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Summer Olympic Games

Summer Olympics - List of participating nations at the Summer Olympic Games

List of participating nations at the Summer Olympic Games

This is a list of nations, as represented by National Olympic Committees (NOCs), that have participated in the Summer Olympic Games between 1896 and 2016. As of the 2016 Games, all of the current 206 NOCs have participated in at least one edition of the Olympic Games, and athletes from Australia (including two Games featuring the Australasia team), France,[K] Great Britain, Greece and Switzerland[L] have competed in all twenty-eight Summer Olympic Games.

History

Early years

Early Games were not clearly documented with respect to participating nations. Competitors from 11 to 16 different nations participated in the inaugural 1896 Games, in Athens. Eleven nations (Australia, Austria, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States) are mentioned in the official report for the Games, and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) states that 14 nations were represented.The NOCs for Bulgaria and Chile each claim that they were represented by a single athlete in Athens. Other sources also list Egypt, Italy, and the Turkish Empire.

While official report was actually the summary of the sporting events held at the 1900 Exposition Universelle and so can not be considered as reliable source, the IOC states that 24 nations participated in the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, but additional sources list up to 28 nations, with Haiti, Iran, Luxembourg, and Peru being the additions. The 1904 Games, held in St. Louis were the first Olympics outside of Europe and saw the participation of 12 nations. Although the Intercalated Games of 1906 are no longer considered official Games of the Olympiad by the IOC, they helped restore the Olympic movement. Participation at subsequent Games grew steadily, with 22 nations in London for 1908 and 28 nations in Stockholm for the 1912 Games. At these two Games (only), one of the delegations was actually a combined team of athletes from Australia and New Zealand, designated Australasia. The Games of 1916, planned for Berlin, were cancelled due to World War I.

Inter-war years

After the First World War, the Olympic Games resumed in 1920, in Antwerp. Twenty-nine nations participated, but not Austria, Bulgaria, Germany, Hungary, or Turkey, none of which were invited because of their roles in the war. Several newly created European states, such as Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, made their Olympic debut.

The Games grew rapidly for the 1924 Summer Olympics, in Paris, with 44 nations present, even though Germany was still not invited back to the Games. This situation would change for the 1928 Games where Germany returned to join a total of 46 participating nations. Competitors from 37 nations travelled to Los Angeles for the 1932 Summer Olympics. The 1936 Summer Olympics, in Berlin, were attended by 49 nations (a new high) but were highly politicized. The scheduled Games of 1940 in Tokyo and 1944 in London were each cancelled due to the outbreak of World War II in 1939.

Post-war years and Cold War era

Twelve years after the previous Games, the 1948 Summer Olympics, in London, attracted competitors from 59 nations, including 14 that made their Olympic debut; once again, Germany was not invited to take part, and neither was Japan. The 1952 Games, in Helsinki, again set a new high, with 69 nations participating, including the first appearance by the Soviet Union and the return of Germany and Japan. The 1956 Summer Olympics, attended by 67 nations in Melbourne, were the first to be marred by a boycott. Egypt, Iraq, and Lebanon withdrew in response to the Suez Crisis, and the Netherlands, Spain, and Switzerland withdrew in response to the Soviet invasion of Hungary. Because of Australian quarantine restrictions, the equestrian events were held five months earlier in Stockholm, with a total of 29 participating nations, including five nations that did not compete in Melbourne.

Participation by African and Latin American nations increased significantly during the 1960s. A total of 84 nations were represented at the 1960 Summer Olympics, in Rome, 94 nations at the 1964 Games, in Tokyo, and 112 nations at the 1968 Summer Olympics, in Mexico City. The 1968 Games also marked the first time that West Germany and East Germany competed as independent teams. For the previous three Olympiads (1956–1964), the two NOCs were jointly represented by a united German team. The 1972 Summer Olympics, in Munich, featured 121 nations, the highest total yet.

The next three Games were each marred by significant boycotts. At the 1976 Summer Olympics, in Montreal, only 92 nations were represented. Twenty-nine African nations (Ivory Coast and Senegal being the only two exceptions) boycotted the Games because of New Zealand's participation, as New Zealand maintained other sporting relations with apartheid South Africa. The largest Olympic boycott took place at the 1980 Games, in Moscow, when only 80 nations participated. The United States led the boycott in protest of the December 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and were joined by more than 60 other nations. In response, the 1984 Summer Olympics, in Los Angeles, were boycotted by the Soviet Union and their allies, yet a total of 140 nations did participate. The 1988 Games, in Seoul, marked a new high, with 160 participating nations.

