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1928  Amsterdam Summer Olympics

1928 Summer Olympics - The Results (Swimming-Men)

Swimming at the 1928 Amsterdam Summer Games

 

 
 

Host City: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Date Started: August 4, 1928
Date Finished: August 11, 1928
Events: 11

Participants: 182 (110 men and 72 women) from 28 countries
Youngest Participant: GBR Margery Hinton (13 years, 44 days)
Oldest Participant: GBR Dora Gibbs (41 years, 41 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): GBR Joyce Cooper (3 medals)
Most Medals (Country): USA United States (11 medals)

Participating nations

182 swimmers from 28 nations competed. Chile, Ireland, Panama, the Philippines, and Poland competed in swimming for the first time.

  •  Argentina (4)
  •  Australia (5)
  •  Austria (3)
  •  Belgium (5)
  •  Canada (6)
  •  Chile (4)
  •  Czechoslovakia (1)
  •  Denmark (5)
  •  Finland (1)
  •  France (13)
 
  •  Germany (19)
  •  Great Britain (21)
  •  Hungary (8)
  •  Ireland (2)
  •  Italy (5)
  •  Japan (10)
  •  Luxembourg (3)
  •  Netherlands (14)
  •  New Zealand (4)
  •  Norway (1)
 
  •  Panama (1)
  •  Philippines (2)
  •  Poland (2)
  •  South Africa (5)
  •  Spain (5)
  •  Sweden (9)
  •  Switzerland (1)
  •  United States (23)
 

Overview

The 1928 Swim Stadium in Amsterdam was a temporary venue that was built for the 1928 Olympics and was demolished in 1929. The Olympic swimming program in 1928 was precisely the same as in 1924, with six events for men and five for women.

The United States led both types of medal lists (medals and golds) overall, and for both men and women. They won 6 golds and 11 medals in all, with the men winning 3 golds and 6 medals, and the women winning 3 golds and 5 medals.

Britain’s [Joyce Cooper] was the only swimmer to win three medals, but failed to win a gold, winning one silver and two bronze. Four American swimmers won two gold medals – [Martha Norelius], [Albina Osipowich], [George Kojac], and [Johnny Weissmuller].

Medal table

 
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 6 2 3 11
2  Netherlands (NED) 1 2 0 3
3  Germany (GER) 1 1 1 3
 Japan (JPN) 1 1 1 3
5  Sweden (SWE) 1 0 1 2
6  Argentina (ARG) 1 0 0 1
7  Great Britain (GBR) 0 2 2 4
8  Australia (AUS) 0 2 0 2
9  Hungary (HUN) 0 1 0 1
10  Canada (CAN) 0 0 1 1
 Philippines (PHI) 0 0 1 1
 South Africa (RSA) 0 0 1 1
Totals (12 nations) 11 11 11 33

Medal summary

Men's events

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 m freestyle Johnny Weissmuller
 United States
István Bárány
 Hungary
Katsuo Takaishi
 Japan
400 m freestyle Alberto Zorrilla
 Argentina
Boy Charlton
 Australia
Arne Borg
 Sweden
1500 m freestyle Arne Borg
 Sweden
Boy Charlton
 Australia
Buster Crabbe
 United States
100 m backstroke George Kojac
 United States
Walter Laufer
 United States
Paul Wyatt
 United States
200 m breaststroke Yoshiyuki Tsuruta
 Japan
Erich Rademacher
 Germany
Teófilo Yldefonso
 Philippines
4×200 m freestyle relay  United States (USA)
Austin Clapp
George Kojac
Walter Laufer
Johnny Weissmuller
 Japan (JPN)
Nobuo Arai
Tokuhei Sada
Katsuo Takaishi
Hiroshi Yoneyama
 Canada (CAN)
Garnet Ault
Munroe Bourne
Walter Spence
James Thompson
 

Men's 100 metres Freestyle

Host City: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Venue(s): Swimming Stadium, Amsterdam
Date Started: August 10, 1928
Date Finished: August 11, 1928

