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1908  London Summer Olympics

1908 Summer Olympics - The Results (Figure skating)

Figure skating at the 1908 London Summer Games

 

 

Host City: London, Great Britain
Date Started: October 28, 1908
Date Finished: October 29, 1908
Events: 4

Participants: 21 (14 men and 7 women) from 6 countries
Youngest Participant: GBR Arthur Cumming (19 years, 174 days)
Oldest Participant: GBR Edgar Syers (45 years, 225 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): GBR Madge Syers (2 medals)
Most Medals (Country): GBR Great Britain (6 medals)

21 figure skaters from 6 nations competed.

  •  Argentina (1)
  •  Germany (3)
  •  Great Britain (11)
  •  Russian Empire (1)
  •  Sweden (4)
  •  United States (1)
 

Overview

The 1908 Olympic Games contained events in figure skating for both men and women. Pre-dating the first Olympic Winter Games by 16 years, these were the first Winter Olympic events contested at the Modern Olympic Games.

This was the first time that an international figure skating competition saw men, women, and pairs compete at the same event. In addition, a fourth event, "Special Figures" was also held. This event never again appeared on the Olympic program but basically consisted of the school figures as a separate event.

Figure skating would not return to the Olympics until 1920 in Antwerp, as it was not held in 1912 at Stockholm.

 
  

Medal summary

Medalists

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's singles
details
Ulrich Salchow
 Sweden
Richard Johansson
 Sweden
Per Thorén
 Sweden
Men's special figures
details
Nikolai Panin
 Russian Empire
Arthur Cumming
 Great Britain
Geoffrey Hall-Say
 Great Britain
Ladies' singles
details
Madge Syers
 Great Britain
Elsa Rendschmidt
 Germany
Dorothy Greenhough-Smith
 Great Britain
Pairs
details
Anna Hübler
and Heinrich Burger
 Germany
Phyllis Johnson
and James H. Johnson
 Great Britain
Madge Syers
and Edgar Syers
 Great Britain
  

Medal table

 
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Great Britain 1 2 3 6
2  Sweden 1 1 1 3
3  Germany 1 1 0 2
4  Russian Empire 1 0 0 1
Totals (4 nations) 4 4 4 12
 

Men's Singles

 Host City: London, Great Britain
Venue(s): Prince's Skating Club, Montpelier Square, Knightsbridge
Date Started: October 28, 1908
Date Finished: October 29, 1908
Format: Each judge ranked each skater by Ordinal Placement from first through last place. The Ordinal Placement for each judge was based on Total Points awarded by that judge to the skaters. The points were based on 60% for Compulsory Figures and 40% for Free Skating. Final placement was determined by a Majority Placement rule. Thus, if a skater was ranked first by a majority of the judges, that skater was placed first overall, and the process was repeated for each place. If no absolute majority for a place existed, the tiebreakers were, in order: 1) Total Ordinals, 2) Total Points, 3) Compulsory Figure Points.

Competitors 9from 5 nations

Summary

Ulrich Salchow opened a large lead in the school figures. Although his countryman, Richard Johansson, defeated him in the free skating, it was not by a sufficient margin to prevent Salchow from winning the gold medal. Nikolay Panin was second after the compulsory figures, but withdrew before the free skating. Various reasons are given for the withdrawal, with two main possibilities: 1) he was upset at the judging which gave Salchow the lead, and 2) he became ill and was unable to continue.

Salchow was the dominant figure skater of the era. He was World Champion in 1901-1905, and 1907-1911. He did not compete in 1906, the only year of the decade in which he failed to win the title. In his career, Salchow also won nine European championships - 1898-1900, 1904, 1906-1907, 1909-1910, and 1913. He retired after 1913 but returned for the 1920 Olympics, finishing fourth, before retiring for good. He is today remembered by the popular figure skating jump termed the Salchow, in which the skater takes off from the back inside edge of one foot and lands backwards on the outside edge of the opposite foot. He also served as President of the International Skating Union from 1925-1937.