Recent Games

Several events in the 1990s led to a large increase in participating nations at the Olympic Games. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Baltic states competed as independent nations for the first time since 1936 at the 1992 Games, in Barcelona. The remaining twelve ex-republics of the Soviet Union competed together as the Unified Team for these Games. A single German team competed for the first time since 1964, after the German reunification in 1990, while the breakup of Yugoslavia resulted in the Olympic debut of new nations.

The Centennial Olympics, in Atlanta, were attended by athletes from 197 nations, including 24 nations making their Summer Games debut. Czechoslovakia had split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and all ex-Soviet republics competed as independent nations. The Games continued to grow, with 199 nations represented in Sydney, for the 2000 Summer Games, and 201 nations in Athens, for the 2004 Summer Olympics.

A record number of nations (204) were represented at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, with Marshall Islands and Tuvalu making their Olympic debut. After competing together as Serbia and Montenegro in 2004, Serbia and Montenegro sent independent teams to Beijing. Only Brunei failed to participate in the Games, after failing to register any athletes for competition. The 2012 Games in London increased this record to 206 nations, even though only 204 NOCs were represented. Brunei returned to the Games, but athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles competed as Independent Olympic Athletes, after the Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee's membership in the IOC was withdrawn in 2011 as a consequence of the dissolution of the Caribbean country. One athlete from South Sudan also competed as an independent athlete, since the nation had not yet formed a National Olympic Committee after its independence in 2011.

A further increase occurred in the 2016 Summer Olympics, with 206 nations represented: South Sudanese athletes were able to compete under their nation's flag and Kosovo made their debut as an independent team. There was also a team made up of refugees, made up of athletes from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Syria who had fled their home countries and could not compete under their home NOC.

List of nations

Description

This list includes all 206 current NOCs, 20 obsolete NOCs and 3 other entries, arranged alphabetically. The three-letter country code is also listed for each NOC. Since the 1960s, these codes have been frequently used by the IOC and each Games organizing committee to identify NOCs, such as within the official report of each Games. However, in this section, several countries uses long-form names designated by the United Nations uses short form common names such as for example: Laos (Lao People's Democratic Republic), North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), and Moldova (Republic of Moldova).

Several nations have changed during their Olympic history. Name changes due to geographical renaming are explained by footnotes after the nation's name, and other notes are explained by footnotes linked within the table itself.

Obsolete nations

Obsolete nations are included in the table to more clearly illustrate past Olympic appearances for their successor nations.