Competitors 30 from 17 nations

Summary

With an unbeaten record that stretched back seven years and arriving in Amsterdam as both defending champion and world record holder record, [Johnny Weissmuller] was a clear favourite for the sprinter’s crown at the 1928 Games. He cruised through the heat and semi-final, each time marking his nearest rival until a finishing kick asserted his dominance to both crowd and opponents. Weissmuller lost time to a poor start and although he trailed the surprise of the event, [István Bárány] of Hungary, early in the race, the American moved ahead only for the Hungarian to surge again and close the gap on the leader. Weissmuller’s superior turning technique gained him time on his rival and he moved away to victory. It should be mentioned that a conflicting report on the race states that Weissmuller actually lost time coming out of the turn as he swallowed a large gulp of water and became briefly disorientated before regaining his composure. He trained for the Los Angeles Games of 1932 but he was enticed by Hollywood and went to play the part of “Tarzan” in motion pictures for the next fifteen years. Although his acting abilities were somewhat limited, he remains to this day an iconic figure in movie history. This was Weissmuller fifth and final Olympic gold, a tally neatly equalled by the number of his marriages. [Walter Spence] of Canada, who finished sixth, learned to swim in the rivers of Guyana and bore the scars left by numerous piranha bites.

The men's 100 metre freestyle was a swimming event held as part of the swimming at the 1928 Summer Olympics programme.[1] It was the sixth appearance of the event, which had not been featured only at the 1900 Games. The competition was held on Friday and Saturday, 10 and 11 August 1928.

Thirty swimmers from 17 nations competed.

Records

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in seconds) prior to the 1928 Summer Olympics.

World Record 57.4 United States Johnny Weissmuller Miami (USA) 17 February 1924
Olympic Record 59.0 United States Johnny Weissmuller Paris (FRA) 20 July 1924

Johnny Weissmuller improved his own Olympic record in the semi-finals with 58.6 seconds and equalized this time again in the final.

Final

Saturday 11 August 1928:

Place Swimmer Time
1  Johnny Weissmuller (USA) 0:58.6 =OR
2  István Bárány (HUN) 0:59.8
3  Katsuo Takaishi (JPN) 1:00.0
4  George Kojac (USA) 1:00.8
5  Walter Laufer (USA) 1:01.0
6  Walter Spence (CAN) 1:01.4
7  Alberto Zorrilla (ARG) 1:01.6

Semifinals

The fastest two in each semi-final and the fastest third-placed from across the semi-finals advanced.

Semifinal 1

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Katsuo Takaishi (JPN) 1:00.0 QF
2  Walter Laufer (USA) 1:00.6 QF
3  Walter Spence (CAN) 1:01.4 qf
4  Antal Gáborfi (HUN) 1:04.8  
5  Antonio Conelli (ITA)    

Semifinal 2

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  George Kojac (USA) 1:01.0 QF
2  Alberto Zorrilla (ARG) 1:01.6 QF
3  Rezső Wanié (HUN) 1:03.8  
4  Francisco Uranga (ARG)    
5  Karl Schubert (GER)    

Semifinal 3

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Johnny Weissmuller (USA) 0:58.6 QF OR
2  István Bárány (HUN) 1:00.8 QF
3  August Heitmann (GER) 1:03.6  
4  Knut Olsen (NOR)    
5  Emillio Polli (ITA)    

Heats

The fastest two in each heat and the fastest third-placed from across the heats advanced.

Heat 1

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Walter Laufer (USA) 1:00.8 QQ
2  Katsuo Takaishi (JPN) 1:01.2 QQ
3  August Heitmann (GER) 1:02.2 qq
4  Eskil Lundahl (SWE) 1:03.0  
5  Hernán Schüler (CHI)    

Heat 2

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Rezső Wanié (HUN) 1:03.4 QQ
2  Francisco Uranga (ARG) 1:05.6 QQ
3  Gustave Klein (FRA) 1:05.8  
4  M. Astaburuaga (CHI)    
5  Martial van Schelle (BEL)    

Heat 3

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Johnny Weissmuller (USA) 1:00.0 QQ
2  Walter Spence (CAN) 1:00.6 QQ
3  Norman Brooks (GBR) 1:03.4  
4  Herbert Heinrich (GER)    

Heat 4

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Antal Gáborfi (HUN) 1:04.0 QQ
2  Antonio Conelli (ITA) 1:07.0 QQ
3  Adán Gordón (PAN) 1:10.8  

Heat 5

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Alberto Zorrilla (ARG) 1:01.8 QQ
2  Knut Olsen (NOR) 1:05.0 QQ
3  Sven-Pelle Pettersson (SWE) 1:06.4  
4  Faelo Zúñiga (CHI)    

