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1920  Antwerp Summer Olympics

1920 Summer Olympics - The Results (Diving)

Diving at the 1920 Antwerpen Summer Games

 

 

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Date Started: August 22, 1920
Date Finished: August 29, 1920
Events: 5

Participants: 53 (35 men and 18 women) from 14 countries
Youngest Participant: SWE Nils Skoglund (14 years, 8 days)
Oldest Participant: BRA Adolpho Wellisch (34 years, 200 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): USA Bud Pinkston (2 medals)
Most Medals (Country): USA United States (8 medals)

 

Participating nations

A total of 53 divers (35 men and 18 women) from 14 nations (men from 13 nations - women from 6 nations) competed at the Antwerp Games:

  •  Australia (1) (men:0 women:1)
  •  Belgium (3) (men:3 women:0)
  •  Brazil (1) (men:1 women:0)
  •  Canada (1) (men:1 women:0)
  •  Denmark (5) (men:3 women:2)
  •  Finland (3) (men:3 women:0)
  •  France (1) (men:1 women:0)
  •  Great Britain (5) (men:3 women:2)
  •  Italy (1) (men:1 women:0)
  •  Japan (1) (men:1 women:0)
  •  Norway (4) (men:2 women:2)
  •  Sweden (12) (men:8 women:4)
  •  Switzerland (1) (men:1 women:0)
  •  United States (14) (men:7 women:7)
  

Overview

The story of the 1920 diving events was the pool in which they were contested and the youth of the top competitors. The “pool” was a moat in the city of Antwerp, around which boardwalks had been constructed to mark the ends of the pool. For the diving events a platform was constructed which floated in the center of the pool and on which the diving boards were set. Bleachers were placed around the pool that allowed seating of 10,000 spectators. The event was held outdoors, and cloudy, rainy weather hindered the divers.

One contestant described the water as “black, dark, dark, black.” She also noted that the water was the coldest any diver had ever encountered. Towels, bathrobes, woolen stockings and socks, and ear mufflers were in each diver’s bag, to allow them to warm up after each dive. The locker rooms had no hot showers. After diving, because of the darkness of the water, the divers often became disoriented and were unable to see the surface, which kept them in the water longer, and added to the discomfort.

At the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, five diving events were contested. The women's 3 metre springboard competition was added to the Olympic programme. The competitions were held from Monday, August 22, 1920 to Monday, August 29, 1920

  

Medal summary

The events are labelled as 3 metre springboard, 10 metre platform and plain high diving by the International Olympic Committee, and appeared on the 1920 Official Report (dated from 1957) as plongeons variés, plongeons de haut vol variés or plongeons ordinaires, and plongeons du tremplin, respectively. The men's high diving and 10 metre platform events included dives from both 10 metre and 5 metre platforms, while the women's 10 metre platform were performed from 8 metre and 4 metre platforms; the springboard events included dives from 3 metre and 1 metre springboards.

Men

Women
Event Gold Silver Bronze
3 m springboard  Louis Kuehn (USA)  Clarence Pinkston (USA)  Louis Balbach (USA)
10 m platform  Clarence Pinkston (USA)  Erik Adlerz (SWE)  Harry Prieste (USA)
Plain high diving  Arvid Wallman (SWE)  Nils Skoglund (SWE)  John Jansson (SWE)
Event Gold Silver Bronze
3 m springboard  Aileen Riggin (USA)  Helen Wainwright (USA)  Thelma Payne (USA)
10 m platform  Stefanie Clausen (DEN)  Beatrice Armstrong (GBR)  Eva Olliwier (SWE)
  

Medal table

 
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 3 2 3 8
2  Sweden 1 2 2 5
3  Denmark 1 0 0 1
4  Great Britain 0 1 0 1
Totals (4 nations) 5 5 5 15
 

Men's Springboard

 Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Antwerp Swimming Stadium, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 26, 1920
Date Finished: August 27, 1920
Format: 1 and 3 metre boards.