Results

Rank Name Nation CF FS Total points Places
1 Ulrich Salchow  Sweden 1 2 377.3 7
2 Richard Johansson  Sweden 4 1 365.2 10
3 Per Thorén  Sweden 6 3 357.4 14
4 J. Keiller Greig  Great Britain 5 4 310.9 19
5 Albert March  Great Britain 6 7 232.0 29
6 Irving Brokaw  United States 8 5 232.0 30
7 Horatio Torromé  Argentina 7 6 228.9 31
WD Nikolai Panin  Russian Empire 2      
WD Herbert Yglesias  Great Britain 9      

Referee:

  • United Kingdom Herbert G. Fowler

Judges:

  • Sweden Henning Grenander
  • Sweden Edvard Hörle
  • Switzerland Gustav Hügel
  • Russian Empire Georg Sanders
  • Germany Hermann Wendt

Compulsory Figures

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC MP TO TP  
1 Ulrich Salchow 30 Sweden SWE 3×1+ 7.0 1,172.5  
2 Nikolay Kolomenkin 34 Russia RUS 3×2+ 12.0 1,147.5  
3 Per Thorén 23 Sweden SWE 3×3+ 15.0 1,094.0  
4 Richard Johansson 25 Sweden SWE 4×3+ 16.0 1,070.0  
5 Keiller Greig 26 Great Britain GBR 5×5+ 25.0 938.5  
6 Albert March   Great Britain GBR 3×6+ 33.0 761.0  
7 Horatio Torromé   Argentina ARG 3×7+ 39.0 703.5  
8 Irving Brokaw 38 United States USA 4×8+ 38.0 718.0  
9 Henry Yglesias 40 Great Britain GBR 3×8+ 40.0 703.5  

Compulsory Figures Judge #1

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Ulrich Salchow 30 Sweden SWE 1.0 224.0  
2 Nikolay Kolomenkin 34 Russia RUS 2.0 215.0  
3 Richard Johansson 25 Sweden SWE 3.0 196.0  
4 Per Thorén 23 Sweden SWE 4.0 192.0  
5 Keiller Greig 26 Great Britain GBR 5.0 190.0  
6 Albert March   Great Britain GBR 6.0 140.0  
7 Horatio Torromé   Argentina ARG 7.0 127.5  
8 Irving Brokaw 38 United States USA 8.0 123.0  
9 Henry Yglesias 40 Great Britain GBR 9.0 107.0  

Compulsory Figures Judge #2

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Ulrich Salchow 30 Sweden SWE 1.0 253.0  
2 Per Thorén 23 Sweden SWE 2.0 247.5  
3 Richard Johansson 25 Sweden SWE 3.0 235.5  
4 Nikolay Kolomenkin 34 Russia RUS 4.0 232.5  
5 Keiller Greig 26 Great Britain GBR 5.0 201.5  
6 Albert March   Great Britain GBR 6.0 166.5  
7 Horatio Torromé   Argentina ARG 7.0 149.0  
8T Irving Brokaw 38 United States USA 8.5 148.5  
8T Henry Yglesias 40 Great Britain GBR 8.5 148.5  

Compulsory Figures Judge #3

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Ulrich Salchow 30 Sweden SWE 1.0 246.0  
2 Per Thorén 23 Sweden SWE 2.0 243.0  
3 Richard Johansson 25 Sweden SWE 3.0 234.0  
4 Nikolay Kolomenkin 34 Russia RUS 4.0 232.0  
5 Keiller Greig 26 Great Britain GBR 5.0 175.0  
6T Irving Brokaw 38 United States USA 6.5 149.0  
6T Henry Yglesias 40 Great Britain GBR 6.5 149.0  
8 Albert March   Great Britain GBR 8.0 145.5  
9 Horatio Torromé   Argentina ARG 9.0 140.0  

Compulsory Figures Judge #4

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Nikolay Kolomenkin 34 Russia RUS 1.0 235.0  
2 Ulrich Salchow 30 Sweden SWE 2.0 218.0  
3 Richard Johansson 25 Sweden SWE 3.0 199.5  
4 Per Thorén 23 Sweden SWE 4.0 194.0  
5 Keiller Greig 26 Great Britain GBR 5.0 173.0  
6 Irving Brokaw 38 United States USA 6.0 140.0  
7 Albert March   Great Britain GBR 7.0 137.0  
8 Henry Yglesias 40 Great Britain GBR 8.0 135.5  
9 Horatio Torromé   Argentina ARG 9.0 122.5  

Compulsory Figures Judge #5

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Nikolay Kolomenkin 34 Russia RUS 1.0 233.0  
2 Ulrich Salchow 30 Sweden SWE 2.0 231.5  
3 Per Thorén 23 Sweden SWE 3.0 217.5  
4 Richard Johansson 25 Sweden SWE 4.0 205.0  
5 Keiller Greig 26 Great Britain GBR 5.0 199.0  
6 Albert March   Great Britain GBR 6.0 172.0  
7 Horatio Torromé   Argentina ARG 7.0 164.5  
8 Henry Yglesias 40 Great Britain GBR 8.0 163.5  
9 Irving Brokaw 38 United States USA 9.0 157.5  