  • ANZ. In the 1908 and 1912 Games, athletes from Australia and New Zealand competed together as a single team, designated Australasia (ANZ).
  • ROC. The Republic of China (ROC) was designated as China from 1932 to 1948, representing all of China (including Taiwan at the 1948 Games). After the Chinese Civil War, Taiwan participated using the Republic of China designation in 1956, 1960, and 1972.
  • BOH, TCH. Prior to the foundation of Czechoslovakia after World War I, athletes from Bohemia (BOH) (now part of the present-day Czech Republic) competed in 1900, 1908, and 1912. Czechoslovakia (TCH) participated in 1920–1992, from 1996 represented by two successor NOCs of Czech Republic (CZE) and Slovakia (SVK).
  • SAA, EUA, FRG, GDR. Due the partition of Germany after World War II, Germany was represented by two teams at the 1952 Games—Germany and the Saar (SAA). The Saar was reintegrated back into the Federal Republic of Germany in 1956, and Saar athletes then competed for Germany. East Germany did not contribute athletes to the 1952 team, as the National Olympic Committee for the German Democratic Republic was only granted "provisional" recognition by the IOC in 1955. For the Games of 1956–1964, Germany participated as a United Team of Germany (GER), representing the National Olympic Committees of both East Germany and West Germany. Retrospectively, the IOC uses the country code EUA for this team. After the NOC for the German Democratic Republic was granted full recognition by the IOC in 1968, East Germany (GDR) and West Germany (FRG) participated as two distinct teams at the Games of 1968–1988.
  • MAL, NBO. Prior to the formation of the Federation of Malaysia in 1963, athletes from Malaya (MAL) competed at the 1956 Games and 1960 Games, and athletes from North Borneo (NBO) competed at the 1956 Games.
  • AHO. The NOC of the Netherlands Antilles (AHO) was recognized by the IOC from 1950 until 2011 upon the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles.
  • RU1, URS, EUN. The Russian Empire (RU1) participated in three Games prior to World War I. Soviet Union (URS) participated at the Games of 1952–1988. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the fifteen ex-republics of the Soviet Union were all represented at the 1992 Summer Olympics. Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania participated as independent teams, and the other twelve nations participated as a combined Unified Team (EUN). Since 1996 they are represented by fifteen successor NOCs.
  • YUG, IOP, SCG. The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (officially the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes until 1929) participated as Yugoslavia (YUG) in five Games before the Second World War. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia also participated using the Yugoslavia (YUG) designation, for all Games between 1948–1988. Because of United Nations sanctions in Security Council Resolution 757, athletes from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) competed as Independent Olympic Participants (IOP) at the 1992 Games. They were not permitted to compete in team sports such as basketball, handball, or water polo, and the Olympic flag was used in medal ceremonies. Athletes from the Republic of Macedonia also competed as Independent Olympic Participants (IOP) at the 1992 Games because their NOC had not been formed. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (later State Union of Serbia and Montenegro), consisting of the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro, participated at the Games of 1996 and 2000 as Yugoslavia (YUG), and at the Games of 2004 as Serbia and Montenegro (SCG). In 2008 and 2012, the former republics of Yugoslavia were represented by six successor NOCs. In 2016, the autonomous province of Kosovo, which declared independence in 2008 and is partially recognised as a sovereign state, became the seventh successor NOC.
  • BWI. Athletes from Barbados, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago competed as the British West Indies (BWI) at the 1960 Games. The West Indies Federation only existed as a nation from 1958–1962, so the constituent nations once again competed independently in 1964.
  • YMD, YAR. Prior to Yemenite unification in 1990, North Yemen participated as the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR) in 1984 and 1988, and South Yemen participated as the Yemen Democratic Republic (YMD) in the 1988 Games.

