern swim-wear counterparts. Also, over the years, pool designs have lessened the drag. Some design considerations allow for the reduction of swimming resistance making the pool faster. Namely, proper pool depth, elimination of waves, elimination of currents, increased lane width, energy absorbing racing lane lines and gutters, and the use of other innovative hydraulic, acoustic, illumination, and swimwear designs.

The 1924 Olympics were the first to use the standard 50 metre pool with marked lanes. In the freestyle, swimmers originally dove from the pool walls, but diving blocks were incorporated starting at the 1936 Summer Olympics. The flip-turn was developed by the 1950s. Swimming goggles were first allowed in 1976.

The butterfly stroke events were not held until 1956. Previous rules permitted the butterfly stroke in breaststroke races. After 1956, when these rules were changed, butterfly became its own stroke entirely.

Women were first allowed the longer distance of 800 metres freestyle in 1968, which remains the longest distance for women in the swimming pool. Up until then, women were considered to be too "delicate" to swim a race this long[citation needed], even though the men had had the 1,500 metre freestyle from the very early years.

Both men and women were granted the 200 metre freestyle race in 1968, giving swimmers an intermediate distance race between 100 metres and 400 metres.

Women's teams were first granted the 800 metre freestyle relay race in 1996 - even though there had been a men's relay race at that distance since 1912. At six Olympiads, the men had two freestyle relay races, but the women only had one. Now, both sexes have two.

The medley relay races (4×100 metres) were not held for men or for women until 1960, but they have continued in every Olympiad since then.

Starting in 2008, both men and women compete in 10 km open water marathon swim events.

List of Olympic medalists in swimming (men)

Current program

50 metres freestyle

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1988 Seoul Matt Biondi
 United States
Tom Jager
 United States
Gennadiy Prigoda
 Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona Alexander Popov
 Unified Team
Matt Biondi
 United States
Tom Jager
 United States
1996 Atlanta Alexander Popov
 Russia
Gary Hall Jr.
 United States
Fernando Scherer
 Brazil
2000 Sydney Anthony Ervin
 United States
none awarded Pieter van den Hoogenband
 Netherlands
Gary Hall Jr.
 United States
2004 Athens Gary Hall Jr.
 United States
Duje Draganja
 Croatia
Roland Mark Schoeman
 South Africa
2008 Beijing César Cielo
 Brazil
Amaury Leveaux
 France
Alain Bernard
 France
2012 London Florent Manaudou
 France
Cullen Jones
 United States
César Cielo
 Brazil
2016 Rio Anthony Ervin
 United States
Florent Manaudou
 France
Nathan Adrian
 United States
2020 Tokyo      

100 metres freestyle

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens Alfréd Hajós
 Hungary
Otto Herschmann
 Austria
none awarded
1900–1904 not included in the Olympic program
1908 London Charles Daniels
 United States
Zoltán Halmay
 Hungary
Harald Julin
 Sweden
1912 Stockholm Duke Kahanamoku
 United States
Cecil Healy
 Australasia
Ken Huszagh
 United States
1920 Antwerp Duke Kahanamoku
 United States
Pua Kealoha
 United States
Bill Harris
 United States
1924 Paris Johnny Weissmuller
 United States
Duke Kahanamoku
 United States
Samuel Kahanamoku
 United States
1928 Amsterdam Johnny Weissmuller
 United States
István Bárány
 Hungary
Katsuo Takaishi
 Japan
1932 Los Angeles Yasuji Miyazaki
 Japan
Tatsugo Kawaishi
 Japan
Albert Schwartz
 United States
1936 Berlin Ferenc Csik
 Hungary
Masanori Yusa
 Japan
Shigeo Arai
 Japan
1948 London Wally Ris
 United States
Alan Ford
 United States
Géza Kádas
 Hungary
1952 Helsinki Clarke Scholes
 United States
Hiroshi Suzuki
 Japan
Göran Larsson
 Sweden
1956 Melbourne Jon Henricks
 Australia
John Devitt
 Australia
Gary Chapman
 Australia
1960 Rome John Devitt
 Australia
Lance Larson
 United States
Manuel dos Santos
 Brazil
1964 Tokyo Don Schollander
 United States
Robert McGregor
 Great Britain
Hans-Joachim Klein
 United Team of Germany
1968 Mexico City Michael Wenden
 Australia
Ken Walsh
 United States
Mark Spitz
 United States
1972 Munich Mark Spitz
 United States
Jerry Heidenreich
 United States
Vladimir Bure
 Soviet Union
1976 Montreal Jim Montgomery
 United States
Jack Babashoff
 United States
Peter Nocke
 West Germany
1980 Moscow Jörg Woithe
 East Germany
Per Holmertz
 Sweden
Per Johansson
 Sweden
1984 Los Angeles Rowdy Gaines
 United States
Mark Stockwell
 Australia
Per Johansson
 Sweden
1988 Seoul Matt Biondi
 United States
Chris Jacobs
 United States
Stéphan Caron
 France
1992 Barcelona Alexander Popov
 Unified Team
Gustavo Borges
 Brazil
Stéphan Caron
 France
1996 Atlanta Alexander Popov
 Russia
Gary Hall Jr.
 United States
Gustavo Borges
 Brazil
2000 Sydney Pieter van den Hoogenband
 Netherlands
Alexander Popov
 Russia
Gary Hall Jr.
 United States
2004 Athens Pieter van den Hoogenband
 Netherlands
Roland Mark Schoeman
 South Africa
Ian Thorpe
 Australia
2008 Beijing Alain Bernard
 France
Eamon Sullivan
 Australia
César Cielo
 Brazil
Jason Lezak
 United States
2012 London Nathan Adrian
 United States
James Magnussen
 Australia
Brent Hayden
 Canada
2016 Rio Kyle Chalmers
 Australia
Pieter Timmers
 Belgium
Nathan Adrian
 United States
2020 Tokyo    