Free Skating

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC MP TO TP  
1 Richard Johansson 25 Sweden SWE 4×2+ 7.5 756.0  
2 Ulrich Salchow 30 Sweden SWE 3×2+ 13.0 714.0  
3 Per Thorén 23 Sweden SWE 4×3+ 13.0 693.0  
4 Keiller Greig 26 Great Britain GBR 5×4+ 16.5 616.0  
5 Irving Brokaw 38 United States USA 5×6+ 27.0 483.0  
6 Horatio Torromé   Argentina ARG 4×6+ 29.5 441.0  
7 Albert March   Great Britain GBR 5×7+ 33.5 399.0  

Free Skating Judge #1

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1T Richard Johansson 25 Sweden SWE 1.5 140.0  
1T Keiller Greig 26 Great Britain GBR 1.5 140.0  
3 Ulrich Salchow 30 Sweden SWE 3.0 133.0  
4 Per Thorén 23 Sweden SWE 4.0 126.0  
5T Irving Brokaw 38 United States USA 5.5 84.0  
5T Albert March   Great Britain GBR 5.5 84.0  
7 Horatio Torromé   Argentina ARG 7.0 70.0  

Free Skating Judge #2

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Richard Johansson 25 Sweden SWE 1.0 161.0  
2 Ulrich Salchow 30 Sweden SWE 2.0 147.0  
3 Per Thorén 23 Sweden SWE 3.0 140.0  
4 Keiller Greig 26 Great Britain GBR 4.0 126.0  
5T Irving Brokaw 38 United States USA 5.5 98.0  
5T Horatio Torromé   Argentina ARG 5.5 98.0  
7 Albert March   Great Britain GBR 7.0 91.0  

Free Skating Judge #3

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Per Thorén 23 Sweden SWE 1.0 154.0  
2T Richard Johansson 25 Sweden SWE 2.5 147.0  
2T Ulrich Salchow 30 Sweden SWE 2.5 147.0  
4 Keiller Greig 26 Great Britain GBR 4.0 98.0  
5T Irving Brokaw 38 United States USA 5.5 91.0  
5T Horatio Torromé   Argentina ARG 5.5 91.0  
7 Albert March   Great Britain GBR 7.0 63.0  

Free Skating Judge #4

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Richard Johansson 25 Sweden SWE 1.0 154.0  
2 Per Thorén 23 Sweden SWE 2.0 147.0  
3 Keiller Greig 26 Great Britain GBR 3.0 140.0  
4 Ulrich Salchow 30 Sweden SWE 4.0 133.0  
5 Irving Brokaw 38 United States USA 5.0 126.0  
6 Horatio Torromé   Argentina ARG 6.0 98.0  
7 Albert March   Great Britain GBR 7.0 91.0  

Free Skating Judge #5

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1T Richard Johansson 25 Sweden SWE 1.5 154.0  
1T Ulrich Salchow 30 Sweden SWE 1.5 154.0  
3 Per Thorén 23 Sweden SWE 3.0 126.0  
4 Keiller Greig 26 Great Britain GBR 4.0 112.0  
5T Irving Brokaw 38 United States USA 5.5 84.0  
5T Horatio Torromé   Argentina ARG 5.5 84.0  
7 Albert March   Great Britain GBR 7.0 70.0  

Men's Special Figures

Host City: London, Great Britain
Venue(s): Prince's Skating Club, Montpelier Square, Knightsbridge
Date Started: October 29, 1908
Date Finished: October 29, 1908

Competitors 3from 2 nations

Summary

The winner of this event was the interesting Russian skater and athlete, Nikolay Kolomenkin, who competed in figure skating under the pseudonym of Nikolay Panin, presumably because sports were considered undignified by the elite in Russian society in that era. He later (1910) wrote a landmark work on the international style of figure skating, although it was never translated into English. Kolomenkin-Panin also competed in shooting at the 1912 Olympic Games, finishing 4th in a team event.

Gold medalist Nikolai Panin's real name was Nikolai Kolomenkin, but he competed under the pseudonym "Panin". Each competitor performed two figures.

Rank Name Nation Total points Places
1 Nikolai Panin  Russian Empire 43.8 5
2 Arthur Cumming  Great Britain 32.8 10
3 Geoffrey Hall-Say  Great Britain 20.8 15

Referee:

  • United Kingdom Herbert G. Fowler

Judges:

  • Sweden Henning Grenander
  • Sweden Edvard Hörle
  • Switzerland Gustav Hügel
  • Germany Hermann Wendt
  • Russian Empire Georg Sanders

Mixed Pairs

Host City: London, Great Britain
Venue(s): Prince's Skating Club, Montpelier Square, Knightsbridge
Date Started: October 29, 1908
Date Finished: October 29, 1908
Format: Each judge ranked each pair by Ordinal Placement from first through last place. The Ordinal Placement for each judge was based on Total Points awarded by that judge to the pairs. Final placement was determined by a Majority Placement rule. Thus, if a pair were ranked first by a majority of the judges, that pair was placed first overall, and the process was repeated for each place. If no absolute majority for a place existed, the tiebreakers were, in order: 1) Total Ordinals, 2) Total Points, 3) Compulsory Figure Points.

