Sport-Olympic.com

  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

1908  London Summer Olympics

1908 Summer Olympics - The Results (Rowing)

Rowing at the 1908 London Summer Games

 

 

Host City: London, Great Britain
Date Started: July 28, 1908
Date Finished: July 31, 1908
Events: 4

Participants: 81 (81 men and 0 women) from 8 countries
Youngest Participant: CAN Geoffrey Taylor (18 years, 174 days)
Oldest Participant: CAN Joe Wright, Sr. (44 years, 197 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 6 athletes with 2 medals
Most Medals (Country): GBR Great Britain (8 medals)

81 rowers from 8 nations competed.

  •  Belgium (10)
  •  Canada (13)
  •  Germany (3)
  •  Great Britain (30)
  •  Hungary (11)
  •  Italy (1)
  •  Netherlands (4)
  •  Norway (9)
  

Overview

The 1908 Olympic rowing events were held at [Henley-on-Thames], Oxfordshire, long the site of the famous Henley Royal Regatta. Henley would also serve as the site of the 1948 Olympic rowing competition. Because of the set-up of the Henley course, only two crews or sculls usually competed at any one time, although in a few cases in 1948, three crews competed in one race. The rowers started at either Berks (Berkshire) Station or Bucks (Buckinghamshire) Station, referring to whether the boat began on the Berkshire (south) or Buckinghamshire (north) side of Temple Island, an island just downstream (north) of Henley-on-Thames. The 2012 Olympic rowing competition could not be held at Henley because FISA (Fédération Internationale des Sociétés d'Aviron) now requires the rowing events to be held on a still-water lake, with no current, and able to accommodate a field of six boats at one time.

There were only four rowing events in 1908 – single sculls, coxless pairs, coxless fours, and coxed eights. Eight nations competed but Great Britain won all four events, and won 8 of the 16 available medals.

  

Medal summary

Event Gold Silver Bronze Bronze
Single sculls

 Harry Blackstaffe (GBR)  Alexander McCulloch (GBR)  Bernhard von Gaza (GER)  Károly Levitzky (HUN)
Coxless pair

 John Fenning
and Gordon Thomson (GBR)
 George Fairbairn
and Philip Verdon (GBR)
 Frederick Toms
and Norway Jackes (CAN)
 Martin Stahnke
and Willy Düskow (GER)
Coxless four

 Great Britain (GBR)
Collier Cudmore
James Angus Gillan
Duncan Mackinnon
John Somers-Smith
 Great Britain (GBR)
Philip Filleul
Harold Barker
John Fenning
Gordon Thomson
 Canada (CAN)
Gordon Balfour
Becher Gale
Charles Riddy
Geoffrey Taylor
 Netherlands (NED)
Hermannus Höfte
Albertus Wielsma
Johan Burk
Bernardus Croon
Eights

 Great Britain (GBR)
Albert Gladstone
Frederick Kelly
Banner Johnstone
Guy Nickalls
Charles Burnell
Ronald Sanderson
Raymond Etherington-Smith
Henry Bucknall
Gilchrist Maclagan
 Belgium (BEL)
Oscar Taelman
Marcel Morimont
Rémy Orban
Georges Mys
François Vergucht
Polydore Veirman
Oscar de Somville
Rodolphe Poma
Alfred Van Landeghem
 Canada (CAN)
Irvine Robertson
Joseph Wright
Julius Thomson
Walter Lewis
Gordon Balfour
Becher Gale
Charles Riddy
Geoffrey Taylor
Douglas Kertland
 Great Britain (GBR)
Frank Jerwood
Eric Powell
Oswald Carver
Edward Williams
Henry Goldsmith
Harold Kitching
John Burn
Douglas Stuart
Richard Boyle
  

Medal table

 
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Great Britain (GBR) 4 3 1 8
2  Belgium (BEL) 0 1 0 1
3  Canada (CAN) 0 0 3 3
4  Germany (GER) 0 0 2 2
5  Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
 Netherlands (NED) 0 0 1 1
Totals (6 nations) 4 4 8 16
 