200 metres freestyle

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris Frederick Lane
 Australia
Zoltán Halmay
 Hungary
Karl Ruberl
 Austria
1904–1964 not included in the Olympic program
1968 Mexico City Michael Wenden
 Australia
Don Schollander
 United States
John Nelson
 United States
1972 Munich Mark Spitz
 United States
Steve Genter
 United States
Werner Lampe
 West Germany
1976 Montreal Bruce Furniss
 United States
John Naber
 United States
Jim Montgomery
 United States
1980 Moscow Sergey Koplyakov
 Soviet Union
Andrey Krylov
 Soviet Union
Graeme Brewer
 Australia
1984 Los Angeles Michael Gross
 West Germany
Mike Heath
 United States
Thomas Fahrner
 West Germany
1988 Seoul Duncan Armstrong
 Australia
Anders Holmertz
 Sweden
Matt Biondi
 United States
1992 Barcelona Yevgeny Sadovyi
 Unified Team
Anders Holmertz
 Sweden
Antti Kasvio
 Finland
1996 Atlanta Danyon Loader
 New Zealand
Gustavo Borges
 Brazil
Daniel Kowalski
 Australia
2000 Sydney Pieter van den Hoogenband
 Netherlands
Ian Thorpe
 Australia
Massimiliano Rosolino
 Italy
2004 Athens Ian Thorpe
 Australia
Pieter van den Hoogenband
 Netherlands
Michael Phelps
 United States
2008 Beijing Michael Phelps
 United States
Park Tae-hwan
 South Korea
Peter Vanderkaay
 United States
2012 London Yannick Agnel
 France
Park Tae-hwan
 South Korea
none awarded
Sun Yang
 China
2016 Rio Sun Yang
 China
Chad le Clos
 South Africa
Conor Dwyer
 United States
2020 Tokyo      

400 metres freestyle

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1908 London Henry Taylor
 Great Britain
Frank Beaurepaire
 Australasia
Otto Scheff
 Austria
1912 Stockholm George Hodgson
 Canada
Jack Hatfield
 Great Britain
Harold Hardwick
 Australasia
1920 Antwerp Norman Ross
 United States
Ludy Langer
 United States
George Vernot
 Canada
1924 Paris Johnny Weissmuller
 United States
Arne Borg
 Sweden
Andrew Charlton
 Australia
1928 Amsterdam Alberto Zorrilla
 Argentina
Andrew Charlton
 Australia
Arne Borg
 Sweden
1932 Los Angeles Buster Crabbe
 United States
Jean Taris
 France
Tsutomu Ōyokota
 Japan
1936 Berlin Jack Medica
 United States
Shunpei Uto
 Japan
Shozo Makino
 Japan
1948 London Bill Smith
 United States
Jimmy McLane
 United States
John Marshall
 Australia
1952 Helsinki Jean Boiteux
 France
Ford Konno
 United States
Per-Olof Östrand
 Sweden
1956 Melbourne Murray Rose
 Australia
Tsuyoshi Yamanaka
 Japan
George Breen
 United States
1960 Rome Murray Rose
 Australia
Tsuyoshi Yamanaka
 Japan
John Konrads
 Australia
1964 Tokyo Don Schollander
 United States
Frank Wiegand
 United Team of Germany
Allan Wood
 Australia
1968 Mexico City Mike Burton
 United States
Ralph Hutton
 Canada
Alain Mosconi
 France
1972 Munich Brad Cooper
 Australia
Steve Genter
 United States
Tom McBreen
 United States
1976 Montreal Brian Goodell
 United States
Tim Shaw
 United States
Vladimir Raskatov
 Soviet Union
1980 Moscow Vladimir Salnikov
 Soviet Union
Andrey Krylov
 Soviet Union
Ivar Stukolkin
 Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles George DiCarlo
 United States
John Mykkanen
 United States
Justin Lemberg
 Australia
1988 Seoul Uwe Dassler
 East Germany
Duncan Armstrong
 Australia
Artur Wojdat
 Poland
1992 Barcelona Yevgeny Sadovyi
 Unified Team
Kieren Perkins
 Australia
Anders Holmertz
 Sweden
1996 Atlanta Danyon Loader
 New Zealand
Paul Palmer
 Great Britain
Daniel Kowalski
 Australia
2000 Sydney Ian Thorpe
 Australia
Massimiliano Rosolino
 Italy
Klete Keller
 United States
2004 Athens Ian Thorpe
 Australia
Grant Hackett
 Australia
Klete Keller
 United States
2008 Beijing Park Tae-hwan
 South Korea
Zhang Lin
 China
Larsen Jensen
 United States
2012 London Sun Yang
 China
Park Tae-hwan
 South Korea
Peter Vanderkaay
 United States
2016 Rio Mack Horton
 Australia
Sun Yang
 China
Gabriele Detti
 Italy
2020 Tokyo  