Other entries

  • ZZX. Between 1896–1904 Olympic Games allowed for individuals in a team, designated later as Mixed teams, to be from different nations.
  • IOA. Athletes from Timor-Leste competed as Individual Olympic Athletes (IOA) at the 2000 Games.[36] Athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles and South Sudan competed as Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA) at the 2012 Games. Athletes from Kuwait competed as Independent Olympic Athletes (IOA) at the 2016 Games.
  • ROT. Owing to the refugee crisis, a refugee team was formed at the 2016 Summer Olympics. It consists of athletes from South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia and Syria, who have fled their home countries and cannot compete under the home NOC.
A Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Afghanistan AFG                             14
 Albania ALB                                         8
 Algeria ALG                               13
 American Samoa ASA                                         8
 Andorra AND                                   11
 Angola ANG                                       9
 Antigua and Barbuda[ANT] ANT                                     10
 Argentina ARG         24
 Armenia ARM Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
 Aruba ARU Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles 8
 Australia AUS ANZ H H 26
 Australasia [^] ANZ       2
 Austria AUT   27
 Azerbaijan AZE Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
B Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Bahamas BAH                         16
 Bahrain BRN                                       9
 Bangladesh BAN                                       9
 Barbados BAR                           BWI     12
 Belarus BLR Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
 Belgium BEL     H 26
 Belize[BIZ] BIZ                                 12
 Benin[BEN] BEN                                   11
 Bermuda BER                     18
 Bhutan BHU                                       9
 Bolivia BOL                             14
 Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH           Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 7
 Botswana BOT                                     10
 Brazil BRA   [D]         H 22
 British Virgin Islands IVB                                       9
 Brunei BRU                                         [P]     5
 Bulgaria BUL [A]                 20
 Burkina Faso[BUR] BUR                                       9
 Burundi BDI                                             6
C Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Cambodia CAM                         [L]               9
 Cameroon CMR                             [O] 14
 Canada CAN   H   26
 Cape Verde CPV                                             6
 Cayman Islands CAY                                     10
 Central African Republic CAF                                     10
 Chad CHA                                 12
 Chile CHI [B]           23
 China CHN Republic of China Republic of China ROC               H 10
 Chinese Taipei[TPE] TPE Japan Japan ROC                 14
 Republic of China [^] ROC                     3
 Colombia COL   [E]               19
 Comoros COM                                             6
 Republic of the Congo CGO                                 12
 Democratic Republic of the Congo[COD] COD                                     10
 Cook Islands COK                                         8
 Costa Rica CRC                           15
 Ivory Coast[CIV] CIV                               13
 Croatia CRO Austria/Hungary Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 7
 Cuba CUB                 20
 Cyprus CYP                                     10
 Czech Republic CZE Bohemia Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia 6
 Czechoslovakia [^] TCH       16
 Bohemia [^] BOH         3
D Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Denmark DEN   27
 Djibouti DJI                                       [P] 8
 Dominica DMA                                             6
 Dominican Republic DOM                             14
E Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Ecuador ECU                             14
 Egypt[EGY] EGY [C]         [L] [O]   22
 El Salvador ESA                                   11
 Equatorial Guinea GEQ                                       9
 Eritrea ERI                                               5
 Estonia EST Russian Empire Soviet Union 12
 Ethiopia ETH                               13
F Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Fiji FIJ                             14
 Finland FIN       H 25
 France FRA H [K] H 28
G Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Gabon GAB                                     10
 The Gambia GAM                                       9
 Georgia GEO Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
 Germany GER     H   EUA GDR, FRG 16
 East Germany [^] GDR       EUA     5
 West Germany [^] FRG       EUA H     5
 United Team of Germany [^] EUA         3
 Saar [^] SAA         1
 Ghana[GHA] GHA                             14
 Great Britain GBR H H H 28
 Greece GRE H H 28
 Grenada GRN                                       9
 Guam GUM                                         8
 Guatemala GUA                             14
 Guinea GUI                                   11
 Guinea-Bissau GBS                                             6
 Guyana[GUY] GUY                       17
H Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Haiti HAI   [F]                       15
 Honduras HON                                   11
 Hong Kong HKG                         16
 Hungary HUN     26
I Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Iceland ISL                 20
 India IND         24
 Indonesia INA                           15
 Iran IRI   [G]                     16
 Iraq IRQ                             14
 Ireland IRL Great Britain GBR   21
 Israel ISR                         16
 Italy ITA   H 27
J Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Jamaica JAM                     BWI 17
 Japan JPN           H   22
 Jordan JOR                                     10
K Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Kazakhstan KAZ Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
 Kenya KEN                             14
 Kiribati KIR                                                 4
 North Korea PRK         JPN Japan                 10
 South Korea KOR         JPN Japan   H 17
 Kosovo KOS           Yugoslavia Yugoslavia SCG Serbia 1
 Kuwait KUW                               [^] 12
 Kyrgyzstan KGZ Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
L Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Laos LAO                                       9
