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1912  Stockholm Summer Olympics

1912 Summer Olympics - The Results (Diving)

Diving at the 1912 Stockholm Summer Games

 

 

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Date Started: July 6, 1912
Date Finished: July 15, 1912
Events: 4

Participants: 57 (43 men and 14 women) from 10 countries
Youngest Participant: SWE Märta Adlerz (15 years, 98 days)
Oldest Participant: SWE Erik Tjäder (49 years, 51 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): SWE Erik Adlerz (2 medals)
Most Medals (Country): SWE Sweden (7 medals)

 

Participating nations

A total of 57 divers (43 men and 14 women)

from 10 nations (men from 9 nations - women

from 3 nations) competed at the Stockholm Games:

  •  Austria (1) (men:0 women:1)
  •  Canada (2) (men:2 women:0)
  •  Finland (6) (men:6 women:0)
  •  Germany (4) (men:4 women:0)
  •  Great Britain (3) (men:2 women:1)
  •  Italy (1) (men:1 women:0)
  •  Norway (3) (men:3 women:0)
  •  Russia (1) (men:1 women:0)
  •  Sweden (34) (men:22 women:12)
  •  United States (2) (men:2 women:0)
 

Overview

There were four diving events, one for women and three for men, held at Stockholm. The dives were scored by five judges, who gave point scores, but also ranked the divers based on ordinals, similar to figure skating. In the preliminary rounds, the divers were ranked within their heats by ordinals, but advancement to the final was based on points scored independent of the heat. In the finals, placements were decided on total ordinal ranking with total points used to break ties.

 
  

Medal summary

The events are labelled as 10 metre platform, 3 metre springboard and plain high diving by the International Olympic Committee, and appeared on the 1912 Official Report as Plain and Variety Diving combined, Spring-board Diving and High (plain) Diving. The high diving events included dives from both 10 metre and 5 metre platforms, while the springboard diving included dives from 3 metre and 1 metre springboards.

Men

Women
Event Gold Silver Bronze
3 m springboard

 Paul Günther (GER)  Hans Luber (GER)  Kurt Behrens (GER)
10 m platform

 Erik Adlerz (SWE)  Albert Zürner (GER)  Gustaf Blomgren (SWE)
Plain high diving

 Erik Adlerz (SWE)  Hjalmar Johansson (SWE)  John Jansson (SWE)
Event Gold Silver Bronze
10 m platform

 Greta Johansson (SWE)  Lisa Regnell (SWE)  Isabelle White (GBR)
  

Medal table

 
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Sweden 3 2 2 7
2  Germany 1 2 1 4
3  Great Britain 0 0 1 1
Totals (3 nations) 4 4 4 12
  

Men's Springboard

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Venue(s): Swimming Stadium, Djurgården Bay, Stockholm
Date Started: July 8, 1912
Date Finished: July 9, 1912
Format: Two springboards of heights of 1 and 3 metres.

Competitors 18from 7 nations

Summary

This competition consisted of two compulsory dives from 1 metre and two compulsory dives from 3 metres, followed by three optionals from 3 metres, which could be selected from a table of 18 allowable dives. Germany swept the first four places. After the compulsory dives, Zürner and Günther led, with Jansson close behind them. Günther dove brilliantly during the optional dives and was placed first by four of the five judges. The competition for the bronze medal was very close, with total ordinal scores of 22-23-24 given to Jansson, Zürner, and Hans Luber. The fourth-place finisher, Albert Zürner, was the defending Olympic champion from this event in London.

The competition was actually held from both 3 metre and 1 metre boards. Divers performed a running plain dive and a running forward somersault from the 1 metre board, a standing plain dive and a running plain dive from the 3 metre board, and three dives of the competitor's choice from the 3 metre board. Five judges scored each diver, giving two results. Each judge gave an ordinal placing for each diver in a group, with the five scores being summed to give a total ordinal points score. The judges also gave scores more closely resembling the modern scoring system.

Final

In the final, ordinal placings were the primary ranking method with dive scores being used only to break ties.

