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1936  Berlin Summer Olympics

1936 Summer Olympics - The Results (Sailing)

Sailing at the 1936 Berlin Summer Games

 

  

Host City: Berlin, Germany
Date Started: August 4, 1936
Date Finished: August 12, 1936
Events: 4

Participants: 172 (169 men and 3 women) from 26 countries
Youngest Participant: USA Antonia Churchill (17 years, 91 days)
Oldest Participant: SUI Frédéric Firmenich (61 years, 224 days)
Most Medals (Athlete): 42 athletes with 1 medal
Most Medals (Country): GER Germany (3 medals)

 

Overview

Four yachting events were contested at the 1936 Olympics, all in mixed classes. The monotype event was often termed the Olympic Monotype class, while the Star class was added for the first time, and the then standard larger classes, the 6- and 8-metre, were also raced. The Olympic Monotype was not the same as the class in 1924, often also called the Olympic Monotype, but was more correctly called the O-jolle, or Olympiajolle class in 1936. It was designed in 1933 by Hellmut Wilhelm Strauch specifically for the 1936 Olympics.

The events were contested at Kieler Förde, or the Firth of Kiel, an inlet on the Baltic Sea, starting at the northern German city of Kiel, and projecting into the Bay of Kiel. This site would also be used for the 1972 Olympic yachting events, although the marinas were different.

All four classes had seven races with points awarded, although in the 8-metre class a sail-off race for the silver and bronze medals was held. The points for first place in each race were equal to the number of boats entered, down to 1 point for last place in each race. The four events were won by four different nations. Six nations won medals in 1936 yachting, led by Germany with three, with Great Britain, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden winning two, and Italy taking one medal, a gold in the 8-metre class.

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece). With the exception of 1904 and the canceled 1916 Summer Olympics, sailing has always been included on the Olympic schedule. The Sailing program of 1936 consisted of a total of four sailing classes (disciplines). For each class seven races were scheduled from 29 August 1936 to 8 September 1936 at the Firth of Kiel.

 

Venue

For the 1936 Berlin Summer Olympics a choice had to be made between the Berliner Müggel Lake district or the Kiel area. Finally the Organizing committee made the decision in favour of the big boats and picked Kiel. As a result of the distance between Berlin to Kiel, a special committee for Yachting sprung to life to assist the Organizing Committee for the XIth Olympiad. Since Kiel was mainly a military port this Committee had to cooperate not only with the local authorities but also with the German Fleet Command in Kiel to ensure the success of the races.

Course areas and courses

One race area was created to the East of Schilksee and two in the harbor area more into the Firth of Kiel. Near the course areas tribunes on barges and on land were placed for spectators
1936 Olympic Course Areas
  
 Open street map view of the current map of Firth of Kiel. Projected are the 1936 Olympic sailing courses.  To define the actual course the race committee gave the sequence in which the marks should be rounded.

e.g: Start - 1 port - 7 port - 5 port - 1 port - 5 port - Finish.
  

The sailing was done on the triangular type Olympic courses. The start was made in the center of a set of 8 numbered marks that were places in a circle. This made it possible to begin and finish every race sailing against the wind, regardless of the direction of the wind. During the starting procedure the sequence of the marks was communicated to the sailors. Starting upwind ensure a fair start of every race. This mark system is, at least in certain German lakes, still in use in many places.

The German Navy, was besides the organization of the race management responsible, with the help of the shipping lines, for keeping the race areas free of undesirable traffic

Competition

Overview

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
4 26 4 59 166 3
Map of Participating Sailing Continents at the 1936 Summer Olympics
Green = Participating for the first time
Blue = Participating
Light Blue = Have previously participated
Map of Participating Sailing Countries at the 1936 Summer Olympics
Green = Participating for the first time
Blue = Participating
Light Blue = Have previously participated
 Argentina (ARG)  Austria (AUT)  Belgium (BEL)  Brazil (BRA)
 Canada (CAN)  Chile (CHI)  Czechoslovakia (TCH)  Denmark (DEN)
 Estonia (EST)  Finland (FIN)  France (FRA)  Great Britain (GBR)
 Germany (GER)  Hungary (HUN)  Italy (ITA)  Japan (JPN)
 Netherlands (NED)  Norway (NOR)  Poland (POL)  Portugal (POR)
 Switzerland (SUI)  Sweden (SWE)  Turkey (TUR)  United States (USA)
 Uruguay (URU)  Yugoslavia (YUG)  

Classes (equipment) 

Class Type Venue Event Sailors First OG Olympics so far
O-Jolle Dinghy Kiel Cercle noir 100%.svg Max. 1
Max. 1 substitute
1936 1
Star Keelboat Los Angeles Cercle noir 100%.svg Max. 2
Max. 2 substitutes
1932 2
6 Metre Keelboat Los Angeles Cercle noir 100%.svg Max. 5
Max. 5 substitutes
1908 7
8 Metre Keelboat Los Angeles Cercle noir 100%.svg Max. 6
Max. 6 substitutes
1908 7
Legend: Cercle noir 100%.svg = Mixed gender event
The 1936 Olympic Classes in action
O-Jolle Star
6 Metre 8 Metre

Race schedule

 ●  Opening ceremony  ●  Event competitions  ●  Final races  ●  Closing ceremony
Date August
3rd
Sat
4th
Sun
5th
Mon
6th
Tue
7th
Wed
8th
Thu
9th
Fri
10th
Sat
11th
Sun
12th
Mon
Sailing (planning)[2]   ● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
● ●
  Spare
day
Total gold medals               4    
Ceremonies                

Medal summary

Event Gold Silver Bronze
O-Jolle insigna.png

1936: O-Jolle

 Netherlands (NED)
Daan Kagchelland
 Germany (GER)
Werner Krogmann
 Great Britain (GBR)
Peter Scott
NO Class insigna.png

1936: Star

 Germany (GER)
Peter Bischoff
Hans-Joachim Weise
 Sweden (SWE)
Arvid Laurin
Uno Wallentin
 Netherlands (NED)
Bob Maas
Willem de Vries Lentsch
6 Metre insigna.png

1936: 6 Metre

 Great Britain (GBR)
Christopher Boardman
Miles Bellville
Russell Harmer
Charles Leaf
Leonard Martin
 Norway (NOR)
Magnus Konow
Karsten Konow
Fredrik Meyer
Vaadjuv Nyqvist
Alf Tveten
 Sweden (SWE)
Sven Salén
Lennart Ekdahl
Martin Hindorff
Torsten Lord
Dagmar Salén
8 Metre insigna.png

1936: 8 Metre

 Italy (ITA)
Giovanni Reggio
Bruno Bianchi
Luigi De Manincor
Domenico Mordini
Enrico Poggi
Luigi Poggi
 Norway (NOR)
Olaf Ditlev-Simonsen
John Ditlev-Simonsen
Hans Struksnæs
Lauritz Schmidt
Jacob Thams
Nordahl Wallem
 Germany (GER)
Hans Howaldt
Fritz Bischoff
Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach
Eduard Mohr
Felix Scheder-Bieschin
Otto Wachs

Medal table

 
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Germany (GER) 1 1 1 3
2  Great Britain (GBR) 1 0 1 2
 Netherlands (NED) 1 0 1 2
4  Italy (ITA) 1 0 0 1
5  Norway (NOR) 0 2 0 2
6  Sweden (SWE) 0 1 1 2
Totals (6 nations) 4 4 4 12

1936 Olympic scoring system

Equal as 1932.

The winner in each class of the Yachting competition was decided on the following point system:

  • A yacht was given one point for finishing.
  • A yacht was given one point for each boat it defeated.
  • The number of defeated yachts was figured on the number starting in any one race.
  • A yacht that started and did not finish did not receive a point for starting, but was counted as a defeated yacht in awarding points to the other yachts.
  • Where only one yacht was entered, it was necessary for her to sail over and properly complete the course in order to be awarded a place.
  • In case of a tie

    In case of a tie after all races were sailed, provision was made for an extra race between the competitors tied. This rule only applies as it concerns the places 1, 2 or 3.