Heat 6

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  George Kojac (USA) 1:01.6 QQ
2  Karl Schubert (GER) 1:03.8 QQ
3  Reginald Sutton (GBR) 1:04.0  
4  Munroe Bourne (CAN)    

Heat 7

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  István Bárány (HUN) 1:01.2 QQ
2  Emilio Polli (ITA) 1:04.0 QQ
3  Henk van Essen (NED) 1:07.4  
4  José González (ESP)    
5  Władysław Kuncewicz (POL) 1:10.8  

Men's 400 metres Freestyle

Host City: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Venue(s): Swimming Stadium, Amsterdam
Date Started: August 7, 1928
Date Finished: August 9, 1928

Competitors 26 from 17 nations

Summary

[Johnny Weissmuller] of the USA was the champion four years earlier in Paris but did not defend his title in Amsterdam. The USA was still well represented by a trio of top class swimmers, Argentina by the New York based [Alberto Zorilla] and the two other medallists from Paris, [Arne Borg] and [Andrew “Boy” Charlton],returned with strong chances to upgrade their medals to gold. It was Borg who recorded the fastest times in both heat and semi-final as the fancied contenders all the made their way to the final. Borg and Charlton were old rivals and seemed more intent on watching each other than the other swimmers and, although the two men fought for the lead throughout the race, Zorilla was able to move through from an outside draw and win Argentina’s first Olympic swimming championship by two clear seconds. The Argentine was an all-round sportsman, also excelling at rowing, boxing and athletics. His plan to defend his title in Los Angeles was thwarted by illness.

The men's 400 metre freestyle was a swimming event held as part of the swimming at the 1928 Summer Olympics programme. It was the fifth appearance of the event, which was established in 1908. The competition was held from Tuesday to Thursday, 7 to 9 August 1928.

Twenty-six swimmers from 17 nations competed.

Records

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in minutes) prior to the 1928 Summer Olympics.

World Record 4:50.3 Sweden Arne Borg Stockholm (SWE) 11 September 1925
Olympic Record 5:04.2 United States Johnny Weissmuller Paris (FRA) 18 July 1924

In the final Alberto Zorrilla bettered the Olympic record to 5:01.6 minutes.

Final

Friday 10 August 1928:

Place Swimmer Time
1  Alberto Zorrilla (ARG) 5:01.6 OR
2  Boy Charlton (AUS) 5:03.6
3  Arne Borg (SWE) 5:04.6
4  Buster Crabbe (USA) 5:05.4
5  Austin Clapp (USA) 5:16.0
6  Ray Ruddy (USA) 5:25.0

Semifinals

Wednesday 8 August 1928: The fastest three in each semi-final advanced to the final.

Semifinal 1

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Alberto Zorrilla (ARG) 5:11.4 QF
2  Boy Charlton (AUS) 5:13.6 QF
3  Ray Ruddy (USA) 5:20.6 QF
4  Garnet Ault (CAN)    
5  Hiroshi Yoneyama (JPN)    
 Jack Hatfield (GBR) DNS  
 Nobuo Arai (JPN) DNS  

Semifinal 2

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Arne Borg (SWE) 5:05.4 QF
2  Buster Crabbe (USA) 5:06.2 QF
3  Austin Clapp (USA) 5:06.8 QF
4  Katsuo Takaishi (JPN)    
5  Herbert Heinrich (GER)    
6  Albert Vandeplancke (FRA)    

Heats

Tuesday 7 August 1928: The fastest two in each heat and the fastest third-placed from across the heats advanced.

Heat 1

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Austin Clapp (USA) 5:13.4 QQ
2  Nobuo Arai (JPN) 5:23.4 QQ
3  Friedel Berges (GER) 5:27.8  
4  James Thompson (CAN)    

Heat 2

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Buster Crabbe (USA) 5:09.8 QQ
2  Hiroshi Yoneyama (JPN) 5:17.8 QQ
3  Albert Vandeplancke (FRA) 5:20.0 qq
4  Géza Szigritz (HUN) 5:41.0  
5  Arthur Watts (GBR)    

Heat 3

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Garnet Ault (CAN) 5:18.8 QQ
2  Herbert Heinrich (GER) 5:20.0 QQ
3  Václav Antoš (TCH) 5:39.8  
4  Taburan Tamse (PHI)    