Competitors 6from 2 nations

Summary

A World Championship in pairs skating was held for the first time in 1908, in St. Petersburg, Russia, and it was won by the German pair of Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger. Hübler and Berger also won the 1908 Olympic title, defeating two British pairs. In 3rd place was the husband and wife team of Madge and Edgar Syers. Madge Syers' gold in ladies' singles and bronze in pairs makes her one of only two skaters to have medalled in pairs and an individual event at the same Olympics - the other being Ernst Baier of Germany in 1936. The second-place team of Phyllis and James Johnson (GBR) were also a married couple.

Twelve years later, silver medalist Phyllis Johnson would capture a bronze medal with a new partner at the 1920 Olympics.

Rank Name Nation Total points Places
1 Anna Hübler / Heinrich Burger  Germany 11.20 5
2 Phyllis Johnson / James H. Johnson  Great Britain 10.30 11
3 Madge Syers / Edgar Syers  Great Britain 9.60 14

Referee:

  • United Kingdom Herbert G. Fowler

Judges:

  • Germany Hermann Wendt
  • Switzerland Gustav Hügel
  • Argentina Horatio Torromé
  • United Kingdom Harry D. Faith
  • Russian Empire Georg Sanders

Women's Singles

Host City: London, Great Britain
Venue(s): Prince's Skating Club, Montpelier Square, Knightsbridge
Date Started: October 28, 1908
Date Finished: October 29, 1908
Format: Each judge ranked each skater by Ordinal Placement from first through last place. The Ordinal Placement for each judge was based on Total Points awarded by that judge to the skaters. The points were based on 60% for Compulsory Figures and 40% for Free Skating. Final placement was determined by a Majority Placement rule. Thus, if a skater was ranked first by a majority of the judges, that skater was placed first overall, and the process was repeated for each place. If no absolute majority for a place existed, the tiebreakers were, in order: 1) Total Ordinals, 2) Total Points, 3) Compulsory Figure Points.

Competitors 5from 3 nations

Summary

Madge Cave Syers won this title quite comfortably. She was easily the top female skater of the era. Women's world championships did not begin until 1906, but Syers won the first two events in 1906 and 1907. Prior to that time, women competed against men and Syers won the British "men's" championship in 1903 and 1904. At the 1902 World Championship, Madge Syers placed second to Ulrich Salchow. The only other top female skater of the era who might have challenged Syers was Lily Kronberger of Hungary, World Champion from 1908-1911, but she failed to compete at the 1908 Olympics.

Without rivals Jenny Herz and Lily Kronberger present at the Olympics, Great Britain's Madge Syers easily won the gold medal.

Rank Name Nation CF FS Total points Places
1 Madge Syers  Great Britain 1 1 252.5 5
2 Elsa Rendschmidt  Germany 2 2 211.0 11
3 Dorothy Greenhough-Smith  Great Britain 3 3 192.1 15
4 Elna Montgomery  Sweden 4 5 170.3 21
5 Gwendolyn Lycett  Great Britain 5 4 164.0 23

Referee:

  • United Kingdom Herbert G. Fowler

Judges:

  • United Kingdom Harry D. Faith
  • Sweden Edvard Hörle
  • Switzerland Gustav Hügel
  • Russian Empire Georg Sanders
  • Germany Hermann Wendt
  

Compulsory Figures

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC MP TO TP  
1 Madge Syers 26 Great Britain GBR 5×1+ 5.0 767.5  
2 Elsa Rendschmidt 22 Germany GER 5×3+ 12.5 613.5  
3 Dorothy Greenhough-Smith 25 Great Britain GBR 4×3+ 13.5 605.0  
4 Elna Montgomery 22 Sweden SWE 5×4+ 19.0 545.5  
5 Gwendolyn Lycett   Great Britain GBR 5×5+ 25.0 469.0  

Compulsory Figures Judge #1

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Madge Syers 26 Great Britain GBR 1.0 147.5  
2 Dorothy Greenhough-Smith 25 Great Britain GBR 2.0 129.0  
3 Elsa Rendschmidt 22 Germany GER 3.0 116.0  
4 Elna Montgomery 22 Sweden SWE 4.0 104.5  
5 Gwendolyn Lycett   Great Britain GBR 5.0 87.5  