Place Diver Points Score
1st, gold medalist(s)  Paul Günther (GER) 6 79.23
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Hans Luber (GER) 9 76.78
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Kurt Behrens (GER) 22 73.73
4  Albert Zürner (GER) 23 73.33
5  Robert Zimmerman (CAN) 24 72.54
6  Herbert Pott (GBR) 28 71.45
7  John Jansson (SWE) 32 69.64
8  George Gaidzik (USA) 36 68.01

First round

The two divers who scored the smallest number of points in each group of the first round plus the two best scoring non-qualified divers of all groups advanced to the final. Ordinal placings were used to rank divers within the group, but were not used to determine qualification.

Group 1

Place Diver Points Score
1  Kurt Behrens (GER) 6 80.14
2  Paul Günther (GER) 9 78.14
3  Arthur McAleenan (USA) 15 68.02
4  Ernst Brandsten (SWE) 20 65.02
5  Sven Nylund (SWE) 28 62.60
6  Eskil Brodd (SWE) 29 62.60
7  Oskar Wetzell (FIN) 33 58.70

Group 2

Place Diver Points Score
1  John Jansson (SWE) 5 77.77
2  Albert Zürner (GER) 10 74.64
3  Ernst Eklund (SWE) 16 53.02
4  Carlo Bonfanti (ITA) 19 46.81

Group 3

Place Diver Points Score
1  Hans Luber (GER) 6 77.50
2  Robert Zimmerman (CAN) 11 76.60
3  George Gaidzik (USA) 16 74.03
4  Herbert Pott (GBR) 17 73.94
5  Ernfrid Appelqvist (SWE) 25 62.61
6  Axel Runström (SWE) 30 58.42
7  Erik Tjäder (SWE) 35 53.56

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Paul Günther 29 Germany GER Gold  
2 Hans Luber 18 Germany GER Silver  
3 Kurt Behrens 27 Germany GER Bronze  
4 Albert Zürner 22 Germany GER    
5 Robert Zimmerman 30 Canada CAN    
6 Ernest Pott 29 Great Britain GBR    
7 Johan Jansson 19 Sweden SWE    
8 George Gaidzik 27 United States USA    
3 p1 r1/2 Arthur McAleenan 17 United States USA    
3 p2 r1/2 Ernst Eklund 17 Sweden SWE    
4 p1 r1/2 Ernst Brandsten 28 Sweden SWE    
4 p2 r1/2 Carlo Bonfanti 36 Italy ITA    
5 p1 r1/2 Tore Nylund 17 Sweden SWE    
5 p3 r1/2 Ernfrid Appelqvist 23 Sweden SWE    
6 p1 r1/2 Eskil Brodd 26 Sweden SWE    
6 p3 r1/2 Axel Runström 28 Sweden SWE    
7 p1 r1/2 Oskar Wetzell 23 Finland FIN    
7 p3 r1/2 Erik Tjäder 48 Sweden SWE  

Men's Platform

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Venue(s): Swimming Stadium, Djurgården Bay, Stockholm
Date Started: July 12, 1912
Date Finished: July 15, 1912
Format: Platform at heights of 5 and 10 metres.

Competitors 23from 7 nations

Summary

In this event, the divers executed one plain running dive and one backwards somersault dive from 5 metres, one plain running dive and one plain standing dive from 10 metres, and three optional dives from 10 metres. The optional dives were to be selected from a table 13 allowable dives. Erik Adlerz had already won the plain high diving competition. Adlerz was leading on all judges totals going into his last dive, a flying somersault, but failed badly on it, and was then ranked second by two of the judges, trailing Albert Zürner. However, he was ranked first by three judges, and his total ordinal score of seven enabled him to win the championship.

The competition was actually held from both 10 metre and 5 metre platforms. Divers performed a standing plain dive and a running plain dive from the 10 metre platform, a running plain dive and a backward somersault from the 5 metre platform, and three dives of the competitor's choice from the 10 metre platform. Five judges scored each diver, giving two results. Each judge gave an ordinal placing for each diver in a group, with the five scores being summed to give a total ordinal points score. The judges also gave scores more closely resembling the modern scoring system.

Final

In the final, ordinal placings were the primary ranking method with dive scores being used only to break ties.

Place Diver Points Score
1st, gold medalist(s)  Erik Adlerz (SWE) 7 73.94
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Albert Zürner (GER) 10 72.60
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Gustaf Blomgren (SWE) 16 69.56
4  Hjalmar Johansson (SWE) 22 67.80
5  George Yvon (GBR) 22 67.66
6  Harald Arbin (SWE) 31 62.62
7  Alvin Carlsson (SWE) 32 63.16
8  Toivo Nestori Aro (FIN) 40 57.05

First round

The two divers who scored the smallest number of points in each group of the first round plus the two best scoring non-qualified divers of all groups advanced to the final. Ordinal placings were used to rank divers within the group, but were not used to determine qualification.