Notes

      • A floating transmission station was used for reporting the race events to shore.
      • New media was also used in the protest room. On the footage made from a Zeppelin, for the film Olympia of Leni Riefenstahl, an incident was observed by the jury between Sweden and Finland in race No. VI of the 8 Metre. As result both teams were disqualified.

Other information

Sailing

  • This Summer Olympics established sailing as a full mature Olympic sport after a long struggle to get a unified International standard set of rules.
  • Each Olympic Gold medalist was also given a plant during the prize giving ceremony.
  • Spain withdrew from sailing before the opening ceremony, as part of its boycott of the 1936 Summer Olympics.
  • The Swiss 6 Metre was eliminated for all races since the helmsmen turned out not to be an amateur.
  • Many protests in the Metre classes were filed. Speculations were made about whether this was due to the scoring system. One of the reasons was probably the close racing.
  • The Olympic flame was burning on a Hanseatic galleon in the harbor of Kiel.
  • In total a number of 257 participants were entered. 169 of them competed, the others were reserves or team managers and so on

Mixed One Person Dinghy

Host City: Berlin, Germany
Venue(s): Kiel Fjord, Kiel
Date Started: August 4, 1936
Date Finished: August 10, 1936
Format: 25 points for first-place in each race, with scoring down to 1 point for 25th place.

Competitors 25from 25 nations

Summary

This class was termed the Olympic Monotype, as in 1924, but the two classes were much different. The 1936 Monotype class was actually known as the O-jolle, or Olympiajolle, and was designed by Hellmut Wilhelm Strauch in 1933 specifically for the 1936 Olympics. It was a Bermuda rig, also called a Marconi rig, with a specific design of mast and rigging.

The competition was held in boats provided by the organization. Each of them was named after a German city; the eventual winner [Daan Kagchelland] sailed in the Nürnberg (Nuremberg). The regattas were affected by the poor weather. Competition had to be suspended for an hour and a half on the first day due to stormy weather. Although the races were held, rain and heavy wind gave an advantage to the heavier sailors. By contrast, the remaining days were plagued by a lack of wind, causing the races to be postponed on three occasions.

The battle for the gold was between Kagchelland, German sailor [Werner Krogmann] and Briton [Peter Scott]. The latter took the lead on the first day, being joined by the Dutchman after four races. The sixth heat proved vital, as Kagchelland sailed to victory with Krogmann and Scott way back. The Dutch sailor would need only a 10th place in the final race to secure the gold. However, Krogmann and Scott collided, causing the British boat to forfeit and drop to bronze medal position. Peter Scott was the son of Robert F. Scott, the famed polar explorer who died on Antarctica in 1912 after losing the race to the South Pole to Norwegian Roald Amundsen.

The O-Jolle was a sailing event on the Sailing at the 1936 Summer Olympics program in Firth of Kiel. Seven races were scheduled. 25 sailors, on 25 boats, from 25 nations competed.

Results

O-Jolle insigna.png
Rank
Helmsman (Country) Sailnumber  Yachtname Race I Race II Race III Race IV Race V Race VI Race VII Total
Points
Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points
1st, gold medalist(s)  Daan Kagchelland Mars symbol.svg (NED) 324 Nürnberg 4 22 1 25 1 25 6 20 2 24 1 25 4 22 163
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Werner Krogmann Mars symbol.svg (GER) 326 Rostock 2 24 4 22 3 23 9 17 1 25 6 20 7 19 150
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Peter Scott Mars symbol.svg (GBR) 325 Potsdam 1 25 2 24 2 24 7 19 3 23 10 16 DNF 0 131
4  Erich Wichmann-Harbeck Mars symbol.svg (CHI) 322 Mainz 3 23 8 18 4 22 23 3 6 20 7 19 1 25 130
5  Giuseppe Fago Mars symbol.svg (ITA) 302 Augsburg 14 12 5 21 DNF 0 4 22 7 19 3 23 8 18 115
6  Jacques Lebrun Mars symbol.svg (FRA) 319 Leipzig 7 19 13 13 5 21 18 8 12 14 15 11 3 23 109
7  Omoravica von Heinrich Mars symbol.svg (HUN) 317 Königsberg 12 14 DNF 0 9 17 16 10 8 18 4 22 5 21 102
8  Willy H.A. Pieper Mars symbol.svg (SUI) 316 Köln 13 13 19 7 13 13 8 18 14 12 5 21 11 15 99
9  Frank Baldwin Jr. Jewett Mars symbol.svg (USA) 301 Angerburg 17 9 10 16 6 20 15 11 18 8 13 13 6 20 97
10  Thor Thorvaldsen Mars symbol.svg (NOR) 312 Hamburg 16 10 DSQ 0 17 9 1 25 9 17 2 24 18 8 93
11  Rene Israel Nyman Mars symbol.svg (FIN) 305 Bremen 9 17 DNF 0 14 12 5 21 11 15 11 15 13 13 93
12  Sigurd Frank Christensen Mars symbol.svg (DEN) 315 Kiel 5 21 7 19 DSQ 0 20 6 10 16 8 18 14 12 92
13  Charles Eriksson Mars symbol.svg (SWE) 310 Düsseldorf 6 20 9 17 15 11 11 15 4 22 DSQ 0 19 7 92
14  Eugenio Lauz Santurio Mars symbol.svg (URU) 314 Heidelberg 15 11 16 10 12 14 2 24 15 11 21 5 10 16 91
15  Dietz Angerer Mars symbol.svg (AUT) 306 Breslau 8 18 17 9 DSQ 0 12 14 5 21 DSQ 0 2 24 86
16  Reg Dixon Mars symbol.svg (CAN) 309 Dresden 11 15 14 12 11 15 3 23 24 2 19 7 16 10 84
17  Erik Johannes Holst Mars symbol.svg (EST) 304 Brandenburg DNF 0 6 20 7 19 21 5 13 13 9 17 22 4 78
18  Leon Jensz Mars symbol.svg (POL) 321 Magdeburg 18 8 3 23 18 8 13 13 19 7 20 6 20 6 71
19  Karlo Baumann Mars symbol.svg (YUG) 318 Konstanz 19 7 15 11 8 18 DNF 0 16 10 16 10 17 9 65
20  Demir Turgut Mars symbol.svg (TUR) 307 Cuxhaven 20 6 DNF 0 19 7 10 16 23 3 12 14 9 17 63
21  Ernest Vieira de Mendonça Mars symbol.svg (POR) 313 Hannover 10 16 20 6 10 16 19 7 20 6 DNF 0 15 11 62
22  Norio Fujimura Mars symbol.svg (JPN) 311 Essen 22 4 11 15 16 10 22 4 21 5 14 12 21 5 55
23  Albert van den Abeele Mars symbol.svg (BEL) 308 Danzig DNF 0 18 8 20 6 17 9 17 9 18 8 12 14 54
24  Walter Heuer Mars symbol.svg (BRA) 320 Lübeck 21 5 21 5 22 4 14 12 25 1 17 9 23 3 39
25  Vitezslav Pavlousek Mars symbol.svg (TCH) 323 München DSQ 0 12 14 21 5 24 2 22 4 22 4 24 2 31
DNF = Did Not Finish, DSQ = Disqualified
Mars symbol.svg = Male, Venus symbol.svg = Female