Compulsory Figures Judge #2

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Madge Syers 26 Great Britain GBR 1.0 150.5  
2T Dorothy Greenhough-Smith 25 Great Britain GBR 2.5 125.5  
2T Elsa Rendschmidt 22 Germany GER 2.5 125.5  
4 Elna Montgomery 22 Sweden SWE 4.0 103.5  
5 Gwendolyn Lycett   Great Britain GBR 5.0 93.5  

Compulsory Figures Judge #3

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Madge Syers 26 Great Britain GBR 1.0 163.0  
2 Dorothy Greenhough-Smith 25 Great Britain GBR 2.0 119.0  
3 Elsa Rendschmidt 22 Germany GER 3.0 112.0  
4 Elna Montgomery 22 Sweden SWE 4.0 111.5  
5 Gwendolyn Lycett   Great Britain GBR 5.0 97.5  

Compulsory Figures Judge #4

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Madge Syers 26 Great Britain GBR 1.0 154.0  
2 Elsa Rendschmidt 22 Germany GER 2.0 121.5  
3 Dorothy Greenhough-Smith 25 Great Britain GBR 3.0 113.0  
4 Elna Montgomery 22 Sweden SWE 4.0 107.0  
5 Gwendolyn Lycett   Great Britain GBR 5.0 88.0  

Compulsory Figures Judge #5

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Madge Syers 26 Great Britain GBR 1.0 152.5  
2 Elsa Rendschmidt 22 Germany GER 2.0 138.5  
3 Elna Montgomery 22 Sweden SWE 3.0 119.0  
4 Dorothy Greenhough-Smith 25 Great Britain GBR 4.0 118.5  
5 Gwendolyn Lycett   Great Britain GBR 5.0 102.5  

Free Skating

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC MP TO TP  
1 Madge Syers 26 Great Britain GBR 4×1+ 5.5 495.0  
2 Elsa Rendschmidt 22 Germany GER 5×2+ 9.5 441.5  
3 Dorothy Greenhough-Smith 25 Great Britain GBR 3×3+ 17.5 355.5  
4 Gwendolyn Lycett   Great Britain GBR 3×4+ 19.5 351.0  
5 Elna Montgomery 22 Sweden SWE 5×5+ 23.0 306.0  

Free Skating Judge #1

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Madge Syers 26 Great Britain GBR 1.0 108.0  
2 Elsa Rendschmidt 22 Germany GER 2.0 85.5  
3 Dorothy Greenhough-Smith 25 Great Britain GBR 3.0 81.0  
4 Gwendolyn Lycett   Great Britain GBR 4.0 76.5  
5 Elna Montgomery 22 Sweden SWE 5.0 63.0  

Free Skating Judge #2

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1T Elsa Rendschmidt 22 Germany GER 1.5 85.5  
1T Madge Syers 26 Great Britain GBR 1.5 85.5  
3 Dorothy Greenhough-Smith 25 Great Britain GBR 3.0 81.0  
4 Elna Montgomery 22 Sweden SWE 4.0 63.0  
5 Gwendolyn Lycett   Great Britain GBR 5.0 58.5  

Free Skating Judge #3

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Madge Syers 26 Great Britain GBR 1.0 103.5  
2 Elsa Rendschmidt 22 Germany GER 2.0 99.0  
3 Gwendolyn Lycett   Great Britain GBR 3.0 90.0  
4T Dorothy Greenhough-Smith 25 Great Britain GBR 4.5 63.0  
4T Elna Montgomery 22 Sweden SWE 4.5 63.0  

Free Skating Judge #4

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Madge Syers 26 Great Britain GBR 1.0 108.0  
2 Elsa Rendschmidt 22 Germany GER 2.0 90.0  
3 Gwendolyn Lycett   Great Britain GBR 3.0 72.0  
4 Dorothy Greenhough-Smith 25 Great Britain GBR 4.0 67.5  
5 Elna Montgomery 22 Sweden SWE 5.0 63.0  

Free Skating Judge #5

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC O TP  
1 Madge Syers 26 Great Britain GBR 1.0 90.0  
2 Elsa Rendschmidt 22 Germany GER 2.0 81.5  
3 Dorothy Greenhough-Smith 25 Great Britain GBR 3.0 63.0  
4T Gwendolyn Lycett   Great Britain GBR 4.5 54.0  
4T Elna Montgomery 22 Sweden SWE 4.5 54.0  

 

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