Group 1

Place Diver Points Score
1  Hjalmar Johansson (SWE) 9 68.06
2  Albert Zürner (GER) 14 65.04
3  Hans Luber (GER) 23 61.66
4  Gösta Sjöberg (SWE) 24 62.08
5  Ernst M. Brandsten (SWE) 24 61.42
6  George Gaidzik (USA) 25 62.56
7  John Jansson (SWE) 27 59.75
8  Kurt Behrens (GER) 33 58.35
9  Leo Suni (FIN) 45 48.93

Group 2

Place Diver Points Score
1  Erik Adlerz (SWE) 6 74.76
2  Gustaf Blomgren (SWE) 9 68.50
3  Harald Arbin (SWE) 15 62.75
4  Ernst Eklund (SWE) 20 59.94
5  Sigvard Andersen (NOR) 25 56.40
6  Oskar Wetzell (FIN) 32 50.46
7  Kalle Kainuvaara (FIN) 33 48.10
-  Arthur McAleenan (USA) - DNF

Group 3

Place Diver Points Score
1  Alvin Carlsson (SWE) 7 66.98
2  George Yvon (GBR) 9 65.70
3  Toivo Nestori Aro (FIN) 16 62.75
4  Robert Andersson (SWE) 18 60.39
5  Jens Stefenson (SWE) 25 41.54
-  Jack Lyons (CAN) - DNF

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Erik Adlerz 19 Sweden SWE Gold  
2 Albert Zürner 22 Germany GER Silver  
3 Gustaf Blomgren 24 Sweden SWE Bronze  
4 Hjalmar Johansson 38 Sweden SWE    
5 George Yvon 25 Great Britain GBR    
6 Harald Arbin 44 Sweden SWE    
7 Alvin Carlsson 20 Sweden SWE    
8 Toivo Aro 25 Finland FIN    
3 p1 r1/2 Hans Luber 18 Germany GER    
4 p1 r1/2 Gösta Sjöberg 16 Sweden SWE    
4 p2 r1/2 Ernst Eklund 17 Sweden SWE    
4 p3 r1/2 Robert Andersson 25 Sweden SWE    
5 p1 r1/2 Ernst Brandsten 28 Sweden SWE    
5 p2 r1/2 Sigvard Andersen 18 Norway NOR    
5 p3 r1/2 Jens Stefenson 17 Sweden SWE    
6 p1 r1/2 George Gaidzik 27 United States USA    
6 p2 r1/2 Oskar Wetzell 23 Finland FIN    
7 p1 r1/2 Johan Jansson 19 Sweden SWE    
7 p2 r1/2 Kalle Kainuvaara 21 Finland FIN    
8 p1 r1/2 Kurt Behrens 27 Germany GER    
9 p1 r1/2 Leo Suni 20 Finland FIN    
AC p2 r1/2 Arthur McAleenan 17 United States USA    
AC p3 r1/2 Jack Lyons 35 Canada CAN  

Men's Plain High

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Venue(s): Swimming Stadium, Djurgården Bay, Stockholm
Date Started: July 6, 1912
Date Finished: July 11, 1912
Format: Platforms at heights of 5 and 10 metres.

Competitors 31from 9 nations

Summary

The plain high diving event consisted of one running dive and one standing dive from 5 metres and one standing dive and two running dives from 10 metres. All the dives were selected from a table of 13 allowable dives. Erik Adlerz won the event relatively easily, placing first on four of the five judges’ cards, the fifth judge placing him third. Adlerz won the plain and fancy high diving four days later to win two diving gold medals in Stockholm. The silver medal went to Hjalmar Johansson, who was the defending Olympic champion, in a very close battle with his teammate, Johan “John” Jansson. They tied on total ordinals, but Johansson defeated Jansson by 2/10ths of a point. The Swedes swept the first four places.