1500 metres freestyle

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1908 London Henry Taylor
 Great Britain
Thomas Battersby
 Great Britain
Frank Beaurepaire
 Australasia
1912 Stockholm George Hodgson
 Canada
Jack Hatfield
 Great Britain
Harold Hardwick
 Australasia
1920 Antwerp Norman Ross
 United States
George Vernot
 Canada
Frank Beaurepaire
 Australia
1924 Paris Andrew Charlton
 Australia
Arne Borg
 Sweden
Frank Beaurepaire
 Australia
1928 Amsterdam Arne Borg
 Sweden
Andrew Charlton
 Australia
Buster Crabbe
 United States
1932 Los Angeles Kusuo Kitamura
 Japan
Shozo Makino
 Japan
Jim Cristy
 United States
1936 Berlin Noboru Terada
 Japan
Jack Medica
 United States
Shunpei Uto
 Japan
1948 London Jimmy McLane
 United States
John Marshall
 Australia
György Mitró
 Hungary
1952 Helsinki Ford Konno
 United States
Shiro Hashizume
 Japan
Tetsuo Okamoto
 Brazil
1956 Melbourne Murray Rose
 Australia
Tsuyoshi Yamanaka
 Japan
George Breen
 United States
1960 Rome John Konrads
 Australia
Murray Rose
 Australia
George Breen
 United States
1964 Tokyo Bob Windle
 Australia
John Nelson
 United States
Allan Wood
 Australia
1968 Mexico City Mike Burton
 United States
John Kinsella
 United States
Greg Brough
 Australia
1972 Munich Mike Burton
 United States
Graham Windeatt
 Australia
Doug Northway
 United States
1976 Montreal Brian Goodell
 United States
Bobby Hackett
 United States
Stephen Holland
 Australia
1980 Moscow Vladimir Salnikov
 Soviet Union
Aleksandr Chayev
 Soviet Union
Max Metzker
 Australia
1984 Los Angeles Mike O'Brien
 United States
George DiCarlo
 United States
Stefan Pfeiffer
 West Germany
1988 Seoul Vladimir Salnikov
 Soviet Union
Stefan Pfeiffer
 West Germany
Uwe Dassler
 East Germany
1992 Barcelona Kieren Perkins
 Australia
Glen Housman
 Australia
Jörg Hoffmann
 Germany
1996 Atlanta Kieren Perkins
 Australia
Daniel Kowalski
 Australia
Graeme Smith
 Great Britain
2000 Sydney Grant Hackett
 Australia
Kieren Perkins
 Australia
Chris Thompson
 United States
2004 Athens Grant Hackett
 Australia
Larsen Jensen
 United States
David Davies
 Great Britain
2008 Beijing Oussama Mellouli
 Tunisia
Grant Hackett
 Australia
Ryan Cochrane
 Canada
2012 London Sun Yang
 China
Ryan Cochrane
 Canada
Oussama Mellouli
 Tunisia
2016 Rio Gregorio Paltrinieri
 Italy
Connor Jaeger
 United States
Gabriele Detti
 Italy
2020 Tokyo      

100 metres backstroke

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1908 London Arno Bieberstein
 Germany
Ludvig Dam
 Denmark
Herbert Haresnape
 Great Britain
1912 Stockholm Harry Hebner
 United States
Otto Fahr
 Germany
Paul Kellner
 Germany
1920 Antwerp Warren Kealoha
 United States
Ray Kegeris
 United States
Gérard Blitz
 Belgium
1924 Paris Warren Kealoha
 United States
Paul Wyatt
 United States
Károly Bartha
 Hungary
1928 Amsterdam George Kojac
 United States
Walter Laufer
 United States
Paul Wyatt