Heat 4

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Arne Borg (SWE) 5:09.6 QQ
2  Ray Ruddy (USA) 5:26.4 QQ
3  Walter Handschuhmacher (GER) 5:32.0  
4  Rezső Wanié (HUN) 5:35.2  

Heat 5

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Katsuo Takaishi (JPN) 5:22.8 QQ
2  Boy Charlton (AUS) 5:23.0 QQ
3  Paolo Costoli (ITA)    
4  Adán Gordón (PAN)    
5  Hernán Téllez (CHI)    

Heat 6

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Alberto Zorrilla (ARG) 5:19.2 QQ
2  Jack Hatfield (GBR) 5:32.8 QQ
3  David Lindsay (NZL) 5:38.6  
4  William Broderick (IRL)    

Men's 1,500 metres Freestyle

Host City: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Venue(s): Swimming Stadium, Amsterdam
Date Started: August 4, 1928
Date Finished: August 6, 1928

Competitors 19 from 13 nations

Summary

[Arne Borg] would eventually set over thirty world records at a variety of distances but this victory in Amsterdam was his only Olympic gold medal though he competed in three Olympic Games. The “Swedish Sturgeon”, as he was dubbed by the press, dominated the competition from the heats and was never headed in the final as he swam away from the moment the gun sounded to finish ten seconds ahead of the “Manly Flying Fish”, Australia’s defending champion, [Andrew “Boy” Charlton]. [Clarence “Buster” Crabbe] secured the bronze though his nickname seemed tame by comparison.

The men's 1500 metre freestyle was a swimming event held as part of the swimming at the 1928 Summer Olympics programme. It was the fifth appearance of the event, which was established in 1908. The competition was held from Saturday to Monday, 4 to 6 August 1928.

Nineteen swimmers from 13 nations competed.

Records

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in minutes) prior to the 1928 Summer Olympics.

World Record 19:07.2 Sweden Arne Borg Bologna (ITA) 2 September 1927
Olympic Record 20:06.6 Australia Boy Charlton Paris (FRA) 15 July 1924

In the final Arne Borg bettered the Olympic record to 19:51.8 minutes.

Final

Monday 6 August 1928:

Place Swimmer Time
1  Arne Borg (SWE) 19:51.8 OR
2  Boy Charlton (AUS) 20:02.6
3  Buster Crabbe (USA) 20:28.8
4  Ray Ruddy (USA) 21:05.0
5  Alberto Zorrilla (ARG) 21:23.8
6  Garnet Ault (CAN) 21:46.0

Semifinals

Sunday 5 August 1928: The fastest three in each semi-final advanced to the final.

Semifinal 1

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Arne Borg (SWE) 20:42.0 QF
2  Alberto Zorrilla (ARG) 21:17.0 QF
3  Garnet Ault (CAN) 21:33.4 QF
4  Nobuo Arai (JPN)    
 Takaji Takebayashi (JPN) DNF  
 Austin Clapp (USA) DNS  

Semifinal 2

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Buster Crabbe (USA) 20:55.4 QF
2  Boy Charlton (AUS) 20:57.0 QF
3  Ray Ruddy (USA) 21:31.2 QF
4  Giuseppe Perentin (ITA)    
 Katsuo Takaishi (JPN) DNS  

Heats

Saturday 4 August 1928: The fastest two in each heat and the fastest third-placed from across the heats advanced.

Heat 1

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Austin Clapp (USA) 21:31.0 QQ
2  Takaji Takebayashi (JPN) 22:30.4 QQ
3  James Thompson (CAN) 22:56.6  
4  Giovanni Gambi (ITA)    
5  Jean Taris (FRA)    

Heat 2

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Nobuo Arai (JPN) 21:35.4 QQ
2  Giuseppe Perentin (ITA) 21:42.4 QQ
3  Dick de Man (NED) 23:03.2  
4  David Lindsay (NZL)    

Heat 3

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Katsuo Takaishi (JPN) 21:20.8 QQ
2  Ray Ruddy (USA) 22:12.0 QQ
3  Václav Antoš (TCH) 22:43.0  

Heat 4

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Alberto Zorrilla (ARG) 22:21.2 QQ
2  Garnet Ault (CAN) 22:55.8 QQ

Heat 5

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Arne Borg (SWE) 20:14.2 QQ
2  Boy Charlton (AUS) 20:17.4 QQ
3  Buster Crabbe (USA) 20:17.8 qq
4  Walter Handschuhmacher (GER) 22:18.6  
5  Taburan Tamse (PHI)