Men's Single Sculls

 Host City: London, Great Britain
Venue(s): Henley Royal Regatta Course, Henley-on-Thames
Date Started: July 28, 1908
Date Finished: July 31, 1908
Format: 1½ miles

Competitors9from 6 nations

Standings

Place Rower Nation
1 Harry Blackstaffe  Great Britain
2 Alexander McCulloch  Great Britain
3 Bernhard von Gaza  Germany
Károly Levitzky  Hungary
5 Walter Bowler  Canada
Gino Ciabatti  Italy
Jozef Hermans  Belgium
Lewis Scholes  Canada
9 Ernő Killer  Hungary
 

Final

McCulloch took the early lead, but started by pulling fewer strokes than Blackstaffe. McCulloch opened up by a length and led through 1200 yards before being caught by Blackstaffe. At 1 mile, Blackstaffe pulled ahead by ¾ of a length and held this lead to the finish.

Place Rower Nation Time
1 Harry Blackstaffe  Great Britain 9:26.0
2 Alexander McCulloch  Great Britain (9:27.5)

Semifinals

 

Semifinal 1

Place Rower Nation Time
1 Alexander McCulloch  Great Britain 10:22.0
2 Károly Levitzky  Hungary Unknown

Semifinal 2

von Gaza fell ill at the 1500m mark, leaving Blackstaffe to ease off and win.

Place Rower Nation Time
1 Harry Blackstaffe  Great Britain 10:14.0
- Bernhard von Gaza  Germany DNF

Quarterfinals

 

Quarterfinal 1

Place Rower Nation Time
1 Bernhard von Gaza  Germany 9:47.0
2 Lewis Scholes  Canada Unknown

Quarterfinal 2

Place Rower Nation Time
1 Károly Levitzky  Hungary 10:08.0
2 Gino Ciabatti  Italy Unknown

Quarterfinal 3

Bowler capsized, leaving Blackstaffe with the win.

Place Rower Nation Time
1 Harry Blackstaffe  Great Britain 10:03.0
DNF Walter Bowler  Canada -

Quarterfinal 4

Place Rower Nation Time
1 Alexander McCulloch  Great Britain 10:08.0
2 Jozef Hermans  Belgium Unknown

First round

Heat 1

Von Gaza won easily, and Killer abandoned the race after the German crossed the finish line.

Place Rower Nation Time
1 Bernhard von Gaza  Germany 9:35.0
DNF Ernő Killer  Hungary -

Men's Coxless Pairs

Host City: London, Great Britain
Venue(s): Henley Royal Regatta Course, Henley-on-Thames
Date Started: July 28, 1908
Date Finished: July 31, 1908
Format: 1½ miles

Competitors 8from 3 nations

Summary

The European championship had always been won by a Belgian or Italian pair, although with coxswain, but neither nation entered a pair. At Henley, the event for coxless pairs is The Silver Goblets and Nickalls Challenge Cup. It was won in 1906-1907 by Banner Johnstone and Ronald Powell, and in 1908 by Harold Barker and Albert Gladstone, but neither pair entered the Olympic event. Johnstone and Gladstone competed at the Olympics for Leander in the winning eight-oared crew, while Barker competed for the gold-medal winning Leander four.

The Olympic final came down to the two British pairs, both representing the Leander Club. Fenning and Thomson opened on 38 strokes and opened 3/4 length lead by the time they passed Temple Island. They continued to pull away and were never really challenged.

Standings

Place Bow Stroke Nation
1 John Fenning Gordon Thomson  Great Britain
2 George Fairbairn Philip Verdon  Great Britain
3 Frederick Toms Norway Jackes  Canada
Martin Stahnke Willy Düskow  Germany

Final

Place Bow Stroke Nation Time
1 John Fenning Gordon Thomson  Great Britain 9:41.0
2 George Fairbairn Philip Verdon  Great Britain Unknown

Semifinals

 

Semifinal 1

Place Bow Stroke Nation Time
1 John Fenning Gordon Thomson  Great Britain 9:46.0
2 Frederick Toms Norway Jackes  Canada Unknown

