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1920  Antwerp Summer Olympics

1920 Summer Olympics - The Results (Archery)

Archery at the 1920 Antwerpen Summer Games

 

 

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Date Started: August 3, 1920
Date Finished: August 5, 1920
Events: 10

Participants: 30 (30 men and 0 women) from 3 countries
Youngest Participant: NED Janus van Merrienboer (25 years, 300 days)
Oldest Participant: FRA Léon Epin (61 years, 278 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): BEL Hubert Van Innis (6 medals)
Most Medals (Country): BEL Belgium (14 medals)

 

Participating nations

A total of 30 archers from 3 nations

competed at the Antwerp Games:

  •  Belgium (14)
  •  France (8)
  •  Netherlands (8)
  

Overview

Two types of archery events were contested at the 1920 Olympics – target archery and pole archery. The first is the standard event, used today, in which the archers shot arrows at a target with concentric scoring rings. Most Olympic historical sources have incorrectly termed the target archery events as “moving bird target events,” and the pole archery events as “fixed bird target events.”

Pole archery consisted of shooting at artificial birds placed on cross beams that were suspended from a large pole. Renson and Bijkerk discussed the pole archery events in their article “Archery at the Games of the VIIth Olympiad, Antwerp 1920,” in Journal of Olympic History. They noted that the height of the pole was 31 meters with four cross beams with birds placed on the beams. In the large birds events, “... shooting at higher birds, with the ‘popinjay’ (‘oppergaai’ – ‘oiseau superieur’) counting for five points; the two ‘sidebirds’ (‘zijvogels’ – ‘poules laterales’) counting for four; the two ‘kalvogels’ – ‘canes’ for three; and the eight ‘guetteurs’ for two points.”

Belgium’s Hubert Van Innis starred in 1920 archery, winning four gold and two silver medals, all in target archery events. Van Innis had also competed at the 1900 Olympic Games in archery, and ended his Olympic career with 10 Olympic medals – six gold medals and four silver medals. Archery was not on the Olympic program after 1920, which likely prevented Van Innis from winning more medals, as he competed in the World Championships through the 1930s, and in 1933, at the age of 67, he won a team gold medal at the World Championships

  

Medal summary

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Individual fixed large bird Edmond Cloetens
 Belgium
Louis Van de Perck
 Belgium
Firmin Flamand
 Belgium
Team fixed large bird  Belgium (BEL)
Edmond Cloetens
Louis Van de Perck
Firmin Flamand
Edmond Van Moer
Joseph Hermans
Auguste Van de Verre
None awarded None awarded
Individual fixed small bird Edmond Van Moer
 Belgium
Louis Van de Perck
 Belgium
Joseph Hermans
 Belgium
Team fixed small bird  Belgium (BEL)
Edmond Cloetens
Louis Van de Perck
Firmin Flamand
Edmond Van Moer
Joseph Hermans
Auguste Van de Verre
None awarded None awarded
Individual moving bird, 50 metres Julien Brulé
 France
Hubert Van Innis
 Belgium
None awarded
Team moving bird, 50 metres  Belgium (BEL)
Alphonse Allaert
Hubert Van Innis
Edmond De Knibber
Louis Delcon
Jérome De Maeyer
Pierre Van Thielt
Louis Fierens
Louis Van Beeck
 France (FRA)
Julien Brulé
Léonce Quentin
Pascal Fauvel
Eugène Grisot
Eugène Richez
Artur Mabellon
Léon Epin
Paul Leroy
None awarded
Individual moving bird, 33 metres Hubert Van Innis
 Belgium
Julien Brulé
 France
None awarded
Team moving bird, 33 metres  Belgium (BEL)
Alphonse Allaert
Hubert Van Innis
Edmond De Knibber
Louis Delcon
Jérome De Maeyer
Pierre Van Thielt
Louis Fierens
Louis Van Beeck
 France (FRA)
Julien Brulé
Léonce Quentin
Pascal Fauvel
Eugène Grisot
Eugène Richez
Artur Mabellon
Léon Epin
Paul Leroy
None awarded
Individual moving bird, 28 metres Hubert Van Innis
 Belgium
Léonce Quentin
 France
None awarded
Team moving bird, 28 metres  Netherlands (NED)
Janus Theeuwes
Driekske van Bussel
Joep Packbiers
Janus van Merrienboer
Jo van Gastel
Theo Willems
Piet de Brouwer
Tiest van Gestel
 Belgium (BEL)
Hubert Van Innis
Alphonse Allaert
Edmond De Knibber
Louis Delcon
Jérome De Maeyer
Pierre Van Thielt
Louis Fierens
Louis Van Beeck
 France (FRA)
Julien Brulé
Léonce Quentin
Pascal Fauvel
Eugène Grisot
Eugène Richez
Artur Mabellon
Léon Epin
Paul Leroy
  

Medal table

 
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Belgium (BEL) 8 4 2 14
2  France (FRA) 1 4 1 6
3  Netherlands (NED) 1 0 0 1
Totals (3 nations) 10 8 3 21
   

Men's Target Archery, 28 metres, Individual

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Nightingale Park, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 4, 1920
Date Finished: August 5, 1920
Format: Top two finishers in the team event competed for the individual title.