Men's 4 x— 200 metres Freestyle Relay

Host City: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Venue(s): Swimming Stadium, Amsterdam
Date Started: August 11, 1928
Date Finished: August 11, 1928

Competitors 55 from 13 nations

Summary

The United States were again strong gold medal favourites although the gap between them and the rest of the world had closed in the four years since Paris. The world record did not survive the opening heat; Japan took more than ten seconds off the existing record but still found themselves four seconds behind the Americans. The disqualification of both Italy and Germany saw surprising finalists in the Spanish team, they had trailed in a time over two minutes down on the new world record. The final saw the United States hold a narrow lead at the halfway mark before [George Kojac] and then [Johnny Weissmuller] pulled away from the field. Canada and Japan fought a tenacious battle for the runners-up position which was decided by [Katsuo Takaishi]’s impressive anchor leg.

The men's 4×200 metre freestyle relay was a swimming event held as part of the swimming at the 1928 Summer Olympics programme. It was the fifth appearance of the event, which was established in 1908. The competition was held on Saturday 11 August 1928.

Fifty-five swimmers from 13 nations competed.

Records

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in minutes) prior to the 1928 Summer Olympics.

World Record 9:49.6 Germany
Germany
Germany
Germany
  1927
Olympic Record 9:53.4 United States Ralph Breyer
United States Harry Glancy
United States Wally O'Connor
United States Johnny Weissmuller
Paris (FRA) 20 July 1924

The United States with Paul Samson, Austin Clapp, David Young, and Johnny Weissmuller set a new world record in the semi-final with 9:38.8 minutes. In the final the United States with Austin Clapp, Walter Laufer, George Kojac, and Johnny Weissmuller bettered the world record to 9:36.2 minutes.

Final

Place Swimmers Time
1  Austin Clapp, Walter Laufer, George Kojac, and Johnny Weissmuller (USA) 9:36.2 WR
2  Hiroshi Yoneyama, Nobuo Arai, Tokuhei Sada, and Katsuo Takaishi (JPN) 9:41.4
3  Munroe Bourne, James Thompson, Garnet Ault, and Walter Spence (CAN) 9:47.8
4  András Wanié, Rezső Wanié, Géza Szigritz, and István Bárány (HUN) 9:57.0
5  Aulo Gustafsson, Sven-Pelle Pettersson, Eskil Lundahl, and Arne Borg (SWE) 10:01.8
6  Reginald Sutton, Joseph Whiteside, Edward Peter, and Albert Dickin (GBR) 10:15.8
7  José González, Estanislao Artal, Ramón Artigas, and Francisco Segalá (ESP)  
Note: The International Olympic Committee medal database shows only these four swimmers from the United States as gold medalist. Paul Samson and David Young both swam in the semi-final are not credited with medals. Also the Japanese Kazuo Noda who swam in the semi-final is not listed as silver medalist.

Semifinals

The fastest two in each semi-final and the fastest third-placed from across the semi-finals advanced to the final.

Semifinal 1

Place Swimmers Time Qual.
1  Paul Samson, Austin Clapp, David Young, and Johnny Weissmuller (USA) 9:38.8 QF WR
2  Kazuo Noda, Hiroshi Yoneyama, Tokuhei Sada, and Katsuo Takaishi (JPN) 9:42.6 QF
3  Aulo Gustafsson, Sven-Pelle Pettersson, Eskil Lundahl, and Arne Borg (SWE) 10:03.2 qf
4  Francisco Uranga, Amilcar Álvarez, Emilio Vives, and Alberto Zorrilla (ARG)    

Semifinal 2

Place Swimmers Time Qual.
1  Munroe Bourne, James Thompson, Garnet Ault, and Walter Spence (CAN) 9:55.0 QF
2  Edward Peter, Joseph Whiteside, Reginald Sutton, and Albert Dickin (GBR) 10:16.6 QF
3  Philippe Tisson, Gustave Klein, Jean Taris, and Albert Vandeplancke (FRA) 10:31.4  
4  Henk van Essen, Gerrit van Voorst, Piet Bannenberg, and Johannes Brink (NED)    
5  Louis Van Parijs, Pierre Coppieters, Martial van Schelle, and Gérard Blitz (BEL)    