Semifinal 2

Place Bow Stroke Nation Time
1 George Fairbairn Philip Verdon  Great Britain 11:05.0
2 Martin Stahnke Willy Düskow  Germany Unknown

Men's Coxless Fours

Host City: London, Great Britain
Venue(s): Henley Royal Regatta Course, Henley-on-Thames
Date Started: July 28, 1908
Date Finished: July 31, 1908
Format: 1½ miles

Competitors 16from 3 nations

Summary

The Magdalen College (Oxford) Boat Club had won the Stewards' Challenge Cup at Henley in both 1907 and 1908. The winners in 1905-06 had been a four representing the Leander Club, so the final of this event brought the two top fours from Britain over the past few years. European championships in this era were only held for coxed fours, and Belgian and Italy dominated this class, but did not enter for the Olympics.

In the final, the Magdalen four opened at 38 strokes and was a length ahead at the half-way point. The Oxonian crew gradually increased their lead to win by a margin described variously as 1 or 2 lengths.

Standings

Place Bow Rowers Stroke Nation
1 Collier Cudmore James Angus Gillan
Duncan Mackinnon
John Somers-Smith  Great Britain
2 Philip Filleul Harold Barker
John Fenning
Gordon Thomson  Great Britain
3 Gordon Balfour Becher Gale
Charles Riddy
Geoffrey Taylor  Canada
Hermannus Höfte Albertus Wielsma
Johan Burk
Bernardus Croon  Netherlands

Final

Place Bow Rowers Stroke Nation Time
1 Collier Cudmore James Angus Gillan
Duncan Mackinnon
John Somers-Smith  Great Britain 8:34.0
2 Philip Filleul Harold Barker
John Fenning
Gordon Thomson  Great Britain Unknown

Semifinals

Semifinal 1

The British four won by 2¼ lengths.

Semifinal 2
Place Bow Rowers Stroke Nation Time
1 Collier Cudmore James Angus Gillan
Duncan Mackinnon
John Somers-Smith  Great Britain 8:34.0
2 Gordon Balfour Becher Gale
Charles Riddy
Geoffrey Taylor  Canada (8:40.5)
Place Bow Rowers Stroke Nation Time
1 Philip Filleul Harold Barker
John Fenning
Gordon Thomson  Great Britain 9:04.0
2 Hermannus Höfte Albertus Wielsma
Johan Burk
Bernardus Croon  Netherlands Unknown

Men's Coxed Eights

Host City: London, Great Britain
Venue(s): Henley Royal Regatta Course, Henley-on-Thames
Date Started: July 29, 1908
Date Finished: July 31, 1908
Format: 1½ miles

Competitors 54from 5 nations

Summary

The greatest eight in the world in 1908 was considered to be the Belgian crew representing the Royal Club Nautique de Gand. They had won the European championship from 1906-1908 and a Belgian eight had won that title every year from 1897-1910 with the exception of 1905 and 1909. At Henley, the Royal Club Nautique de Gand won the Grand Challenge Cup (for eights) in 1906-07 and 1909. Leander Club had an eight win the Grand Challenge Cup in 1903-05, while the 1908 title went to an Oxford crew representing the Christ Church College Boat Club. The top American eight was the team from Vesper Boat Club in Philadelphia, which had won the Olympic championship in 1900 and 1904, but Vesper did not enter the 1908 Olympic rowing regatta.

The two favored crews came through to the final, although both had reasonable competition in the early rounds. Leander went out at 42 strokes and Gand at 43 strokes. Leander went ahead by -length as they passed Temple Island. Shortly after one mile, Gand pulled even and may have even led briefly but it was a futile effort which exhausted them. Leander pulled away easily after passing Phyllis Court and won by 2 lengths. All the members of the Leander crew had rowed for Oxford or Cambridge.