 

Summary

The Americans swept the medals in the springboard event. Bud Pinkston had won the 1920 AAU title over Louis Kuehn, but Kuehn defeated him in Antwerp. Kuehn’s biggest previous victory was at the 1919 AAU Junior Championships. In the 1920 springboard event, the divers had to perform compulsory and optional dives from both the one- and three-metre springboards. In addition, the divers were required to perform two dives drawn by lot, which were surprise dives disclosed to the contestants just before the competition so that they had no time to practice them. There were six compulsory dives, four voluntary dives, and two drawn dives. The required dives were as follows: #6 - forward dive, hand on sides on entry, header forward, running takeoff; #13 - back dive with half-twist; #26 - forward running 1½ pike; #34 - inward somersault pike; #37 - reverse dive, layout position, standing takeoff, hands on side at entry (also known as an Auerbach or Isander); #46 - reverse dive, pike position, hands on side at entry. The voluntary dives had to be four dives from four different groups, with all ranging degree of difficulty from 1.7-2.0.

The men's 3 metre springboard was one of five diving events on the diving at the 1920 Summer Olympics programme. The competition was held on Friday, 26 August, 1920 and on Saturday, 27 August, 1920, at the Stade Nautique d'Antwerp.

A point-for-place system was used. For each dive, the divers were ranked according to their dive score and awarded points based on their rank for that dive (the best dive earned 1 point, the next-best 2 points, and so on).

Fourteen divers from nine nations competed. Louis Kuehn from the United States won the gold medal. Clarence Pinkston took silver and Louis Balbach won bronze, making a full American podium.

Final

Place Diver Points Score
1st, gold medalist(s)  Louis Kuehn (USA) 10 675.40
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Clarence Pinkston (USA) 11 655.30
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Louis Balbach (USA) 15 649.50
4  Gustaf Blomgren (SWE) 19 587.05
5  Gunnar Ekstrand (SWE) 27 559.25
6  John Jansson (SWE) 34 544.75

First round

The three divers who scored the smallest number of points in each group of the first round advanced to the final.

Group 1

Place Diver Points Score
1  Louis Kuehn (USA) 7 628.15
2  Louis Balbach (USA) 8 630.80
3  Gunnar Ekstrand (SWE) 15 560.85
4  Oscar Dose (SWE) 20 543.70
5  Richard Flint (CAN) 29 480.70
6  Joseph Callens (BEL) 30 476.40
7  Rémy Weil (FRA) 31 477.30

Group 2

Place Diver Points Score
1  Gustaf Blomgren (SWE) 7 614.00
2  Clarence Pinkston (USA) 8 622.70
3  John Jansson (SWE) 16 549.70
4  Adolfo Wellisch (BRA) 19 522.85
5  Ernest Walmsley (GBR) 28 453.05
6  Guglielmo De Sanctis (ITA) 29 451.35
7  Paul Knuchel (SUI) 33 431.35

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Lou Kuehn 19 United States USA Gold  
2 Bud Pinkston 20 United States USA Silver  
3 Louis Balbach 23 United States USA Bronze  
4 Gustaf Blomgren 32 Sweden SWE    
5 Gunnar Ekstrand 28 Sweden SWE    
6 Johan Jansson 27 Sweden SWE    
4 p1 r1/2 Oscar Dose 19 Sweden SWE    
4 p2 r1/2 Adolpho Wellisch 34 Brazil BRA    
5 p1 r1/2 Richard Flint 20 Canada CAN    
5 p2 r1/2 Ernest Walmsley   Great Britain GBR    
6 p1 r1/2 Joseph Callens 26 Belgium BEL    
6 p2 r1/2 Guglielmo De Sanctis   Italy ITA    
7 p1 r1/2 Rémi Weil 20 France FRA    
7 p2 r1/2 Paul Knuchel   Switzerland SUI

Men's Platform

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Antwerp Swimming Stadium, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 28, 1920
Date Finished: August 29, 1920
Format: 5 and 10 metre boards.

Competitors 14 or 15from 6 or 7 nations

Summary

[Bud Pinkston] was the favorite in this event, having won the 1920 AAU Championship and he did not disappoint. The American bronze medalist, [Harry Prieste], died in April 2001, then aged 103 years old. At the 2000 Olympics, he attended the Sydney Games, returning an Olympic flag that he had )borrowed) while a competitor in Antwerp.

The fancy high diving consisted of four optional and four compulsory dives, executed from both height platforms. The compulsory dives were as follows: #6 - inward dive; #11 - front handstand dive; #17 - 1½ somersault dive from handstand; #19 - reverse dive, pike position.