Semifinal 3

Place Swimmers Time Qual.
1  András Wanié, Rezső Wanié, Géza Szigritz, and István Bárány (HUN) 9:46.6 QF
2  Francisco Segalá, Estanislao Artal, Ramón Artigas, and José González (ESP) 11:50.6 QF
3  Emilio Polli, Giuseppe Perentin, Antonio Conelli and Paolo Costoli (ITA) 10:03.2  
4  Karl Schubert, Karl Schubert, Friedel Berges, and Herbert Heinrich (GER)    

Men's 100 metres Backstroke

Host City: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Venue(s): Swimming Stadium, Amsterdam
Date Started: August 7, 1928
Date Finished: August 9, 1928

Competitors 19 from 12 nations

Summary

[George Kojac] emerged as a phenomenon in backstroke and, on a lesser scale, in freestyle during the second half of 1926 and set the first of his world records whilst still in high school. In Amsterdam he reached the final of the 100m freestyle and was a member of the winning US relay team but his finest performance was reserved for this event. He led American swimmers to a 1-2-3, finishing clear of [Walter Laufer] and 1924 medallist, [Paul Wyatt]. Still amongst the best in the world in 1932, he was unable to defend his title because he was working himself through Columbia Law School.

The men's 100 metre backstroke was a swimming event held as part of the swimming at the 1928 Summer Olympics programme. It was the fifth appearance of the event, which was established in 1908. The competition was held from Tuesday to Thursday, 7 to 9 August 1928.

Nineteen swimmers from twelve nations competed.

Records

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in minutes) prior to the 1928 Summer Olympics.

World Record 1:09.0 United States George Kojac Detroit (U.S.) 23 June 1928
Olympic Record 1:13.2 United States Warren Kealoha Paris (FRA) 18 July 1924

In the first heat George Kojac set a new Olympic record with 1:09.2 minutes. In the final he set a new world record with 1:08.2 minutes.

Final

Thursday 9 August 1928:

Place Swimmer Time
1  George Kojac (USA) 1:08.2 WR
2  Walter Laufer (USA) 1:10.0
3  Paul Wyatt (USA) 1:12.0
4  Toshio Irie (JPN) 1:13.6
5  Ernst Küppers (GER) 1:13.8
6  John Besford (GBR) 1:15.4

Semifinals

Wednesday 8 August 1928: The fastest three in each semi-final advanced.

Semifinal 1

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  George Kojac (USA) 1:10.0 QF
2  Toshio Irie (JPN) 1:14.0 QF
3  John Besford (GBR) 1:14.8 QF
4  Munroe Bourne (CAN)    
5  Eskil Lundahl (SWE)    
6  Willie Francis (GBR)    

Semifinal 2

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Walter Laufer (USA) 1:12.6 QF
2  Paul Wyatt (USA) 1:14.2 QF
 Ernst Küppers (GER) 1:14.2 QF
4  Tom Boast (AUS)    
 Gérard Blitz (BEL) DNS  

Heats

Tuesday 7 August 1928: The fastest two in each heat and the fastest third-placed from across the heats advanced. As there was a tie for second place in the fifth heat both swimmers advanced instead of a third placed.

Heat 1

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  George Kojac (USA) 1:09.2 QQ OR
2  Toshio Irie (JPN) 1:13.4 QQ
3  Albert Schumberg (GER) 1:16.6  
4  Roland Johansson (SWE) 1:17.4  

Heat 2

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Walter Laufer (USA) 1:12.8 QQ
2  John Besford (GBR) 1:15.0 QQ
3  Aladár Bitskey (HUN) 1:15.6  
4  Johann Schulz (GER) 1:17.2  

Heat 3

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Tom Boast (AUS) 1:17.0 QQ
2  Gérard Blitz (BEL) 1:18.8 QQ
3  Len Moorhouse (NZL) 1:20.4  

Heat 4

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Ernst Küppers (GER) 1:14.0 QQ
2  Willie Francis (GBR) 1:16.4 QQ
3  Émile Zeibig (FRA) 1:20.0  
4  Eugène Kuborn (LUX)    

Heat 5

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Paul Wyatt (USA) 1:14.0 QQ
2  Eskil Lundahl (SWE) 1:14.4 QQ
 Munroe Bourne (CAN) 1:14.4  
4  Shourai Kimura (JPN)    