The competition was actually held from both 10 metre and 5 metre platforms. Divers performed a total of five dives: a standing dive and two running dives from the 10 metre platform, and a standing dive and a running dive from the 5 metre platform. Five judges scored each diver, giving two results. Each judge gave an ordinal placing for each diver in a group, with the five scores being summed to give a total ordinal points score. The judges also gave scores more closely resembling the modern scoring system.

Final

In the final, ordinal placings were the primary ranking method with dive scores being used only to break ties.

Place Diver Points Score
1  Erik Adlerz (SWE) 7 40.0
2  Hjalmar Johansson (SWE) 12 39.3
3  John Jansson (SWE) 12 39.1
4  Viktor Crondahl (SWE) 22 37.1
5  Toivo Aro (FIN) 26 36.3
6  Axel Runström (SWE) 26 36.0
7  Ernst Brandsten (SWE) 28 36.2
-  Paul Günther (GER) - DNF
Erik Adlerz, Hjalmar Johansson, John Jansson 1912.jpg
Erik Adlerz, Hjalmar Johansson and John Jansson

First round

The divers who scored the smallest number of points in each group of the first round plus the four best scoring non-qualified divers of all groups advanced to the final. Ordinal placings were used to rank divers within the group, but were not used to determine qualification.

Group 1

Place Diver Points Score
1  Paul Günther (GER) 8 36.1
2  Torsten Eriksson (SWE) 11 35.8
3  Tauno Ilmoniemi (FIN) 13 35.0
4  Alfred Johansson (SWE) 14 34.7
5  Nils Tvedt (NOR) 25 31.7
6  Elis Holmer (SWE) 31 30.2
7  Sigvard Andersen (NOR) 32 28.6
-  Viktor Baranov (RUS) - DNF

Group 2

Place Diver Points Score
1  John Jansson (SWE) 5 38.3
2  George Gaidzik (USA) 13 36.2
3  George Yvon (GBR) 17 35.2
4  Gunnar Ekstrand (SWE) 18 35.3
5  Arthur McAleenan (USA) 20 34.9
6  Carlo Bonfanti (ITA) 32 28.5
7  Alfred Engelsen (NOR) 33 28.3

Group 3

Place Diver Points Score
1  Hjalmar Johansson (SWE) 7 40.1
2  Toivo Aro (FIN) 10 39.4
3  Axel Runström (SWE) 15 38.3
4  Ernst Brandsten (SWE) 19 37.7
5  Viktor Crondahl (SWE) 22 37.0
6  Hans Luber (GER) 27 36.2
7  Kurt Behrens (GER) 31 35.1
8  John P. Lyons (CAN) 40 32.5
9  Jens Stefenson (SWE) 44 31.2

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Erik Adlerz 19 Sweden SWE Gold  
2 Hjalmar Johansson 38 Sweden SWE Silver  
3 Johan Jansson 19 Sweden SWE Bronze  
4 Viktor Crondahl 25 Sweden SWE    
5 Toivo Aro 25 Finland FIN    
6 Axel Runström 28 Sweden SWE    
7 Ernst Brandsten 28 Sweden SWE    
AC r2/2 Paul Günther 29 Germany GER   DNF
2 p1 r1/2 Torsten Eriksson 21 Sweden SWE    
2 p2 r1/2 George Gaidzik 27 United States USA    
2 p4 r1/2 Oskar Wetzell 23 Finland FIN    
3 p1 r1/2 Tauno Ilmoniemi 18 Finland FIN    
3 p2 r1/2 George Yvon 25 Great Britain GBR    
3 p4 r1/2 Kalle Kainuvaara 21 Finland FIN    
4 p1 r1/2 Alfred Johansson 35 Sweden SWE    
4 p2 r1/2 Gunnar Ekstrand 20 Sweden SWE    
4 p4 r1/2 Albert Nyman 39 Finland FIN    
5 p1 r1/2 Nils Tvedt 28 Norway NOR    
5 p2 r1/2 Arthur McAleenan 17 United States USA    
5 p4 r1/2 Leo Suni 20 Finland FIN    
6 p1 r1/2 Elis Holmer 18 Sweden SWE    
6 p2 r1/2 Carlo Bonfanti 36 Italy ITA    
6 p3 r1/2 Hans Luber 18 Germany GER    
6 p4 r1/2 Albert Zürner 22 Germany GER    
7 p1 r1/2 Sigvard Andersen 18 Norway NOR    
7 p2 r1/2 Alfred Engelsen 19 Norway NOR    
7 p3 r1/2 Kurt Behrens 27 Germany GER    
7 p4 r1/2 Sven Montan 24 Sweden SWE    
8 p3 r1/2 Jack Lyons 35 Canada CAN    
9 p3 r1/2 Jens Stefenson 17 Sweden SWE    
AC p1 r1/2 Viktor Baranov   Russia RUS    

Women's Plain High

Host City: Stockholm, Sweden
Venue(s): Swimming Stadium, Djurgården Bay, Stockholm
Date Started: July 10, 1912
Date Finished: July 13, 1912
Format: Platform at heights of 5 and 10 metres.