The men's 10 metre platform was one of five diving events on the diving at the 1920 Summer Olympics programme. The competition was held on Sunday, August 28, 1920 (first round) and on Monday, August 29, 1920 (final).

Sources vary on whether Adolfo Wellisch competed, and thus whether 14 or 15 divers from 6 or 7 nations competed. The official report does not list him, but both de Wael and sports-reference[1] include him, with the latter even giving a score

Final

Monday, August 29, 1920:

Place Diver Points Score
1st, gold medalist(s)  Clarence Pinkston (USA) 7 503.30
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Erik Adlerz (SWE) 10 495.40
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Harry Prieste (USA) 16 468.65
4  Gustaf Blomgren (SWE) 23 453.80
5  Yngve Johnson (SWE) 27 424.00
6  Louis Balbach (USA) 28 424.00
7  Adolfo Wellisch (BRA) 29 423.80

First round

Sunday, August 28, 1920: The three divers who scored the smallest number of points in each group of the first round advanced to the final.

Group 1

Place Diver Points Score
1  Yngve Johnson (SWE) 7 445.80
2  Clarence Pinkston (USA) 10 443.00
3  Louis Balbach (USA) 17 409.15
4  Gunnar Ekstrand (SWE) 20 402.80
5  Paul Køhler (DEN) 23 387.40
6  Richard Flint (CAN) 28 351.35

Group 2

Place Diver Points Score
1  Erik Adlerz (SWE) 9 468.50
2  Gustaf Blomgren (SWE) 11 468.10
3  Harry Prieste (USA) 17 441.80
4  Lauri Kyöstilä (FIN) 21 441.80
5  Svend Sørensen (DEN) 21 414.80
6  Clyde Swendsen (USA) 26 414.80
7  Kalle Kainuvaara (FIN) 35 356.80
8  Sigvard Andersen (NOR) 40 264.70

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Bud Pinkston 20 United States USA Gold  
2 Erik Adlerz 27 Sweden SWE Silver  
3 Harry Prieste 23 United States USA Bronze  
4 Gustaf Blomgren 32 Sweden SWE    
5 Yngve Johnson 24 Sweden SWE    
6 Louis Balbach 23 United States USA    
7 Adolpho Wellisch 34 Brazil BRA    
4 p1 r1/2 Gunnar Ekstrand 28 Sweden SWE    
4 p2 r1/2 Lauri Kyöstilä 26 Finland FIN    
5 p1 r1/2 Paul Köhler 24 Denmark DEN    
5 p2 r1/2 Sven Palle Sørensen 21 Denmark DEN    
6 p1 r1/2 Richard Flint 20 Canada CAN    
6 p2 r1/2 Clyde Swendsen 24 United States USA    
7 p2 r1/2 Kalle Kainuvaara 29 Finland FIN    
8 p2 r1/2 Sigvard Andersen 26 Norway NOR  

Men's Plain High

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Antwerp Swimming Stadium, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 22, 1920
Date Finished: August 25, 1920
Format: 5 and 10 metre boards.

Competitors 22from 11 nations

Summary

In the plain high diving, Swedes took the first four places, with Erik Adlerz, who won silver at fancy high diving, bringing up the rear of those four. The silver medal winner was Nils Skoglund, who was only 14 years and 11 days old on the day that event ended. He remains the youngest male ever to win a medal in Olympic diving. He is also the youngest male to ever win an individual medal in the Olympics, trailing five women in that category. The 1920 plain high diving event consisted of four dives - one each running and standing from both the 5- and 10-metre platforms.

The men's plain high diving was one of five diving events on the diving at the 1920 Summer Olympics programme. The competition was held on Monday, August 22, Tuesday, August 23, and on Thursday, August 25, 1920.

Twenty-two divers from eleven nations competed.

Final

Place Diver Points Score
1  Arvid Wallman (SWE) 7 183.5
2  Nils Skoglund (SWE) 8 183.0
3  John Jansson (SWE) 16 175.0
4  Erik Adlerz (SWE) 19 173.0
5  Yrjö Valkama (FIN) 23 167.5
6  Herold Jansson (DEN) 27 159.0
7  Fernand Sauvage (BEL) 34 148.5
8  Adolfo Wellisch (BRA) 37 153.0
9  Harold Clarke (GBR) 40 142.0

First round

The three divers who scored the smallest number of points in each group of the first round advanced to the final.