 Latvia LAT Russian Empire   Soviet Union 11
 Lebanon LIB                       17
 Lesotho LES                                   11
 Liberia LBR                             [P]   12
 Libya LBA                             [P]       10
 Liechtenstein LIE                       17
 Lithuania LTU Russian Empire       Soviet Union 9
 Luxembourg LUX   [H]       23
M Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Macedonia (North) MKD           Yugoslavia Yugoslavia IOP 6
 Madagascar MAD                                 12
 Malawi MAW                                     10
 Malaysia MAS Malaya, North Borneo Malaya, North Borneo Malaya, North Borneo   13
 Malaya [^] MAL                           2
 North Borneo [^] NBO                             1
 Maldives MDV                                         8
 Mali MLI                               13
 Malta MLT                         16
 Marshall Islands MHL                                                   3
 Mauritania MTN                                       9
 Mauritius MRI                                       9
 Mexico MEX           H 23
 Federated States of Micronesia FSM                                               5
 Moldova MDA Russian Empire Romania Soviet Union EUN 6
 Monaco MON                 20
 Mongolia MGL                               13
 Montenegro MNE           Yugoslavia Yugoslavia SCG 3
 Morocco MAR                           [O]   14
 Mozambique MOZ                                     10
 Myanmar[MYA] MYA                       17
N Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Namibia NAM                                           7
 Nauru NRU                                             6
 Nepal NEP                               13
 Netherlands NED     H [L] 26
 Netherlands Antilles [^] AHO                           [^]   13
 New Zealand NZL   [I]   ANZ 23
 Nicaragua NCA                                 12
 Niger NIG                                 12
 Nigeria NGR                         16
 Norway NOR       25
O Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Oman OMA                                       9
P Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Pakistan PAK                       17
 Palau PLW                                               5
 Palestine PLE                                             6
 Panama PAN                       17
 Papua New Guinea PNG                                     10
 Paraguay PAR                                 12
 Peru PER   [J]                 18
 Philippines PHI               21
 Poland POL               21
 Portugal POR         24
 Puerto Rico PUR                     18
Q Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Qatar QAT                                       9
R Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Romania ROU               21
 Russia RUS Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
 Unified Team [^] EUN         1
 Soviet Union [^] URS               H   EUN   9
 Russian Empire [^] RU1         3
 Rwanda RWA                                       9
S Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Saint Kitts and Nevis SKN                                             6
 Saint Lucia LCA                                             6
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VIN                                         8
 Samoa[SAM] SAM                                       9
 San Marino SMR                             14
 São Tomé and Príncipe STP                                             6
 Saudi Arabia KSA                                   11
 Senegal SEN                             14
 Serbia SRB         Yugoslavia Yugoslavia SCG 4
 Serbia and Montenegro[SCG] [^] SCG   Yugoslavia Yugoslavia IOP   3
 Independent Olympic Participants [^] IOP         1
 Yugoslavia [^] YUG     16
 Seychelles SEY                                       9
 Sierra Leone SLE                                   11
 Singapore SGP                     [N]   16
 Slovakia SVK Hungary Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia 6
 Slovenia SLO Austria/Hungary Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 7
 Solomon Islands SOL                                       9
 Somalia SOM                                       9
 South Africa RSA                   19
 Spain ESP           [L] H 23
 Sri Lanka[SRI] SRI                       17
 Sudan SUD                                 12
 South Sudan SSD Sudan Sudan Sudan [^] 1
 Suriname SUR                           [P]     12
 Swaziland SWZ                                     10
 Sweden SWE   H 27
 Switzerland SUI [L] 28
 Syria SYR                         [M]     13
T Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Tajikistan TJK Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
 Tanzania[TAN] TAN                               13
 Thailand THA                         16
 East Timor TLS                                       Indonesia [^] 4
 Togo TOG                                     10
 Tonga TGA                                       9
 Trinidad and Tobago TTO                     BWI 17
 British West Indies [^] BWI         1
 Tunisia TUN                           [O]   14
 Turkey TUR             22
 Turkmenistan TKM Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
 Tuvalu TUV                                                   3
U Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Uganda UGA                           15
 Ukraine UKR Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
 United Arab Emirates UAE                                       9
 United States USA H H   H H 27
 Uruguay URU               21
 Uzbekistan UZB Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
V Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Vanuatu VAN                                         8
 Venezuela VEN                     18
 Vietnam VIE                           15
 Virgin Islands ISV                                 12
Y Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Yemen YEM YMD, YAR YMD, YAR South Yemen, North Yemen 7
 South Yemen [^] YMD                                           1
 North Yemen [^] YAR                                         2
Z Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Zambia[ZAM] ZAM                               13
 Zimbabwe[ZIM] ZIM                               13
Other entries Code 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Total
 Mixed team [^] ZZX ^ ^ ^                                                    
 Independent Olympic Athletes [^] IOA                                               ^     ^ ^  
 Refugee Olympic Team [^] ROT                                                       ^  
Total 14 24 12 22 28 29 44 46 37 49 59 69 72 83 93 112 121 92 80 140 159 169 197 199 201 204 204 205 2764
 