Race One

 
Rank Athlete Age Team NOC PTS T  
1 Peter Scott 26 Potsdam GBR 25 1-30:43  
2 Werner Krogmann 35 Rostock GER 24 1-31:00  
3 Erich Wichmann-Harbeck 35 Mainz CHI 23 1-32:17  
4 Daan Kagchelland 22 Nürnberg NED 22 1-32:29  
5 Sigurd Christensen 25 Kiel DEN 21 1-34:16  
6 Charles Eriksson 28 Düsseldorf SWE 20 1-35:31  
7 Jacques Baptiste Lebrun 25 Leipzig FRA 19 1-36:04  
8 Dietz Angerer 32 Breslau AUT 18 1-36:13  
9 René Nyman 19 Bremen FIN 17 1-36:28  
10 Ernesto Mendonça 34 Hannover POR 16 1-37:38  
11 Reg Dixon 36 Dresden CAN 15 1-37:54  
12 Tibor Heinrich von Omorovicza 37 Königsberg HUN 14 1-38:10  
13 Willy Pieper 25 Köln SUI 13 1-38:12  
14 Giuseppe Fago 29 Augsburg ITA 12 1-38:59  
15 Eugenio Lauz 30 Heidelberg URU 11 1-39:40  
16 Thor Thorvaldsen 27 Hamburg NOR 10 1-39:58  
17 Frank Jewett 19 Angerburg USA 9 1-40:13  
18 Leon Jensz 21 Magdeburg POL 8 1-43:05  
19 Karlo Bauman 22 Konstanz YUG 7 1-43:44  
20 Demir Turgut 27 Cuxhaven TUR 6 1-43:52  
21 Walter Heuer 44 Lübeck BRA 5 1-44:05  
22 Norio Fujimura 21 Essen JPN 4 1-49:07  
AC Erik von Holst 41 Brandenburg EST     DNF
AC Vítězslav Pavlousek 25 München TCH     DQ

Race Two

 
Rank Athlete Age Team NOC PTS T  
1 Daan Kagchelland 22 Nürnberg NED 25 1-23:44  
2 Peter Scott 26 Potsdam GBR 24 1-24:04  
3 Leon Jensz 21 Magdeburg POL 23 1-24:38  
4 Werner Krogmann 35 Rostock GER 22 1-25:15  
5 Giuseppe Fago 29 Augsburg ITA 21 1-25:31  
6 Erik von Holst 41 Brandenburg EST 20 1-25:37  
7 Sigurd Christensen 25 Kiel DEN 19 1-25:54  
8 Erich Wichmann-Harbeck 35 Mainz CHI 18 1-26:16  
9 Charles Eriksson 28 Düsseldorf SWE 17 1-26:58  
10 Frank Jewett 19 Angerburg USA 16 1-27:22  
11 Norio Fujimura 21 Essen JPN 15 1-27:32  
12 Vítězslav Pavlousek 25 München TCH 14 1-27:47  
13 Jacques Baptiste Lebrun 25 Leipzig FRA 13 1-27:49  
14 Reg Dixon 36 Dresden CAN 12 1-27:59  
15 Karlo Bauman 22 Konstanz YUG 11 1-28:14  
16 Eugenio Lauz 30 Heidelberg URU 10 1-28:29  
17 Dietz Angerer 32 Breslau AUT 9 1-29:24  
18 Albert Van Den Abeele 29 Danzig BEL 8 1-29:51  
19 Willy Pieper 25 Köln SUI 7 1-30:27  
20 Ernesto Mendonça 34 Hannover POR 6 1-30:43  
21 Walter Heuer 44 Lübeck BRA 5 1-30:59  
AC Tibor Heinrich von Omorovicza 37 Königsberg HUN     DNF
AC Demir Turgut 27 Cuxhaven TUR     DNF
AC Thor Thorvaldsen 27 Hamburg NOR   [1-25:43] DQ

Race Three

 
Rank Athlete Age Team NOC PTS T  
1 Daan Kagchelland 22 Nürnberg NED 25 1-28:20  
2 Peter Scott 26 Potsdam GBR 24 1-28:38  
3 Werner Krogmann 35 Rostock GER 23 1-28:59  
4 Erich Wichmann-Harbeck 35 Mainz CHI 22 1-30:14  
5 Jacques Baptiste Lebrun 25 Leipzig FRA 21 1-31:48  
6 Frank Jewett 19 Angerburg USA 20 1-31:57  
7 Erik von Holst 41 Brandenburg EST 19 1-32:26  
8 Karlo Bauman 22 Konstanz YUG 18 1-33:11  
9 Tibor Heinrich von Omorovicza 37 Königsberg HUN 17 1-33:17  
10 Ernesto Mendonça 34 Hannover POR 16 1-33:44  
11 Reg Dixon 36 Dresden CAN 15 1-33:53  
12 Eugenio Lauz 30 Heidelberg URU 14 1-34:27  
13 Willy Pieper 25 Köln SUI 13 1-34:27  
14 René Nyman 19 Bremen FIN 12 1-34:40  
15 Charles Eriksson 28 Düsseldorf SWE 11 1-35:01  
16 Norio Fujimura 21 Essen JPN 10 1-35:06  
17 Thor Thorvaldsen 27 Hamburg NOR 9 1-35:21  
18 Leon Jensz 21 Magdeburg POL 8 1-36:04  
19 Demir Turgut 27 Cuxhaven TUR 7 1-36:20  
20 Albert Van Den Abeele 29 Danzig BEL 6 1-36:59  
21 Vítězslav Pavlousek 25 München TCH 5 1-37:44  
22 Walter Heuer 44 Lübeck BRA 4 1-42:56  
AC Dietz Angerer 32 Breslau AUT     DQ
AC Sigurd Christensen 25 Kiel DEN     DQ
AC Giuseppe Fago 29 Augsburg ITA     DNF

Race Four

 
Rank Athlete Age Team NOC PTS T  
1 Thor Thorvaldsen 27 Hamburg NOR 25 1-48:08  
2 Eugenio Lauz 30 Heidelberg URU 24 1-48:20  
3 Reg Dixon 36 Dresden CAN 23 1-48:40  
4 Giuseppe Fago 29 Augsburg ITA 22 1-49:23  
5 René Nyman 19 Bremen FIN 21 1-49:42  
6 Daan Kagchelland 22 Nürnberg NED 20 1-50:06  
7 Peter Scott 26 Potsdam GBR 19 1-50:28  
8 Willy Pieper 25 Köln SUI 18 1-51:06  
9 Werner Krogmann 35 Rostock GER 17 1-51:09  
10 Demir Turgut 27 Cuxhaven TUR 16 1-51:10  
11 Charles Eriksson 28 Düsseldorf SWE 15 1-51:11  
12 Dietz Angerer 32 Breslau AUT 14 1-51:17  
13 Leon Jensz 21 Magdeburg POL 13 1-51:34  
14 Walter Heuer 44 Lübeck BRA 12 1-51:39  
15 Frank Jewett 19 Angerburg USA 11 1-51:48  
16 Tibor Heinrich von Omorovicza 37 Königsberg HUN 10 1-52:23  
17 Albert Van Den Abeele 29 Danzig BEL 9 1-53:29  
18 Jacques Baptiste Lebrun 25 Leipzig FRA 8 1-53:52  
19 Ernesto Mendonça 34 Hannover POR 7 1-54:05  
20 Sigurd Christensen 25 Kiel DEN 6 1-54:19  
21 Erik von Holst 41 Brandenburg EST 5 1-54:34  
22 Norio Fujimura 21 Essen JPN 4 1-54:38  
23 Erich Wichmann-Harbeck 35 Mainz CHI 3 1-57:30  
24 Vítězslav Pavlousek 25 München TCH 2 1-58:35  
AC Karlo Bauman 22 Konstanz YUG     DNF