Competitors 2from 2 nations

Summary

The program noted that "each country to be represented by the representative who has been the most successful in the team competition". This certainly was the case in the individual events at 33 and 50 metres. But it appears that at 28 metres, no Dutch athlete, specifically their top archer at this distance, [Janus Theeuwes], competed.

The individual moving bird at 28 metres event was part of the archery programme at the 1920 Summer Olympics. The event, like all other archery events in 1920, was open only to men. Only two archers competed.

Results

Place Archer Age Score
1st, gold medalist(s)  Hubert Van Innis (BEL) 54 172
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Léonce Quentin (FRA) 40 104

Men's Target Archery, 33 metres, Individual

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Nightingale Park, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 4, 1920
Date Finished: August 5, 1920
Format: Top two finishers in the team event competed for the individual title.

Competitors 2from 2 nations

Summary

The program noted that “each country to be represented by the representative who has been the most successful in the team competition.” The competition was shot at a distance of 33 meters. [Hubert van Innis] won one of his six gold medals and [Julien Brulé] one of his three silver medals. They were the only contestants in this event.

The individual moving bird at 33 metres event was part of the archery programme at the 1920 Summer Olympics. The event, like all other archery events in 1920, was open only to men. Only two archers competed.

Results

Place Archer Age Score
1st, gold medalist(s)  Hubert Van Innis (BEL) 54 139
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Julien Brulé (FRA) 44 94

Men's Target Archery, 50 metres, Individual

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Nightingale Park, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 4, 1920
Date Finished: August 5, 1920
Format: Top two finishers in the team event competed for the individual title.

Competitors 2from 2 nations

Summary

This was the only individual target event not won by [Hubert Van Innis]. Although he qualified with a much higher score than [Julien Brulé], Brulé defeated him rather easily in the individual final.

The individual moving bird at 50 metres event was part of the archery programme at the 1920 Summer Olympics. The event, like all other archery events in 1920, was open only to men. Only two archers competed.

Results

Place Archer Age Score  
1st, gold medalist(s)  Julien Brulé (FRA) 44 134  
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Hubert Van Innis (BEL) 54 106  

Men's Target Archery, 28 metres, Team

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Nightingale Park, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 4, 1920
Date Finished: August 5, 1920

Competitors 24from 3 nations

Summary

At 28 metres the target was 60 centimetres in diameter, with the 9-ring, the top scoring ring, being 10 centimetres in diameter. The other scoring rings, 7-5-3-2-1, were five centimetres in diameter. Each team consisted of eight archers with two reserves allowed, with all scores counting towards the team total. Each competitor shot 60 arrows, all on the same day (4 August). Thus a perfect individual score was 540, and a perfect team score was 4,320.

The team moving bird at 28 metres event was part of the archery programme at the 1920 Summer Olympics. The event, like all other archery events in 1920, was open only to men. Three teams of eight archers each competed.

Every archer had 60 shots, and every shot could earn a maximum of 9 points

Results

Place Team Scores
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Total
1st, gold medalist(s)  Netherlands (NED) 443 414 394 388 378 374 364 332 3087
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Belgium (BEL) ? 2924
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  France (FRA) ? 2328

Men's Target Archery, 33 metres, Team

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Nightingale Park, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 4, 1920
Date Finished: August 5, 1920

Competitors 16from 2 nations

Summary

At 33 metres the target was 72 centimetres in diameter, with the 9-ring, the top scoring ring, being 12 centimetres in diameter. The other scoring rings, 7-5-3-2-1, were six centimetres in diameter. Each team consisted of eight archers with two reserves allowed, with all scores counting towards the team total. Each competitor shot 30 arrows on the first day (4 August) and 30 arrows on the second day (5 August). Thus a perfect individual score was 540, and a perfect team score was 4,320.

The team moving bird at 33 metres event was part of the archery programme at the 1920 Summer Olympics. The event, like all other archery events in 1920, was open only to men. Two teams of eight archers each competed.