Medal summary

Gold Silver Bronze Bronze
 Great Britain (GBR)
Leander
Albert Gladstone
Frederick Kelly
Banner Johnstone
Guy Nickalls
Charles Burnell
Ronald Sanderson
Raymond Etherington-Smith
Henry Bucknall
Gilchrist Maclagan
 Belgium (BEL)
Royal Club Nautique de Gand
Oscar Taelman
Marcel Morimont
Rémy Orban
Georges Mys
François Vergucht
Polydore Veirman
Oscar de Somville
Rodolphe Poma
Alfred Van Landeghem
 Canada (CAN)
Argonaut
Irvine Robertson
Joseph Wright
Julius Thomson
Walter Lewis
Gordon Balfour
Becher Gale
Charles Riddy
Geoffrey Taylor
Douglas Kertland
 Great Britain (GBR)
Cambridge
Frank Jerwood
Eric Powell
Oswald Carver
Edward Williams
Henry Goldsmith
Harold Kitching
John Burn
Douglas Stuart
Richard Boyle

Starting list

The following boats and/or rowing clubs participated:

  •  Belgium Royal Club Nautique de Grand (colours: red, yellow and black; red and white oars)
  •  Canada Toronto Argonaut (colours: light and dark blue)
  •  Great Britain Cambridge (colours: light blue)
  •  Great Britain Leander (colours: cerise)
  •  Hungary Pannónia Evezős Egylet/Magyar Evezős Szövetség (colours: red, white and green)
  •  Norway Norges Roforbund (colours: red, white and blue)

Quarterfinal 2: Leander (on the outside) vs. Hungary

Final

The final was held on Friday, July 31.

Final: 3.15 p.m. The Belgians started at their full pace and perfectly together, rowing 12, 23, and 43. Leander, showing beautiful precision and great power, went off at 11, 22, and 42. Only, however, by about six inches did the English crew keep ahead until they had passed the island, up which both eights went at a tremendous pace and nearly dead level. But Leander were gaining about an inch at every stroke, and by the first signal they had half a length in hand. The Belgians spurted suddenly at about half a mile from the start, but Leander answered them at once in no uncertain fashion, and Henry Bucknall's timely qicken brought his men three-quarters of a length ahead at halfway, which the leaders passed in 3:34. Once more the Belgian stroke made a great effort, and his men responded gamely, but it took too much out of them. They had faltered once before, and recovered themselves with the greatest courage. This time they rolled badly, and for a moment seemed to go to pieces. Like a flash the English crew went away from them, and, with a quarter of a length clear water between the boats. The Belgians spurted again and again as they neared the grand stand, but human nature could do no more. Leander pulled away again, eventually winning by two lengths in a time of 7 min. 52 sec.

Final
Place Boat Bow Rowers Rowers Stroke Cox Time
Gold  Leander (GBR) Albert Gladstone Frederick Kelly
Banner Johnstone
Guy Nickalls
Charles Burnell
Ronald Sanderson
Raymond Etherington-Smith
Henry Bucknall Gilchrist Maclagan 7:52.0
Silver  Royal Club Nautique de Grand (BEL) Oscar Taelman Marcel Morimont
Rémy Orban
Georges Mys
François Vergucht
Polydore Veirman
Oscar de Somville
Rodolphe Poma Alfred Van Landeghem (7:57.5)

Semifinals

Both semifinals were held on Thursday, July 30.

Semifinal 1: 1.15 p.m. The Canadians started at 43 to Leander 's 40, but were beaten for speed by the top of the island and were one and a quarter lengths behind at halfway. The home team were never allowed to take it too easily, though they were usually able to stall off all the plucky efforts made by the Argonauts, who kept on rushing at them, their stroke's spurts being splendidly backed up by his crew who worked like Trojans to the finish, and that last spurt on the Berkshire shore will not easily be forgotten as an example of indomitable courage against a much superior crew, as Leander won by a length.