Race Five

 
Rank Athlete Age Team NOC PTS T  
1 Werner Krogmann 35 Rostock GER 25 1-27:08  
2 Daan Kagchelland 22 Nürnberg NED 24 1-27:51  
3 Peter Scott 26 Potsdam GBR 23 1-28:12  
4 Charles Eriksson 28 Düsseldorf SWE 22 1-28:58  
5 Dietz Angerer 32 Breslau AUT 21 1-29:02  
6 Erich Wichmann-Harbeck 35 Mainz CHI 20 1-29:14  
7 Giuseppe Fago 29 Augsburg ITA 19 1-29:15  
8 Tibor Heinrich von Omorovicza 37 Königsberg HUN 18 1-29:24  
9 Thor Thorvaldsen 27 Hamburg NOR 17 1-29:32  
10 Sigurd Christensen 25 Kiel DEN 16 1-29:44  
11 René Nyman 19 Bremen FIN 15 1-29:53  
12 Jacques Baptiste Lebrun 25 Leipzig FRA 14 1-30:29  
13 Erik von Holst 41 Brandenburg EST 13 1-30:47  
14 Willy Pieper 25 Köln SUI 12 1-31:13  
15 Eugenio Lauz 30 Heidelberg URU 11 1-31:37  
16 Karlo Bauman 22 Konstanz YUG 10 1-31:18  
17 Albert Van Den Abeele 29 Danzig BEL 9 1-31:53  
18 Frank Jewett 19 Angerburg USA 8 1-31:58  
19 Leon Jensz 21 Magdeburg POL 7 1-31:59  
20 Ernesto Mendonça 34 Hannover POR 6 1-32:20  
21 Norio Fujimura 21 Essen JPN 5 1-33:03  
22 Vítězslav Pavlousek 25 München TCH 4 1-33:07  
23 Demir Turgut 27 Cuxhaven TUR 3 1-33:09  
24 Reg Dixon 36 Dresden CAN 2 1-34:26  
25 Walter Heuer 44 Lübeck BRA 1 1-36:01  

Race Six

 
Rank Athlete Age Team NOC PTS T  
1 Daan Kagchelland 22 Nürnberg NED 25 1-33:39  
2 Thor Thorvaldsen 27 Hamburg NOR 24 1-34:09  
3 Giuseppe Fago 29 Augsburg ITA 23 1-34:17  
4 Tibor Heinrich von Omorovicza 37 Königsberg HUN 22 1-34:29  
5 Willy Pieper 25 Köln SUI 21 1-35:06  
6 Werner Krogmann 35 Rostock GER 20 1-35:17  
7 Erich Wichmann-Harbeck 35 Mainz CHI 19 1-35:41  
8 Sigurd Christensen 25 Kiel DEN 18 1-36:00  
9 Erik von Holst 41 Brandenburg EST 17 1-36:06  
10 Peter Scott 26 Potsdam GBR 16 1-36:15  
11 René Nyman 19 Bremen FIN 15 1-36:27  
12 Demir Turgut 27 Cuxhaven TUR 14 1-36:35  
13 Frank Jewett 19 Angerburg USA 13 1-37:26  
14 Norio Fujimura 21 Essen JPN 12 1-37:32  
15 Jacques Baptiste Lebrun 25 Leipzig FRA 11 1-37:54  
16 Karlo Bauman 22 Konstanz YUG 10 1-38:06  
17 Walter Heuer 44 Lübeck BRA 9 1-38:18  
18 Albert Van Den Abeele 29 Danzig BEL 8 1-38:36  
19 Reg Dixon 36 Dresden CAN 7 1-39:48  
20 Jerzy Dzięcioł 24 Magdeburg POL 6 1-40:02  
21 Eugenio Lauz 30 Heidelberg URU 5 1-40:04  
22 Miloslav Brepta 33 München TCH 4 1-44:11  
AC Dietz Angerer 32 Breslau AUT     DQ
AC Ernesto Mendonça 34 Hannover POR     DNF
AC Charles Eriksson 28 Düsseldorf SWE     DNF

Race Seven

 
Rank Athlete Age Team NOC PTS T  
1 Erich Wichmann-Harbeck 35 Mainz CHI 25 1-26:18  
2 Dietz Angerer 32 Breslau AUT 24 1-26:56  
3 Jacques Baptiste Lebrun 25 Leipzig FRA 23 1-27:53  
4 Daan Kagchelland 22 Nürnberg NED 22 1-27:58  
5 Tibor Heinrich von Omorovicza 37 Königsberg HUN 21 1-27:59  
6 Frank Jewett 19 Angerburg USA 20 1-28:01  
7 Werner Krogmann 35 Rostock GER 19 1-28:33  
8 Giuseppe Fago 29 Augsburg ITA 18 1-29:37  
9 Demir Turgut 27 Cuxhaven TUR 17 1-29:50  
10 Eugenio Lauz 30 Heidelberg URU 16 1-29:59  
11 Willy Pieper 25 Köln SUI 15 1-30:19  
12 Albert Van Den Abeele 29 Danzig BEL 14 1-30:42  
13 René Nyman 19 Bremen FIN 13 1-30:48  
14 Sigurd Christensen 25 Kiel DEN 12 1-30:58  
15 Ernesto Mendonça 34 Hannover POR 11 1-31:05  
16 Reg Dixon 36 Dresden CAN 10 1-31:09  
17 Karlo Bauman 22 Konstanz YUG 9 1-31:14  
18 Thor Thorvaldsen 27 Hamburg NOR 8 1-31:17  
19 Anton Ström 26 Düsseldorf SWE 7 1-31:59  
20 Jerzy Dzięcioł 24 Magdeburg POL 6 1-32:32  
21 Norio Fujimura 21 Essen JPN 5 1-32:40  
22 Erik von Holst 41 Brandenburg EST 4 1-33:29  
23 Walter Heuer 44 Lübeck BRA 3 1-33:44  
24 Miloslav Brepta 33 München TCH 2 1-34:38  
AC Peter Scott 26 Potsdam GBR     DNF
 

Daily standings

Graph showing the daily standings in the O-Jolle during the 1936 Summer Olympics

Conditions at the Inner Course

All starts were scheduled for 10:30.


Date Race Sky Sea Wind direction Wind speed (m/s) Actual starting time Remark
04-AUG-1936 I Overcast, Occasional rain Heavy SW 8-12 12:05 Postponement due to heavy sea
05-AUG-1936 II Sunshine, Later overcast and rain   WSW 3 10:30  
06-AUG-1936 III Sunny   WSW 4-5 10:50 Postponement due to calm
07-AUG-1936 IV Slightly overcast   NE 1-2 10:50 Postponement due to calm
08-AUG-1936 V Foggy later slightly overcast   ENE 2-3 10:30  
09-AUG-1936 VI Calm   NEN 2 10:50 Postponement due to calm
10-AUG-1936 VII Fine   SE 2-3 10:30  

Final Standings

Rank Athlete Age Team NOC Medal PTS  
1 Daan Kagchelland 22 Nürnberg NED Gold 163  
2 Werner Krogmann 35 Rostock GER Silver 150  
3 Peter Scott 26 Potsdam GBR Bronze 131  
4 Erich Wichmann-Harbeck 35 Mainz CHI   130  
5 Giuseppe Fago 29 Augsburg ITA   115  
6 Jacques Baptiste Lebrun 25 Leipzig FRA   109  
7 Tibor Heinrich von Omorovicza 37 Königsberg HUN   102  
8 Willy Pieper 25 Köln SUI   99  
9 Frank Jewett 19 Angerburg USA   97  
10T René Nyman 19 Bremen FIN   93  
10T Thor Thorvaldsen 27 Hamburg NOR   93  
12T Sigurd Christensen 25 Kiel DEN   92  
12T Charles Eriksson 28 Sweden SWE   92  
12T Anton Ström 26 Sweden SWE   92  
14 Eugenio Lauz 30 Heidelberg URU   91  
15 Dietz Angerer 32 Breslau AUT   86  
16 Reg Dixon 36 Dresden CAN   84  
17 Erik von Holst 41 Brandenburg EST   78  
18 Leon Jensz 21 Poland POL   71  
18 Jerzy Dzięcioł 24 Poland POL   71  
19 Karlo Bauman 22 Konstanz YUG   65  
20 Demir Turgut 27 Cuxhaven TUR   63  
21 Ernesto Mendonça 34 Hannover POR   62  
22 Norio Fujimura 21 Essen JPN   55  
23 Albert Van Den Abeele 29 Danzig BEL   54  
24 Walter Heuer 44 Lübeck BRA   39  
25 Miloslav Brepta 33 Czechoslovakia TCH   31  
25 Vítězslav Pavlousek 25 Czechoslovakia TCH   31  

Mixed Two Person Keelboat

Host City: Berlin, Germany
Venue(s): Kiel Fjord, Kiel
Date Started: August 4, 1936
Date Finished: August 10, 1936
Format: 12 points for first-place in each race, with scoring down to 1 point for 12th place.