Group 1

Place Diver Points Score
1  Nils Skoglund (SWE) 10 153.0
2  Herold Jansson (DEN) 13 152.0
3  Fernand Sauvage (BEL) 17 145.5
4  Albert Dickin (GBR) 17 140.5
5  Sigvard Andersen (NOR) 21 139.0
6  Richard Beauchamp (USA) 23 135.0
7  Guglielmo De Sanctis (ITA) 33 98.0

Group 2

Place Diver Points Score
1  Arvid Wallman (SWE) 8 175.5
2  Erik Adlerz (SWE) 11 177.0
3  Adolfo Wellisch (BRA) 14 162.0
4  Kalle Kainuvaara (FIN) 15 160.0
5  Clyde Swendsen (USA) 25 148.0
6  Frank Mullen (USA) 27 144.0
7  Richard Flint (CAN) 34 126.0
8  Masaren Uchida (JPN) 40 94.0

Group 3

Place Diver Points Score
1  John Jansson (SWE) 8 171.5
2  Harold Clarke (GBR) 10 164.5
3  Yrjö Valkama (FIN) 14 157.0
4  Harry Prieste (USA) 18 149.5
5  Svend Sørensen (DEN) 27 137.0
6  Bernhard Dahl (NOR) 28 136.5
7  Joseph De Sonay (BEL) 35 129.0

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Arvid Wallman 19 Sweden SWE Gold  
2 Nils Skoglund 13 Sweden SWE Silver  
3 Johan Jansson 27 Sweden SWE Bronze  
4 Erik Adlerz 27 Sweden SWE    
5 Yrjö Valkama 25 Finland FIN    
6 Herold Jansson 20 Denmark DEN    
7 Fernand Sauvage   Belgium BEL    
8 Adolpho Wellisch 34 Brazil BRA    
9 Harold Clarke   Great Britain GBR    
4 p1 r1/2 Albert Dickin   Great Britain GBR    
4 p2 r1/2 Kalle Kainuvaara 29 Finland FIN    
4 p3 r1/2 Harry Prieste 23 United States USA    
5 p1 r1/2 Sigvard Andersen 26 Norway NOR    
5 p2 r1/2 Clyde Swendsen 24 United States USA    
5 p3 r1/2 Sven Palle Sørensen 21 Denmark DEN    
6 p1 r1/2 Richard Beauchamp 19 United States USA    
6 p2 r1/2 Frank Mullen 32 United States USA    
6 p3 r1/2 Bernhard Dahl 21 Norway NOR    
7 p1 r1/2 Guglielmo De Sanctis   Italy ITA    
7 p2 r1/2 Richard Flint 20 Canada CAN    
7 p3 r1/2 Joseph de Sonay 23 Belgium BEL    
8 p2 r1/2 Masaren Uchida 22 Japan JPN  

Women's Springboard

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Antwerp Swimming Stadium, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 29, 1920
Date Finished: August 29, 1920
Format: 1 and 3 metre boards.

Competitors 4from 1 nation

Summary

Only four women, all Americans, entered the springboard event, and they obviously swept the medals. Aileen Riggin was the gold medalist, trailed by Helen Wainwright in second. On the day that event was held, Riggin was 14 years, 120 days old, while Wainwright was only 14 years, 168 days old. They were the youngest women ever to medal at the Olympics to that date. Riggin remains the second youngest gold medalist ever in diving, while Riggin and Wainwright still rate as the fifth and sixth youngest diving medalists ever among women Olympians. Riggin is still the fifth youngest individual gold medalist in Olympic history through 2000.

The women competed on the springboard with the same rules as the men. The divers had to perform compulsory and optional dives from both the one- and three-metre springboards. In addition, the divers were required to perform two dives drawn by lot, which were surprise dives disclosed to the contestants just before the competition so that they had no time to practice them. There were six compulsory dives, four voluntary dives, and two drawn dives. The required dives were as follows: #6 - forward dive, hand on sides on entry, header forward, running takeoff; #13 - back dive with half-twist; #26 - forward running 1½ pike; #34 - inward somersault pike; #37 - reverse dive, layout position, standing takeoff, hands on side at entry (also known as Auerbach or Isander); #46 - reverse dive, pike position, hands on side at entry. The voluntary dives had to be four dives from four different groups, with all ranging degree of difficulty from 1.7-2.0.