Semifinal 1
Place Boat Bow Rowers Rowers Stroke Cox Time Qual.
1  Leander (GBR) Albert Gladstone Frederick Kelly
Banner Johnstone
Guy Nickalls
Charles Burnell
Ronald Sanderson
Raymond Etherington-Smith
Henry Bucknall Gilchrist Maclagan 8:12.0 QF
Bronze  Toronto Argonaut (CAN) Irvine Robertson Joseph Wright
Julius Thomson
Walter Lewis
Gordon Balfour
Becher Gale
Charles Riddy
Geoffrey Taylor Douglas Kertland (8:14.9)  

Semifinal 2: 3.45 p.m. Any advantage which the Belgians may have had from the slight bend in their favour in the first part of the course was counterbalanced by the wind off the bushes. They started at 43, but Cambridge were faster at 40, and both boats went dead level all up the island. They still fought for the lead the whole way to Remenham, where the Belgian canvas was a few inches in front. Here the English faltered a trifle, but Douglas Stuart and John Burn pulled them together again, and Cambridge were soon going great guns and racing splendidly. But the Belgian crew was the more perfectly together, and therefore managed to get a lead of about 20 feet at halfway and to increase it afterwards, for they were not so exhaused by their previous efforts as the Cambridge crew, who showed unmistakable signs of staleness, and in a short time began to go to pieces. There was clear water between the boats after a mile and a quarter had been rowed, and here Stuart's spurt took the last ounce out of his men, who worked with great determination, but were no longer rowing together. The result was that when the strain came the crew disintegrated, but they never stopped shoving till the flag fell. The Belgians won by a length and a third. This race was the only rowing heat in which a British boat was defeated by a visiting nation. In each of the other three events, the two British boats won both semifinals.

Semifinal 2
Place Boat Bow Rowers Rowers Stroke Cox Time Qual.
1  Royal Club Nautique de Grand (BEL) Oscar Taelman Marcel Morimont
Rémy Orban
Georges Mys
François Vergucht
Polydore Veirman
Oscar de Somville
Rodolphe Poma Alfred Van Landeghem 8:22.0 QF
Bronze  Cambridge (GBR) Frank Jerwood Eric Powell
Oswald Carver
Edward Williams
Henry Goldsmith
Harold Kitching
John Burn
Douglas Stuart Richard Boyle (8:25.9)  

Quarterfinals

All heats were held on Wednesday, July 29.

Quarterfinal 1: 1 p.m. Both started at 39 with a good following wind which blew slightly off the bushes at the start. Canada led at once and kept a fast stroke going for longer than Norway, which resulted in their getting nearly two lengths by halfway; Norway made tremendous efforts from this point, but their strength and courage did not produce an equivalent in pace, and the Argonauts won by two and three quarter lengths.

Quarterfinal 1
Place Boat Bow Rowers Rowers Stroke Cox Time Qual.
1  Toronto Argonaut (CAN) Irvine Robertson Joseph Wright
Julius Thomson
Walter Lewis
Gordon Balfour
Becher Gale
Charles Riddy
Geoffrey Taylor Douglas Kertland 8:06.0 QS
2  Norge (NOR) Otto Krogh Erik Bye
Ambrosius Høyer
Gustav Hæhre
Emil Irgens
Hannibal Fegth
Wilhelm Hansen
Annan Knudsen Ejnar Tønsager (8:16.7)  

Quarterfinal 2: 3.20 p.m. The English crew started at 41 to their visitors' 40 and led after the first ten strokes, but on reaching Remenham they were able to drop to 34 and still be two lengths ahead at halfway. Hungary never relaxed their efforts, but went after the leaders with the greatest determination. The gap, however, was never reduced, and Leander, rowing beautifully together with a reserve of power and pace that was most exhilarating to observe, won by about two lengths without extending themselves.

Quarterfinal 2
Place Boat Bow Rowers Rowers Stroke Cox Time Qual.
1  Leander (GBR) Albert Gladstone Frederick Kelly
Banner Johnstone
Guy Nickalls
Charles Burnell
Ronald Sanderson
Raymond Etherington-Smith
Henry Bucknall Gilchrist Maclagan 8:10.0 QS
2  Pannónia/Magyar (HUN) Sándor Kleckner Lajos Haraszthy
Antal Szebeny
Róbert Éder
Sándor Hautzinger
Jenő Várady
Imre Wampetich
Ferenc Kirchknopf Kálmán Vaskó (8:15.7)  
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

Real time web analytics, Heat map tracking

Olympic Games

Full

Results

All Events