Competitors 24 from 12 nations

Summary

The Star class, a two-person keelboat, had been added to the Olympic Program in 1932, and would remain on it through 2008, although it was left off in 1976 also. The German team, aboard Wannsee, won five races, winning the first, third, fourth, sixth, and seventh races to capture the gold medal. They had clinched the gold medal after the sixth race. The Swedish crew, racing Sunshine, won the second race and led the competition briefly but fell back to the silver medal eventually.

The Star was a sailing event on the Sailing at the 1936 Summer Olympics program in Firth of Kiel. Seven races were scheduled. 24 sailors, on 12 boats, from 12 nations competed.

Results


Rank
Helmsman (Country) Crew Yachtname Sailnumber  Race I Race II Race III Race IV Race V Race VI Race VII Total
Points
Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points
1st, gold medalist(s)  Peter Bischoff Mars symbol.svg (GER) Hans-Joachim Weise Mars symbol.svg Wannsee 1287 1 12 4 9 1 12 1 12 2 11 1 12 1 12 80
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Arvid Laurin Mars symbol.svg (SWE) Uno Wallentin Mars symbol.svg Sunshine 915 2 11 1 12 3 10 2 11 12 1 3 10 4 9 64
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Bob Maas Mars symbol.svg (NED) Willem de Vries Lentsch Mars symbol.svg BEM II 1294 DNF 0 2 11 4 9 3 10 1 12 2 11 3 10 63
4  Keith Leslie Grogono Mars symbol.svg (GBR) William Rupert Welply Mars symbol.svg Paka 1074 4 9 3 10 2 11 7 6 8 5 5 8 6 7 56
5  William Glenn Waterhouse Mars symbol.svg (USA) Woodbridge Metcalf Mars symbol.svg Three Star Too 948 3 10 5 8 8 5 9 4 3 10 4 9 8 5 51
6  Oivind Christensen Mars symbol.svg (NOR) Sigurd Fredrik Herbern Mars symbol.svg KNS 1292 5 8 10 3 7 6 6 7 4 9 6 7 9 4 44
7  Jean-Jacques Herbulot Mars symbol.svg (FRA) Pierre de Montaut Mars symbol.svg Fada 1304 3 10 DSQ 0 9 4 4 9 5 8 7 6 2 11 48
8  Harun Ülmann Mars symbol.svg (TUR) Behzat Baydar Mars symbol.svg Marmara 1190 7 6 6 7 6 7 12 1 6 7 11 2 5 8 38
9  Riccardo de Sangro Fondi Mars symbol.svg (ITA) Federico de Luca Mars symbol.svg Pegaso 990 8 5 7 6 5 8 11 2 9 4 10 3 7 6 34
10  Joaquim Mascarenhas de Fiuza Mars symbol.svg (POR) Antonio Guedes de Heredia Mars symbol.svg Vicking 1172 6 7 DSQ 0 DNF 0 5 8 7 6 8 5 11 2 28
11  Minoru Takarabe Mars symbol.svg (JPN) Takuo Mitsui Mars symbol.svg Myojo 1079 9 4 8 5 DNF 0 10 3 11 2 9 4 12 1 19
12  Victor Godts Mars symbol.svg (BEL) Albert Vos Mars symbol.svg Freddy 870 11 2 9 4 DNF 0 8 5 10 3 12 1 10 3 18
DNF = Did Not Finish, DNS= Did Not Start, DSQ = Disqualified, SO = Sailed over
Mars symbol.svg = Male, Venus symbol.svg = Female

Race One

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Wannsee GER 12 1-57:37  
2 Sunshine SWE 11 1-59:03  
3 Three Star Too USA 10 2-05:31  
4 Paka GBR 9 2-06:13  
5 KNS NOR 8 2-08:29  
6 Vicking POR 7 2-09:26  
7 Marmara TUR 6 2-09:34  
8 Pegaso ITA 5 2-09:58  
9 Myojo JPN 4 2-14:06  
10 Fada FRA 3 2-22:01  
11 Freddy BEL 2 2-25:08  
AC Bem II NED     DNF

Race Two

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Sunshine SWE 12 2-01:51  
2 Bem II NED 11 2-02:48  
3 Paka GBR 10 2-03:17  
4 Wannsee GER 9 2-03:42  
5 Three Star Too USA 8 2-03:59  
6 Marmara TUR 7 2-04:57  
7 Pegaso ITA 6 2-05:55  
8 Myojo JPN 5 2-07:21  
9 Freddy BEL 4 2-08:44  
10 KNS NOR 3 2-10:10  
AC Fada FRA     DQ
AC Vicking POR     DQ

Race Three

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Wannsee GER 12 1-45:24  
2 Paka GBR 11 1-49:34  
3 Sunshine SWE 10 1-49:37  
4 Bem II NED 9 1-50:05  
5 Pegaso ITA 8 1-50:55  
6 Marmara TUR 7 1-51:33  
7 KNS NOR 6 1-51:53  
8 Three Star Too USA 5 1-52:02  
9 Fada FRA 4 1-52:11  
AC Myojo JPN     DNF
AC Vicking POR     DNF

Race Four

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Wannsee GER 12 2-38:06  
2 Sunshine SWE 11 2-42:07  
3 Bem II NED 10 2-42:55  
4 Fada FRA 9 2-42:57  
5 Vicking POR 8 2-43:24  
6 KNS NOR 7 2-43:52  
7 Paka GBR 6 2-44:26  
8 Freddy BEL 5 2-46:09  
9 Three Star Too USA 4 2-48:10  
10 Myojo JPN 3 2-48:37  
11 Pegaso ITA 2 2-49:15  
12 Marmara TUR 1 2-51:57  

Race Five

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Bem II NED 12 1-58:59  
2 Wannsee GER 11 2-00:08  
3 Three Star Too USA 10 2-00:54  
4 KNS NOR 9 2-01:55  
5 Fada FRA 8 2-02:12  
6 Marmara TUR 7 2-03:19  
7 Vicking POR 6 2-03:52  
8 Paka GBR 5 2-07:18  
9 Pegaso ITA 4 2-07:59  
10 Freddy BEL 3 2-08:06  
11 Myojo JPN 2 2-09:09  
12 Sunshine SWE 1 2-10:40  

Race Six

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Wannsee GER 12 2-23:04  
2 Bem II NED 11 2-23:20  
3 Sunshine SWE 10 2-26:37  
4 Three Star Too USA 9 2-26:47  
5 Paka GBR 8 2-27:03  
6 KNS NOR 7 2-27:32  
7 Fada FRA 6 2-28:21  
8 Vicking POR 5 2-28:44  
9 Myojo JPN 4 2-30:27  
10 Pegaso ITA 3 2-31:07  
11 Marmara TUR 2 2-31:20  
12 Freddy BEL 1 2-39:13  

Race Seven

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Wannsee GER 12 1-41:03  
2 Fada FRA 11 1-44:51  
3 Bem II NED 10 1-46:47  
4 Sunshine SWE 9 1-47:03  
5 Marmara TUR 8 1-47:39  
6 Paka GBR 7 1-47:47  
7 Pegaso ITA 6 1-48:03  
8 Three Star Too USA 5 1-48:15  
9 KNS NOR 4 1-48:52  
10 Freddy BEL 3 1-49:23  
11 Vicking POR 2 1-52:03  
12 Myojo JPN 1 1-52:08  
 

Daily standings

Graph showing the daily standings in the Star during the 1936 Summer Olympics

Conditions at the Outer Course

All starts were scheduled for 10:30.
The position of the outercourse was in front of Schilksee were in 1972 the new Olympic center was used. So in 1936 a long distance sailing/towing to the racing area from the old Olympic harbor.