Men's 200 metres Breaststroke

Host City: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Venue(s): Swimming Stadium, Amsterdam
Date Started: August 6, 1928
Date Finished: August 8, 1928

Competitors 21 from 13 nations

Summary

Only Triple jumper [Mikio Oda], a week before, had ever won Olympic gold for Japan before [Yoshiyuki Tsuruta] swam in the 200 metres breaststroke. Tsuruta’s main rival was [Erich Rademacher], the German world record holder who missed the 1924 Games where he would have been a strong favourite. The two traded the Olympic record in the heats but Rademacher may have suffered from his participation in the water polo competition and although Tsuruta was always pressurised, he was never headed as he won with a metre to spare. [Teófilo Yldefonso] of the Phillipines came perilously close to being knocked out of the competition in his heat, qualified for the semi-finals only as a fastest loser but swam an inspired final to gain the very first medal for the Philippines in Olympic history. [Karl Schäfer] of Austria, who was eliminated at the semi-final stage, had represented his country in the preceding Winter Olympics as a skater and would gain greater recognition by winning the men’s figure skating gold at the Winter Games in both 1932 and 1936.

The men's 200 metre breaststroke was a swimming event held as part of the swimming at the 1928 Summer Olympics programme. It was the fifth appearance of the event, which was established in 1908. The competition was held from Monday to Wednesday, 6 to 8 August 1928.

Twenty-one swimmers from 13 nations competed.

Records

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in minutes) prior to the 1928 Summer Olympics.

World Record 2:48.0 Germany Erich Rademacher Brussels (BEL) 11 March 1927
Olympic Record 2:56.0 United States Robert Skelton Paris (FRA) 15 July 1924

In the third heat Erich Rademacher set a new Olympic record with 2:52.0 minutes. In the fourth heat Yoshiyuki Tsuruta bettered the record to 2:50.0 minutes. Tsuruta improved the record in the semi-finals with 2:49.2 minutes and in the final with 2:48.8 minutes.

Final

Wednesday 8 August 1928:

Place Swimmer Time
1  Yoshiyuki Tsuruta (JPN) 2:48.8 OR
2  Erich Rademacher (GER) 2:50.6
3  Teófilo Yldefonso (PHI) 2:56.4
4  Erwin Sietas (GER) 2:56.6
5  Erik Harling (SWE) 2:56.8
6  Walter Spence (CAN) 2:57.2

Semifinals

Tuesday 7 August 1928: The fastest three in each semi-final advanced.

Semifinal 1

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Yoshiyuki Tsuruta (JPN) 2:49.2 QF OR
2  Walter Spence (CAN) 2:53.0 QF
3  Teófilo Yldefonso (PHI) 2:53.2 QF
4  Robert Wyss (SUI)    
5  Thomas Blankenburg (USA)    

Semifinal 2

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Erich Rademacher (GER) 2:56.6 QF
2  Erik Harling (SWE) 2:57.2 QF
3  Erwin Sietas (GER) 2:57.8 QF
4  Karl Schäfer (AUT)    

Heats

Monday 6 August 1928: The fastest two in each heat and the fastest third-placed from across the heats advanced.

Heat 1

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Walter Spence (CAN) 2:56.6 QQ
2  Erwin Sietas (GER) 2:57.4 QQ
3  Louis Van Parijs (BEL) 3:00.0  
4  William Rozier (FRA)    
5  Hugh Smith (GBR)    

Heat 2

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Erik Harling (SWE) 2:56.4 QQ
2  Karl Schäfer (AUT) 2:56.6 QQ
3  Teófilo Yldefonso (PHI) 2:57.4 qq
4  Yuki Mawatari (JPN)    
5  Ernst Budig (GER) 2:58.6  

Heat 3

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Erich Rademacher (GER) 2:52.0 QQ OR
2  Thomas Blankenburg (USA) 3:04.2 QQ
3  Léon Tallon (FRA) 3:05.0  
4  Jack Aubin (CAN)    
 Joseph De Combe (BEL) DNF  

Heat 4

Place Swimmer Time Qual.
1  Yoshiyuki Tsuruta (JPN) 2:50.0 QQ OR
2  Robert Wyss (SUI) 3:02.6 QQ
3  Leen Korpershoek (NED) 3:04.0  
4  Reginald Flint (GBR)    
5  José Francesch (ESP)    
6  Tage Wissnell (SWE)    
 
   

 

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