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1920  Antwerp Summer Olympics

1920 Summer Olympics - The Results (Art competitions)

Art competitions at the 1920 Antwerpen Summer Games

 

 

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Date Started: April 23, 1920
Date Finished: September 12, 1920
Events: 5

Participants: 11 (10 men and 1 women) from 5 countries
Youngest Participant: ITA Raniero Nicolai (26 years, 200 days)
Oldest Participant: ITA Oreste Riva (59 years, 276 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 11 athletes with 1 medal
Most Medals (Country): BEL Belgium (6 medals)

 
 

Overview

Very little information about the Art Competitions can be found in Verdyck’s Official Report, which has only the results. The article by G. De Nijn, Een nieuw licht op de Olympische kunstprijskampen te Antwerpen in 1920, contains only the names of the medal winners. Richard Stanton, in his book on the Olympic Art Competitions, was only able to identify artists from 18 countries submitting works. Thus, there is limited information available about the artists and their works, as opposed to the Art Competitions in later years, for which brochures with a list of artists and their works exist, some with photos. There was no such publication for Antwerp. Also it is not known whether the works were exhibited. Regardless, in Antwerp two art exhibitions took place, one on Belgian art since 1830 and the other for contemporary Belgian artists. It is possible that in one of these exhibitions, there was also a room with the Olympic works.

Art competitions were held as part of the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium. Medals were awarded in five categories (architecture, literature, music, painting, and sculpture), for works inspired by sport-related themes.

Art competitions were part of the Olympic program from 1912 to 1948, but were discontinued due to concerns about amateurism and professionalism. Since 1952, a non-competitive art and cultural festival has been associated with each Games.

 

Medal summary

Category Gold Silver Bronze
Architecture none awarded  Holger Sinding-Larsen (NOR)
Project for a gymnastics school
none awarded
Literature  Raniero Nicolai (ITA)
"Canzoni Olimpioniche"
 Theodore Andrea Cook (GBR)
"Olympic Games of Antwerp"
 Maurice Bladel (BEL)
"La Louange des Dieux"
Music  Georges Monier (BEL)
"Olympique"
 Oreste Riva (ITA)
"Marcia trionfale"
none awarded
Painting none awarded  Henriette Brossin de Polanska (FRA)
"L'élan"
 Alfred Ost (BEL)
"Joueur de Football"
Sculpture  Albéric Collin (BEL)
"La Force"
 Simon Goossens (BEL)
"Les Patineurs"
 Alphons De Cuyper (BEL)
"Lanceur de Poids" and "Coureur"
  

Medal table

At the time, medals were awarded to these artists, but art competitions are no longer regarded as official Olympic events by the International Olympic Committee. These events do not appear in the IOC medal database, and these totals are not included in the IOC's medal table for the 1920 Games.

 
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Belgium (BEL) 2 1 3 6
2  Italy (ITA) 1 1 0 2
3  France (FRA) 0 1 0 1
 Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 0 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 1 0 1
Totals (5 nations) 3 5 3 11
 

Mixed Architecture

 Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): , Antwerpen
Date Started: April 23, 1920
Date Finished: September 12, 1920
 

Summary

A gold medal was not awarded in the architecture competition. The silver medal went to Norwegian [Holger Sinding-Larsen] for the Project pour une Ecole de Gymnastique (description and construction drawing of a gymnastics school). The bronze medal was also not awarded.

 

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal Title  
2 Holger Sinding-Larsen 50 Norway NOR Silver Building Plan of a Physical Culture School  

Mixed Literature

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): , Antwerpen
Date Started: April 23, 1920
Date Finished: September 12, 1920

Summary

The gold medal was awarded to the Italian poet [Raniero Nicolai] for Canzoni Olympioniche (Olympic Songs), which referenced the history of the ancient runner at Marathon. The silver medal went to the British [Theodore Andrea Cook] for the poem Olympic Games of Antwerp, which was an ode on the horrors of World War I. Cook had captained the British fencing team in Athina 1906. The British art criticer and writer had e tenure in the IOC from 1909-15 and edited the Official Report of the 1908 London Games. He resigned in protest over Coubertin keeping German and Axis members on the IOC. The bronze medal was given to the Belgian [Maurice Bladel] for La Louange des Dieux, but very little is known about him, although he was probably an art critic. In 1915 he published a script Vampires, and later did a study about Georges van Eeckhoud, L'oeuvre de Georges Eekhoud (1922) and a book on Flemish posters (1924).

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal Title  
1 Raniero Nicolai 26 Italy ITA Gold Olympic Songs  
2 Theodore Andrea Cook 53 Great Britain GBR Silver Olympic Games of Antwerp  
3 Maurice Bladel 34 Belgium BEL Bronze The Praise of the Gods  

Mixed Music

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): , Antwerpen
Date Started: April 23, 1920
Date Finished: September 12, 1920

Summary

The gold medal went to the Belgian [Georges Monier] for Olympique (title uncertain). The silver medal was awarded to the Italian [Oreste Riva] for Marcia Trionfale (title uncertain). A bronze medal was not awarded.

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal Title  
1 Georges Monier 28 Belgium BEL Gold Olympic  
2 Oreste Riva 59 Italy ITA Silver Triumphal March  

Mixed Painting

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): , Antwerpen
Date Started: April 23, 1920
Date Finished: September 12, 1920

Summary

In the painting competition, the jury could not decide on a gold medal. The silver medal went to the Frenchwoman [Henriette Brossin de Mère-de Polanska] for L'Elan (The Jump), although the title of this work can not be definitively confirmed. The bronze medal was awarded to the Belgian [Alfred Ost] for the poster Joueur de Football (Soccer player), probably already designed in 1910. The original can now be visited in Sportimonium (Sports Museum of Flandern) in Haverlee.

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal Title  
2 Henriette Brossin de Mère-de Polanska 41 France FRA Silver The Jump  
3 Alfred Ost 36 Belgium BEL Bronze Football Player  

Mixed Sculpturing

Host City: Antwerpen, Belgium
Venue(s): , Antwerpen
Date Started: April 23, 1920
Date Finished: September 12, 1920

Summary

The gold medal in sculpture was given to the Belgian [Alberic Collin] for La Force (the compulsion), while the silver medal went to the Belgian [Simon Goossens] and his sculpture Les Patineurs (The Skaters). The bronze medal went to another Belgian [Alphonse De Cuyper] for the sculptures Lanceur de Poids (Shot put) and Coureur (Runner). The other sculptures entered are not known but two sculptures by [Robert Tait McKenzie] from 1911 are shown in the report of the US American Committee, so it can be assumed that he entered the competition but received no medal.

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal Title  
1 Albéric Collin 34 Belgium BEL Gold Strength  
2 Simon Goossens 26 Belgium BEL Silver Skaters  
3 Alphonse De Cuyper 43 Belgium BEL Bronze Shot Putter  
   

 

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