Date Race Sky Wind direction Wind speed (m/s) Actual starting time Remark
04-AUG-1936 I Overcast, Occasional rain SW 12 12:05 Postponement storm at the outer bay > 16 m/s
05-AUG-1936 II Sunshine, Later overcast and rain WSW 3-4 10:30  
06-AUG-1936 III Sunny WSW 5-6 10:30  
07-AUG-1936 IV Slightly overcast NE 2 10:40 Postponement due to calm
08-AUG-1936 V Foggy later slightly overcast NE 2-3 11:45 Postponement due to fog
09-AUG-1936 VI Calm ENE 2-3 11:50 Postponement due to calm
10-AUG-1936 VII Fine SE 2-3 10:30  

Mixed 6 metres

Host City: Berlin, Germany
Venue(s): Kiel Fjord, Kiel
Date Started: August 4, 1936
Date Finished: August 10, 1936
Format: 12 points for first-place in each race, with scoring down to 1 point for 12th place.

 

Summary

The 6-metre class made its Olympic début in 1908 and was held continuously at the Olympics through 1952, but was then discontinued. It is a construction class, which means that the boats are not identical, but must meet certain international specifications. The international rule for 6-metres was set up in 1907. The 6-metre boats had a crew of five at the 1936 Olympics.

There were 11 teams competing, although a Swiss boat entered, but was disqualified when its helmsman, [André Firmenich], was declared a professional. The event was desperately close in the fight for the gold medal. The British boat, Lalage, helmed by [Christopher Boardman] (no relation to the cyclist of the 1990s), did not win a single race but held on the for the gold medal by placing second twice, third once, fourth once, and fifth once. They defeated the Norwegian boat, Lully, by only a single point. The Norwegian helmsman was [Magnus Konow], competing in his fifth Olympics after 1908, 1912, 1920, and 1928. He would also compete in 1948, setting a record with a 40-year span of Olympic appearances that was not bettered until the 2012 Olympics when Japanese equestrian [Hiroshi Hoketsu] competed, 48 years after his appearance at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics.

The 6 Metre was a sailing event on the Sailing at the 1936 Summer Olympics program in Firth of Kiel. Seven races were scheduled. 60 sailors, on 12 boats, from 12 nations competed.

Results

6 Metre insigna.png
Rank
Helmsman (Country) Crew Yachtname Sailnumber  Race I Race II Race III Race IV Race V Race VI Race VII Total
Points
Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points Rank Points
1st, gold medalist(s)  Christopher Boardman Mars symbol.svg (GBR) Miles Bellville Mars symbol.svg
Russell Harmer Mars symbol.svg
Charles Leaf Mars symbol.svg
Leonard Martin Mars symbol.svg
Lalage K 51 3 10 2 11 5 8 4 9 2 11 6 7 2 11 67
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Magnus Konow Mars symbol.svg (NOR) Karsten Konow Mars symbol.svg
Fredrik Meyer Mars symbol.svg
Vaadjuv Nyqvist Mars symbol.svg
Alf Tveten Mars symbol.svg
Lully N 61 II DSQ 0 1 12 4 9 2 11 3 10 1 12 1 12 66
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Sven Salén Mars symbol.svg (SWE) Lennart Ekdahl Mars symbol.svg
Martin Hindorff Mars symbol.svg
Torsten Lord Mars symbol.svg
Dagmar Salén Venus symbol.svg
May Be S 2 1 12 3 10 DNF 0 3 10 1 12 2 11 6 7 62
4  Julio Sieburger Mars symbol.svg (ARG) Claudio Bincaz Mars symbol.svg
German Julio Frers Mars symbol.svg
Edelf Ernesto Hosmann Mars symbol.svg
Jorge Luis Linck Mars symbol.svg
Wiking A 11 5 8 8 5 2 11 8 5 4 9 5 8 7 6 52
5  Renato Consentino Mars symbol.svg (ITA) Giuliano Oberti Mars symbol.svg
Massimo Oberti Mars symbol.svg
Giovanni Stampa Mars symbol.svg
Giuseppe Volpi Mars symbol.svg
Esperia I 52 7 6 5 8 1 12 9 4 6 7 10 3 3 10 50
6  Hans Johann Georg Lubinus Mars symbol.svg (GER) Dietrich Christensen Mars symbol.svg
Kurt Frey Mars symbol.svg
Theodor Thomsen Mars symbol.svg
Haimar Wedemeyer Mars symbol.svg
Gustel V G 25 2 11 4 9 DSQ 0 1 12 DSQ 0 4 9 5 8 49
7  Curt Mattson Mars symbol.svg (FIN) Yngve Pacius Mars symbol.svg
Ragnar Stenbaeck Mars symbol.svg
Helger Rafael Sumelius Mars symbol.svg
Lars Winqvist Mars symbol.svg
Lyn L 17 4 9 6 7 3 10 7 6 DSQ 0 7 6 8 5 43
8  Joop Carp Mars symbol.svg (NED) Ansco Dokkum Mars symbol.svg
Kees Jonker Mars symbol.svg
Herman Looman Mars symbol.svg
Ernst Moltzer Mars symbol.svg
De Ruyter H 14 8 5 9 4 DNF 0 5 8 7 6 3 10 4 9 42
9  William A. Bartholomae Jr. Mars symbol.svg (USA) Morgan Adams Mars symbol.svg
Charles Speed Garner Mars symbol.svg
Carl C. Paul Mars symbol.svg
John Wallace Mars symbol.svg
Mystry US 57 6 7 10 3 6 7 6 7 5 8 8 5 DNF 0 37
10  Jean Peytel Mars symbol.svg (FRA) Yves Baudrier Mars symbol.svg
Claude de Desouches Mars symbol.svg
Gerard Piolec Mars symbol.svg
Jacques Ranbaud Mars symbol.svg
Qu’Importe F50 9 4 7 6 7 6 10 3 8 5 11 2 9 4 30
11  Janusz Rajmund Zalewski Mars symbol.svg (POL) Jozef Klemens Langowski Mars symbol.svg
Alfons Olszewski Mars symbol.svg
Juliusz Wladyslaw Sieradzki Mars symbol.svg
Stanislaw Zalewski Mars symbol.svg
Danuta PZ 1 10 3 11 2 DNF 0 11 2 9 4 9 4 10 3 18
12  Andre Firmenich Mars symbol.svg (SUI) Frederic Firmenich Mars symbol.svg
Georges Firmenich Mars symbol.svg
Louis Gelbert Mars symbol.svg
Alexandre Noverraz Mars symbol.svg
Ylliam III Z 21 DSQ 0 DSQ 0 DSQ 0 DSQ 0 DSQ 0 DSQ 0 DSQ 0 0