Results

Place Team Scores
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Total
1st, gold medalist(s)  Belgium (BEL) ? 2958
2nd, silver medalist(s)  France (FRA) ? 2586

Men's Target Archery, 50 metres, Team

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Nightingale Park, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 4, 1920
Date Finished: August 5, 1920

Competitors 16from 2 nations

Summary

At 50 metres the target was 72 centimetres in diameter, with the 9-ring, the top scoring ring, being 20 centimetres in diameter. The other scoring rings, 7-5-3-2-1, were 10 centimetres in diameter. Each team consisted of eight archers with two reserves allowed, with all scores counting towards the team total. Each competitor shot 30 arrows on the first day (4 August) and 30 arrows on the second day (5 August). Thus a perfect individual score was 540, and a perfect team score was 4,320

The team moving bird at 50 metres event was part of the archery programme at the 1920 Summer Olympics. The event, like all other archery events in 1920, was open only to men. Two teams of eight archers each competed.

Results

Place Team Scores
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Total
1st, gold medalist(s)  Belgium (BEL) 404 368 362 361 350 ? 2701
2nd, silver medalist(s)  France (FRA) 380 365 350 311 ? 2493

Men's Pole Archery, Small Birds, Individual

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Nightingale Park, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 3, 1920
Date Finished: August 3, 1920

Competitors 6from 1 nation

Summary

This event was originally scheduled to have taken place after the team event. The original rules noted that the individual competition would consist of one shooter from each nation, represented by those who had made the highest score in the team event. In shooting at small birds, the pole was 31 metres in height and had four cross beams with each bird hit to count for one point. Each competitor was allowed to shoot 20 arrows. A fallen bird was replaced so that the archers always had a full field at which to shoot.

The individual fixed small bird event was part of the archery programme at the 1920 Summer Olympics. The event, like all other archery events in 1920, was open only to men. 6 archers, all from Belgium, competed.

Two events, an individual and a team event, were contested. Each archer shot only once, with individual scores being summed to give a team score. The top three scores for each team were used to determine placings, though all six members of the team were considered medalists.

Results

Place Archer Score
1st, gold medalist(s)  Edmond van Moer (BEL) 11
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Louis van de Perck (BEL) 8
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Joseph Hermans (BEL) 6
4  Firmin Flamand (BEL) 5
5  Edmond Cloetens (BEL) 4
6  Auguste van de Verre (BEL) 1

Men's Pole Archery, Large Birds, Individual

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Nightingale Park, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 3, 1920
Date Finished: August 3, 1920

Competitors 6from 1 nation

Summary

Large bird shooting was also termed "higher or upper shooting" in another section of the Program. The target was a 31-metre pole with four cross beams. The cross beams contained five higher birds and eight "middle high" birds. Scoring gave five points for a high bird, four points for a hen, three points for a cane, and two points for each "gutteur". Each competitor was allowed 20 shots.

The individual fixed large bird event was part of the archery programme at the 1920 Summer Olympics. The event, like all other archery events in 1920, was open only to men. 6 archers, all from Belgium, competed.

There were two events in the fixed large bird category, though each archer shot only once. The individual scores were used to determine the individual medals and the top three scores for each six-man team were summed to determine team scores. All six members of each medalist team were considered to be medalists.

Results

Place Archer Score
1st, gold medalist(s)  Edmond Cloetens (BEL) 13
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Louis van de Perck (BEL) 11
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Firmin Flamand (BEL) 7
4  Edmond van Moer (BEL) 6
5  Joseph Hermans (BEL) 5
6  Auguste van de Verre (BEL) 3

Men's Pole Archery, Small Birds, Team

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Nightingale Park, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 3, 1920
Date Finished: August 3, 1920

Competitors 6from 1 nation

Summary

Only one team entered, that from Belgium. The rules noted that the teams in this event would consist of six archers, with two reserves. It appears that the team score was made up of the top three scores among the six team members.

The team fixed small bird event was part of the archery programme at the 1920 Summer Olympics. The event, like all other archery events in 1920, was open only to men. One team of six archers from Belgium competed.

Two events, an individual and a team event, were contested. Each archer shot only once, with individual scores being summed to give a team score. The top three scores for each team were used to determine placings, though all six members of the team were considered medalists.

Results

Place Team Scores
1 2 3 Total
1st, gold medalist(s)  Belgium (BEL) 11 8 6 25

Men's Pole Archery, Large Birds, Team

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Nightingale Park, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 3, 1920
Date Finished: August 3, 1920

Competitors 6from 1 nation

Summary

Only one team entered, that from Belgium. The rules noted that the teams in this event would consist of six archers, with two reserves. It appears that the team score was made up of the top three scores among the six team members.

The team fixed large bird event was part of the archery programme at the 1920 Summer Olympics. The event, like all other archery events in 1920, was open only to men. One team of six archers from Belgium competed.

There were two events in the fixed large bird category, though each archer shot only once. The individual scores were used to determine the individual medals and the top three scores for each six-man team were summed to determine team scores. All six members of each medalist team were considered to be medalists.

Results

Place Team Scores
1 2 3 Total
1st, gold medalist(s)  Belgium (BEL) 13 11 7 31

 

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