Competitors 14from 3 nations

Summary

This was the first Olympic diving competition for women and it consisted of two compulsory dives from 5 metres and three compulsory dives from 10 metres. Twelve of the 14 competitors were Swedish and seven of the eight finalists were Swedes. Margareta “Greta” Johansson won easily, being placed first by all five judges. She was awarded a gold medal and the Challenge Trophy for the women’s plain high diving, which was donated in 1912 by Christina Nilsson, the Countess de Casa Miranda.

Johansson later emigrated to the United States in 1913, where she married Ernst Brandsten, seventh in 1912 Men’s Plain High Diving. They settled in California and Ernst was coach at Stanford for many U.S. Olympic divers. He was also coach of the U.S. Olympic diving team in 1936 at Berlin.

The competition was actually held from both 10 metre and 5 metre platforms. Divers performed a standing plain dive and a running plain dive from the 10 metre platform, a running plain dive and a backward somersault from the 5 metre platform, and three dives of the competitor's choice from the 10 metre platform. Five judges scored each diver, giving two results. Each judge gave an ordinal placing for each diver in a group, with the five scores being summed to give a total ordinal points score. The judges also gave scores more closely resembling the modern scoring system.

Final

In the final, ordinal placings were the primary ranking method with dive scores being used only to break ties.

Place Diver Points Score
1st, gold medalist(s)  Greta Johansson (SWE) 5 39.9
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Lisa Regnell (SWE) 11 36.0
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Isabelle White (GBR) 17 34.0
4  Elsa Regnell (SWE) 20 33.2
5  Ella Eklund (SWE) 22 31.9
6  Elsa Andersson (SWE) 25 31.3
7  Selma Andersson (SWE) 36 28.3
8  Tora Larsson (SWE) 39 26.8

First round

The two divers who scored the smallest number of points in each group of the first round plus the four best-scoring non-qualified divers of all groups advanced to the final. Ordinal placings were used to rank divers within the group, but were not used to determine qualification.

Group 1

Place Diver Points Score
1  Greta Johansson (SWE) 5 36.2
2  Lisa Regnell (SWE) 13 34.1
3  Isabelle White (GBR) 14 33.9
4  Tora Larsson (SWE) 21 31.0
5  Selma Andersson (SWE) 23 30.6
6  Elsa Andersson (SWE) 25 29.7
7  Willy Thulin (SWE) 35 25.0
8  Märta Adlerz (SWE) 39 21.9

Group 2

Place Diver Points Score
1  Ella Eklund (SWE) 7 34.4
2  Elsa Regnell (SWE) 8 34.9
3  Gerda Johansson (SWE) 16 28.7
4  Dagmar Nilsson (SWE) 19 27.3
5  Ester Edström (SWE) 23 26.3
-  Hanny Kellner (AUT) - DNF

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Greta Johansson 17 Sweden SWE Gold  
2 Lisa Regnell 25 Sweden SWE Silver  
3 Belle White 17 Great Britain GBR Bronze  
4 Elsa Regnell 22 Sweden SWE    
5 Ella Eklund 18 Sweden SWE    
6 Elsa Andersson 17 Sweden SWE    
7 Selma Andersson 17 Sweden SWE    
8 Tora Larsson 21 Sweden SWE    
3 p2 r1/2 Gerda Johansson 21 Sweden SWE    
4 p2 r1/2 Dagmar Nilsson 18 Sweden SWE    
5 p2 r1/2 Ester Edström 19 Sweden SWE    
7 p1 r1/2 Willy Thulin 22 Sweden SWE    
8 p1 r1/2 Märta Adlerz 15 Sweden SWE    
AC p2 r1/2 Hanny Kellner 19 Austria AUT  
   

 

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