Race One

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 May Be SWE 12 1-59:44  
2 Gustel V GER 11 2-00:13  
3 Lalage GBR 10 2-00:30  
4 Lynn FIN 9 2-00:51  
5 Wiking ARG 8 2-01:40  
6 Mystery USA 7 2-03:29  
7 Esperia ITA 6 2-04:59  
8 DeRuyter NED 5 2-05:54  
9 Qu'Importe FRA 4 2-13:50  
10 Danuta POL 3 2-15:40  
AC Lully II NOR     DQ
AC Ylliam II SUI     DQ

Race Two

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Lully II NOR 12 2-02:50  
2 Lalage GBR 11 2-03:35  
3 May Be SWE 10 2-05:15  
4 Gustel V GER 9 2-05:21  
5 Esperia ITA 8 2-06:43  
6 Lynn FIN 7 2-06:57  
7 Qu'Importe FRA 6 2-06:58  
8 Wiking ARG 5 2-06:58  
9 DeRuyter NED 4 2-07:12  
10 Mystery USA 3 2-08:33  
11 Danuta POL 2 2-15:35  
AC Ylliam II SUI     DQ

Race Three

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Esperia ITA 12 1-58:56  
2 Wiking ARG 11 1-58:59  
3 Lynn FIN 10 1-59:45  
4 Lully II NOR 9 1-59:57  
5 Lalage GBR 8 1-59:58  
6 Mystery USA 7 2-02:40  
7 Mystery FRA 6 2-06:46  
AC Gustel V GER     DQ
AC Danuta POL     DQ
AC Ylliam II SUI     DQ
AC May Be SWE     DNF

Race Four

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Gustel V GER 12 3-10:04  
2 Lully II NOR 11 3-11:03  
3 May Be SWE 10 3-12:51  
4 Lalage GBR 9 3-13:24  
5 DeRuyter NED 8 3-14:50  
6 Mystery USA 7 3-15:14  
7 Lynn FIN 6 3-15:53  
8 Wiking ARG 5 3-16:08  
9 Esperia ITA 4 3-16:30  
10 Qu'Importe FRA 3 3-17:09  
11 Danuta POL 2 3-19:32  
AC Ylliam II SUI     DQ

Race Five

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 May Be SWE 12 2-29:24  
2 Lalage GBR 11 2-30:02  
3 Lully II NOR 10 2-31:52  
4 Wiking ARG 9 2-32:15  
5 Mystery USA 8 2-34:09  
6 Esperia ITA 7 2-34:43  
7 DeRuyter NED 6 2-36:04  
8 Qu'Importe FRA 5 2-36:47  
9 Danuta POL 4 2-38:00  
AC Lynn FIN     DQ
AC Gustel V GER     DQ
AC Ylliam II SUI     DQ

Race Six

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Lully II NOR 12 2-29:54  
2 May Be SWE 11 2-33:48  
3 DeRuyter NED 10 2-34:36  
4 Gustel V GER 9 2-34:58  
5 Wiking ARG 8 2-35:58  
6 Lalage GBR 7 2-37:08  
7 Lynn FIN 6 2-37:17  
8 Mystery USA 5 2-37:41  
9 Danuta POL 4 2-38:08  
10 Esperia ITA 3 2-38:39  
11 Qu'Importe FRA 2 2-39:30  
AC Ylliam II SUI     DQ

Race Seven

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Lully II NOR 12 2-08:17  
2 Lalage GBR 11 2-09:09  
3 Esperia ITA 10 2-09:30  
4 DeRuyter NED 9 2-09:35  
5 Gustel V GER 8 2-09:51  
6 May Be SWE 7 2-10:01  
7 Wiking ARG 6 2-10:44  
8 Lynn FIN 5 2-11:28  
9 Qu'Importe FRA 4 2-15:52  
10 Danuta POL 3 2-24:48  
AC Ylliam II SUI     DQ
AC Mystery USA     DNF
 

DNF = Did Not Finish, DNS= Did Not Start, DSQ = Disqualified, SO = Sailed over
Mars symbol.svg = Male, Venus symbol.svg = Female

Daily standings

Graph showing the daily standings in the 6 Metre during the 1936 Summer Olympics

Conditions at the Outer Course

All starts were scheduled for 10:30.
The position of the outercourse was in front of Schilksee were in 1972 the new Olympic center was used. So in 1936 a long distance sailing/towing to the racing area from the old Olympic harbor.

Date Race Sky Wind direction Wind speed (m/s) Actual starting time Remark
04-AUG-1936 I Overcast, Occasional rain SW 12 12:05 Postponement storm at the outer bay > 16 m/s
05-AUG-1936 II Sunshine, Later overcast and rain WSW 3-4 10:30  
06-AUG-1936 III Sunny WSW 5-6 10:30  
07-AUG-1936 IV Slightly overcast NE 2 10:40 Postponement due to calm
08-AUG-1936 V Foggy later slightly overcast NE 2-3 11:45 Postponement due to fog
09-AUG-1936 VI Calm ENE 2-3 11:50 Postponement due to calm
10-AUG-1936 VII Fine SE 2-3 10:30  

Mixed 8 metres

Host City: Berlin, Germany
Venue(s): Kiel Fjord, Kiel
Date Started: August 4, 1936
Date Finished: August 12, 1936
Format: 10 points for first-place in each race, with scoring down to 1 point for 10th place.

 

Summary

The 8-metre class is a construction class, which means that they are not all identical, but must meet certain international specifications. The class was the most prestigious class prior to World War II and was conducted continuously at the Olympics from 1908 through 1936 but was discontinued as an Olympic event after this year. This was most likely due to the fact that the 8-metres were the largest boat raced at the Olympics, with a crew of six, getting the boats to the Olympic sites was somewhat difficult, and the trend was to smaller boats at the Olympics.

The Swedish boat, Ilderim, helmed by [Tore Holm], won three of the seven races, but very poor finishes in the others dropped it to only fourth place. After six races, the Italian boat, Italia, led the Norwegians, aboard Silja, by only one point. When Italy defeated Norway in the seventh race, finishing second and third, respectively, behind Sweden, the Italians had the gold medal. Norway and Germany tied after seven races, and sailed off for the silver and bronze medals, Norway winning that race and the silver medal. The German crew included [Alfried von Bohlen und Halbach], who was later sentenced to 12 years in prison for “crimes against humanity” during World War II, when he was complicit in assisting Nazi war crimes.

The 8 Metre was a sailing event on the Sailing at the 1936 Summer Olympics program in Firth of Kiel. Seven races were scheduled. 60 sailors, on 10 boats, from 10 nations competed.