Notes

Name changes notes

^ ANT: Prior to Antigua and Barbuda's independence in 1981, The Associated State of Antigua participated as Antigua in 1976.
^ BIZ: Belize participated under its former name of British Honduras (HBR) in 1968 and 1972.
^ BEN: Benin was known as Dahomey (DAH) in 1972.
^ BUR: Burkina Faso was known as Upper Volta (VOL) in 1972.
^ TPE: The Chinese Taipei was designated Republic of China (ROC) in 1956, 1960, and 1972, and was designated Taiwan in 1964 and 1968. In 1979, the IOC started to use Chinese Taipei to refer to this NOC, a compromise that was acceptable for the People's Republic of China to start participating in the Olympic Games.
^ COD: The Democratic Republic of the Congo was known as Zaire (ZAI) between 1984 and 1996.
^ CIV: Côte d'Ivoire was known as Ivory Coast between 1964 and 1988.
^ EGY: Egypt participated as the United Arab Republic between 1960 and 1968.
^ GHA: Prior to Ghana's independence in 1957, Gold Coast participated in the 1952 Games.
^ GUY: Prior to Guyana's independence in 1966, British Guiana participated from 1948 to 1964.
^ MYA: Myanmar was known as Burma (BIR) between 1948 and 1988.
^ SAM: Samoa was known as Western Samoa between 1984 and 1996.
^ SCG: The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, consisting of the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro, participated at the Games since 1996. It was reconstituted as the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2003. At the 1996 and 2000 Games, the nation was still designated Yugoslavia (YUG). The Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) designation and code were used at the 2004 Games.
^ SRI: Sri Lanka was known as Ceylon (CEY) between 1948 and 1972.
^ TAN: Although Tanganyika and Zanzibar had already merged to form Tanzania in April 1964, the nation was designated Tanganyika in the official report of the 1964 Games.
^ ZAM: Zambia achieved independence on the last day of the 1964 Games, but had participated as Northern Rhodesia (NRH) during those Games.
^ ZIM: Prior to Zimbabwe's independence in 1980, Southern Rhodesia participated as Rhodesia (RHO) in 1928,[17] 1960, and 1964.

Participation notes

  1. ^ The Bulgarian Olympic Committee claims that Charles Champaud, a Swiss gymnastics teacher living in Sofia, competed for the nation in 1896.
  2. ^ Chile claims that one athlete, Luis Subercaseaux Errázuriz, competed for the nation in 1896.
  3. ^ Dionysios Kasdaglis, tennisman in 1896, was maybe Egyptian.
  4. ^ For athletics at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Adolphe Klingelhoeffer was the son of a Brazilian diplomat. Although he was born and raised in Paris, he had Brazilian citizenship in 1900 and maintained this citizenship until at least the 1940s per French athletics historian Alain Bouille. As this was discovered in late 2008, his participation is usually attributed to France.
  5. ^ For tug of war at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Francisco Henríquez de Zubiría, living in Paris in 1900, had Colombian citizenship but has played with French team of tug of war.
  6. ^ Some sources consider Léon Thiércelin and André Corvington, competitors in fencing at the 1900 Games, and Constantin Henriquez in rugby, of Haitian nationality.
  7. ^ Some sources consider Freydoun Malkom, a fencer who competed at the 1900 Games, of Persian nationality and therefore the first Olympic appearance by Iran.
  8. ^ Michel Théato's gold medal in the marathon at the 1900 Games is currently attributed to France, although it has since been discovered that he was born in Luxembourg.
  9. ^ Victor Lindberg, maybe water polo player in 1900, was New Zealander.
  10. ^ Some sources consider Carlos de Candamo, a competitor in fencing at the 1900 Games, of Peruvian nationality.
  11. a b Sources are inconsistent regarding Albert Corey's participation in 1904. He was a French immigrant to the United States. the IOC attributes his medal in the marathon to the United States, and in contradiction, the medal in the four mile team race to a mixed team composed of athletes from multiple nations instead of the United States.
  12. a b c d e Cambodia, Egypt, the Netherlands, Spain, and Switzerland participated in the equestrian events of the 1956 Games held in Stockholm in June, but did not attend the Games in Melbourne later that year.
  13. ^ Syria was part of the United Arab Republic in 1960, but it is unknown if any Syrian athletes participated as part of the UAR team.
  14. ^ Singapore was part of the Federation of Malaysia in 1964 before gaining independence in 1965.
  15. a b c d Cameroon, Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia competed for the first three days of the 1976 Games before withdrawing in support of the boycott by most African nations.
  16. a b c d e Suriname at the 1960 Games, Libya at the 1964 Games, Liberia at the 1980 Games, Brunei at the 1988 Games, Djibouti at the 2004 Games took part in the Opening Ceremony, but neither athlete competed, so they are not counted as the participation nations at the IOC Olympic Games web site. Suriname's lone athlete withdrew from 1960 Games due to a scheduling error. Libya marched in the opening ceremony of the 1964 Games, but then withdrew from competition. Liberia's athletes withdrew from 1980 Games after marching in the Opening Ceremony and took part of the boycott. Brunei's participation in the 1988 Games consisted only of a single official, but no competing athletes. Djibouti marched in the Parade of Nations 2004 Games, but neither athlete competed.

 

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