The women's 3 metre springboard was presented to the Olympic Games for the first time as one of five diving events on the diving at the 1920 Summer Olympics programme. The competition was held on Monday, August 29, 1920.

Four divers all from the United States competed.

Results

Monday, August 29, 1920: Since there were only four entries, a direct final was competed.

Final

Place Diver Points Score
1st, gold medalist(s)  Aileen Riggin (USA) 9 539.9
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Helen Wainwright (USA) 9 534.8
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Thelma Payne (USA) 12 534.1
4  Aileen Allen (USA) 20 489.8

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Aileen Riggin 13 United States USA Gold  
2 Helen Wainwright 14 United States USA Silver  
3 Thelma Payne 23 United States USA Bronze  
4 Aileen Allen 31 United States USA

Women's Plain High

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): Antwerp Swimming Stadium, Antwerpen
Date Started: August 24, 1920
Date Finished: August 28, 1920
Format: 4 and 8 metre boards.

Competitors 15from 6 nations

Summary

The 1920 women’s plain high diving event was contested under the same rules as the men’s event. It consisted of four dives - one each running and standing from both the 4- and 8-metre platforms. For her victory, in addition to a gold medal, Clausen was also awarded possession of the Challenge Prize that had been donated by Contessa Casa de Miranda.

The women's 10 metre platform was one of five diving events on the diving at the 1920 Summer Olympics programme. The competition was held on Wednesday, August 24, 1920 (first round) and on Montag, August 29, 1920 (final).

Fifteen divers from six nations competed.

Final

Montag, August 29, 1920:

Place Diver Points Score
1st, gold medalist(s)  Stefanie Clausen (DEN) 6 173.0
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Beatrice Armstrong (GBR) 10 166.0
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Eva Olliwier (SWE) 11 166.0
4  Isabelle White (GBR) 18 158.5
5  Aileen Riggin (USA) 20 157.0
6  Betty Grimes (USA) 30 133.5

First round

Wednesday, August 24, 1920: The three divers who scored the smallest number of points in each group of the first round advanced to the final.

Group 1

Place Diver Points Score
1  Beatrice Armstrong (GBR) 7 158.0
2  Betty Grimes (USA) 13 156.0
3  Stefanie Clausen (DEN) 15 153.0
4  Ragnhild Larsen (NOR) 16 152.0
5  Karin Leiditz (SWE) 20 147.0
6  Selma Andersson (SWE) 25 143.0
7  Alice Lord (USA) 35 118.5

Group 2

Place Diver Points Score
1  Eva Olliwier (SWE) 6 152.0
2  Aileen Riggin (USA) 15 155.5
3  Isabelle White (GBR) 20 148.5
4  Lily Beaurepaire (AUS) 19 147.5
5  Helen Meany (USA) 23 145.0
6  Brynhild Berge (NOR) 29 140.5
7  Märta Adlerz (SWE) 29 136.5
8  Louise Petersen (DEN) 34 130.0

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal  
1 Stefanie Clausen 20 Denmark DEN Gold  
2 Eileen Armstrong 26 Great Britain GBR Silver  
3 Ewa Olliwier 16 Sweden SWE Bronze  
4 Belle White 25 Great Britain GBR    
5 Aileen Riggin 13 United States USA    
6 Betty Grimes 20 United States USA    
4 p1 r1/2 Ragnhild Larsen 20 Norway NOR    
4 p2 r1/2 Lily Beaurepaire 26 Australia AUS    
5 p1 r1/2 Karin Leiditz 24 Sweden SWE    
5 p2 r1/2 Helen Meany 15 United States USA    
6 p1 r1/2 Selma Andersson 25 Sweden SWE    
6 p2 r1/2 Brynhild Berge 18 Norway NOR    
7 p1 r1/2 Alice Lord 18 United States USA    
7 p2 r1/2 Märta Adlerz 23 Sweden SWE    
8 p2 r1/2 Louise Petersen 26 Denmark DEN    
   

 

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