Results

8 Metre insigna.png
Rank
Helmsman (Country) Crew Yachtname Sail no. Race I Race II Race III Race IV Race V Race VI Race VII Tie
breaker
Total
points[
Rank Pts Rank Pts Rank Pts Rank Pts Rank Pts Rank Pts Rank Pts
1st, gold medalist(s)  Giovanni Reggio Mars symbol.svg (ITA) Bruno Bianchi Mars symbol.svg
Luigi De Manincor Mars symbol.svg
Domenico Mordini Mars symbol.svg
Enrico Poggi Mars symbol.svg
Luigi Poggi Mars symbol.svg
Italia I 20 2 9 5 6 6 5 1 10 3 8 3 8 2 9   55
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Olaf Ditlev-Simonsen Mars symbol.svg (NOR) John Ditlev-Simonsen Mars symbol.svg
Lauritz Schmidt Mars symbol.svg
Hans Struksnæs Mars symbol.svg
Jacob Tullin Thams Mars symbol.svg
Nordahl Wallem Mars symbol.svg
Silja N 26 3 8 1 10 2 9 6 5 5 6 4 7 3 8 1 53
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Hans Howaldt Mars symbol.svg (GER) Fritz Bischoff Mars symbol.svg
Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Mars symbol.svg
Eduard Mohr Mars symbol.svg
Felix Scheder-Bieschin Mars symbol.svg
Otto Wachs Mars symbol.svg
Germania III G 9 6 5 2 9 4 7 4 7 1 10 1 10 6 5 2 53
4  Tore Holm Mars symbol.svg (SWE) Marcus Wallenberg Mars symbol.svg
Wilhelm Moberg Mars symbol.svg
Detlov von Braun Mars symbol.svg
Per Gedda Mars symbol.svg
Bo Westerberg Mars symbol.svg
Ilderim S 16 1 10 3 8 1 10 3 8 6 5 DSQ 0 1 10   51
5  Gunnar Grönblom Mars symbol.svg (FIN) Hilding Silander Mars symbol.svg
Gustaf Oscar Sumelius Mars symbol.svg
Olof Wallin Mars symbol.svg
Sven Grönblom Mars symbol.svg
Walter Kjellberg Mars symbol.svg
Cheerio L 7 5 6 6 5 3 8 7 4 4 7 DSQ 0 4 7   37
6  Kenneth Huson Preston Mars symbol.svg (GBR) Robert Steele Mars symbol.svg
Joseph Neild Compton Mars symbol.svg
John Noel Eddy Mars symbol.svg
Beryl Preston Venus symbol.svg
Francis Richard W. Preston Mars symbol.svg
Saskia K 26 4 7 4 7 5 6 5 6 9 2 5 6 9 2   36
7  Rufino Rodríguez de la Torre Mars symbol.svg (ARG) Mario Ortiz Sauze Mars symbol.svg
Luis Domingo Aguirre Mars symbol.svg
Hipolito Ezequiel Gil Elizalde Mars symbol.svg
Rafael Ernesto Iglesias Mars symbol.svg
Guillermo Peralta Ramos Mars symbol.svg
Matrero II A 5 8 3 7 4 7 4 9 2 8 3 6 5 7 4   25
8  Niels Valdemar Hansen Mars symbol.svg (DEN) Hans Tholstrup Mars symbol.svg
Otto Gunnar Danielsen Mars symbol.svg
Carl Viggo Berntsen Mars symbol.svg
Vagn Westerberg Kastrup Mars symbol.svg
Niels Schibbye Mars symbol.svg
Anitra D 1 9 2 10 1 10 1 2 9 2 9 DSQ 0 DNF 0   22
9  Pierre Arbaut Mars symbol.svg (FRA) Pierre Gaudermen Mars symbol.svg
Henri Schelcher Mars symbol.svg
Charles Gaulthier Mars symbol.svg
Henri Bachet Mars symbol.svg
Ernest Granier Mars symbol.svg
EA II F 8 10 1 9 2 9 2 DSQ 0 7 4 2 9 8 3   21
10  Owen Churchill Mars symbol.svg (USA) Robert Sutton Mars symbol.svg
Carl Dorsey Mars symbol.svg
William Patrick Keane Jr. Mars symbol.svg
Frederick Williams Shick Mars symbol.svg
Antonia Churchill Venus symbol.svg
Angelita US 18 7 4 8 3 8 3 8 3 10 1 dsq 0 5 6   20

Race One

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Ilderim SWE 10 2-12:43  
2 Italia ITA 9 2-14:28  
3 Silja NOR 8 2-15:07  
4 Saskia GBR 7 2-15:57  
5 Sheerio FIN 6 2-17:08  
6 Germania II GER 5 2-17:11  
7 Angelita USA 4 2-17:24  
8 Matrero II ARG 3 2-17:26  
9 Anitra DEN 2 2-30:50  
10 EA II FRA 1 2-30:51  

Race Two

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Silja NOR 10 2-14:20  
2 Germania II GER 9 2-15:48  
3 Ilderim SWE 8 2-16:29  
4 Saskia GBR 7 2-17:08  
5 Italia ITA 6 2-19:32  
6 Sheerio FIN 5 2-19:34  
7 Matrero II ARG 4 2-20:31  
8 Angelita USA 3 2-23:47  
9 EA II FRA 2 2-24:08  
10 Anitra DEN 1 2-30:15  

Race Three

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Ilderim SWE 10 2-10:36  
2 Silja NOR 9 2-13:50  
3 Sheerio FIN 8 2-14:26  
4 Germania II GER 7 2-14:45  
5 Saskia GBR 6 2-14:51  
6 Italia ITA 5 2-18:49  
7 Matrero II ARG 4 2-18:59  
8 Angelita USA 3 2-19:48  
9 EA II FRA 2 2-20:32  
10 Anitra DEN 1 2-27:32  

Race Four

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Italia ITA 10 3-26:22  
2 Anitra DEN 9 3-28:57  
3 Ilderim SWE 8 3-29:43  
4 Germania II GER 7 3-31:21  
5 Saskia GBR 6 3-33:46  
6 Silja NOR 5 3-34:17  
7 Sheerio FIN 4 3-34:58  
8 Angelita USA 3 3-35:28  
9 Matrero II ARG 2 3-36:53  
AC EA II FRA     DQ

Race Five

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Germania II GER 10 2-42:42  
2 Anitra DEN 9 2-45:58  
3 Italia ITA 8 2-46:30  
4 Sheerio FIN 7 2-46:35  
5 Silja NOR 6 2-46:57  
6 Ilderim SWE 5 2-48:05  
7 EA II FRA 4 2-48:49  
8 Matrero II ARG 3 2-49:33  
9 Saskia GBR 2 2-59:16  
10 Angelita USA 1 3-00:07  

Race Six

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Germania II GER 10 2-57:27  
2 EA II FRA 9 3-01:02  
3 Italia ITA 8 3-02:00  
4 Silja NOR 7 3-02:33  
5 Saskia GBR 6 3-02:50  
6 Matrero II ARG 5 3-04:00  
AC Anitra DEN     DQ
AC Sheerio FIN     DQ
AC Ilderim SWE     DQ
AC Angelita USA     DQ

Race Seven

 
Rank Team NOC PTS T  
1 Ilderim SWE 10 2-35:22  
2 Italia ITA 9 2-35:24  
3 Silja NOR 8 2-38:10  
4 Sheerio FIN 7 2-38:20  
5 Angelita USA 6 2-38:46  
6 Germania II GER 5 2-39:56  
7 Matrero II ARG 4 2-41:20  
8 EA II FRA 3 2-41:46  
9 Saskia GBR 2 2-43:22  
AC Anitra DEN     DNF
 

DNF = Did Not Finish, DNS= Did Not Start, DSQ = Disqualified, SO = Sailed over
Mars symbol.svg = Male, Venus symbol.svg = Female

 
  • Sailnumbers are listed to make it possible to identify the specific sailors on the pictures.
  1. The 1936 Olympic scoring system was used.

Daily standings

Graph showing the daily standings in the 8 Metre during the 1936 Summer Olympics

Conditions at the Outer Course

All starts were scheduled for 10:30.
The position of the outercourse was in front of Schilksee were in 1972 the new Olympic center was used. So in 1936 a long distance sailing/towing to the racing area from the old Olympic harbor.


Date Race Sky Wind direction Wind speed (m/s) Actual starting time Remark
4 Aug 1936 I Overcast, Occasional rain SW 12 12:05 Postponement storm at the outer bay > 16 m/s
5 Aug 1936 II Sunshine, Later overcast and rain WSW 3–4 10:30  
6 Aug 1936 III Sunny WSW 5–6 10:30  
7 Aug 1936 IV Slightly overcast NE 2 10:40 Postponement due to calm
8 Aug 1936 V Foggy later slightly overcast NE 2–3 11:45 Postponement due to fog
9 Aug 1936 VI Calm ENE 2–3 11:50 Postponement due to calm
10 Aug 1936 VII Fine SE 2–3 10:30  
12 Aug 1936 VII Slightly overcast E 4–5 14:05  
 

 

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