1984  Los Angeles Summer Olympics

1984 Summer Olympics - Highlights of the Games

1984 Highlights of the Games


Arts Festival

The 1984 Summer Olympics was preceded by the 10-week-long adjunct Los Angeles Olympic Arts Festival, which opened on June 2 and ended on August 12. It provided more than 400 performances by 146 theater, dance and music companies, representing every continent and 18 countries. It was organized by then-CalArts President Robert Fitzpatrick.


  • The opening ceremony featured the arrival of Bill Suitor by means of the Bell Aerosystems rocket pack (also known as a Jet Pack).
  • The United States Army Band formed the Olympic rings to start the opening ceremony.
  • The United States topped the medal count for the first time since 1968, winning a record 83 gold medals and surpassing the Soviet Union’s total of 80 golds at the 1980 Summer Olympics.
  • As a result of an IOC agreement designating the Republic of China (Taiwan) in the name of Chinese Taipei, the People's Republic of China returned to the summer Olympics for the first time since Helsinki 1952. The Military anthem of China was played for both teams during the opening ceremony.
  • Local Los Angeles artist Rodolfo Escalera was commissioned to create nine paintings depicting the Summer Games that would later be turned into collectible plates and presented as "The Official Gift of the 1984 Olympics".

The Los Angeles Olympic Organizing Committee named Ernie Barnes "Sports Artist of the 1984 Olympic Games". LAOOC President Peter V. Ueberroth said Barnes and his art "captured the essence of the Olympics" and "portray the city's ethnic diversity, the power and emotion of sports competition, the singleness of purpose and hopes that go into the making of athletes the world over." Barnes was commissioned to create five Olympic-themed paintings and serve as an official Olympic spokesman to encourage inner city youth.[

Track and field

  • Carl Lewis of the United States, making his first of four appearances at the Olympics, equaled the 1936 performance of Jesse Owens by winning four gold medals, in the 100 m, 200 m, 4 × 100 m relay and long jump.
  • Edwin Moses of the United States won the gold medal in the 400m hurdles 8 years after winning in 1976.
  • Joaquim Cruz of Brazil won the 800 meter run with a time of 1:43.00 to set an Olympic record.
  • Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco became the first female Olympic champion of a Muslim nation—and the first of her country—in the 400 m hurdles.
  • Carlos Lopes, from Portugal, won the Marathon at the age of 37, with a time of 2:09:21, an Olympic record that stood for 24 years. It was the first gold medal ever for Portugal. Gold medal favorite, World Record holder and the then World Champion, Robert de Castella from Australia, finished in 5th place, 1:48 behind Lopes.
  • A marathon for women was held for the first time at the Olympics (won by Joan Benoit of the U.S.). The event was considered notable because of Swiss runner Gabriela Andersen-Schiess, who – suffering from heat exhaustion – stumbled through the last lap, providing dramatic images.
  • Daley Thompson of Great Britain apparently missed a new world record in winning his second consecutive gold medal in the decathlon; the next year his score was retroactively raised to 8847, giving him the record.
  • Sebastian Coe of Great Britain became the first man to win consecutive gold medals in the 1500m.
  • Maricica Puică of Romania won the 3000 meters, known for the Mary Decker vs Zola Budd rivalry. World champion and heavy favorite Decker fell after a controversial collision with Budd. However, Puică had the best annual time at the distance, easily run away from Silver medalist Wendy Sly of Great Britain and appeared to have more to give if it had been necessary. Puică was injured during the very first Track and Field World Championships in Helsinki the year before, in which Decker had won both the 1500 meters and the 3000 meters.

Other sports

  • The first gold medal to be awarded at the Los Angeles Olympics was also the first-ever medal to be won by an athlete from China when Xu Haifeng won the 50 m Pistol event.
  • Archer Neroli Fairhall from New Zealand was the first paraplegic Olympian at any Olympic Games, coming 35th in the Women's individual event.
  • Synchronized swimming and rhythmic gymnastics debuted in Los Angeles as Olympic events, as did wind surfing.
  • Li Ning from the People's Republic of China won 6 medals in gymnastics, 3 gold, 2 silver, and 1 bronze, earning him the nickname "Prince of Gymnasts" in China. Li would later light the Olympic Cauldron at the 2008 Olympics.[11]
  • Steve Redgrave of Great Britain won his first title in rowing of the record five he would go on to win in five Olympic competitions.
  • Victor Davis of Canada set a new world record in winning the gold medal in the 200-meter breaststroke in swimming.
  • Mary Lou Retton of the United States became the first gymnast outside Eastern Europe to win the gymnastics all-around competition.
  • In men's gymnastics, the American team won the Gold Medal.
  • France won the Olympic association football (soccer) tournament, defeating Brazil 2–0 in the final. Olympic football was unexpectedly played before massive crowds throughout America, with several sell-outs at the 100,000+ seat Rose Bowl. This interest eventually led to the US hosting the 1994 FIFA World Cup.
  • The Soviet-led boycott affected weightlifting more than any other sport: 94 of the world's top 100 ranked lifters were absent, as were 29 of the 30 medalists from the recent world championships. All 10 of the defending world champions in the 10 weight categories were absent. Success of the Eastern Bloc countries might be explained by state-run doping programs that had been developed there.
  • Future Dream Team members Michael Jordan, Patrick Ewing, and Chris Mullin were on the team that won the gold medal in basketball. The 1984 US men's Olympic basketball team was coached by Indiana Hoosiers head coach Bobby Knight.
  • Connie Carpenter-Phinney of the United States became the first woman to win an Olympic cycling event when she won the women's individual road race.


Los Angeles hosted a men's and women's basketball tournament. The men started twelve teams, with the Soviet Union as world champion of 1982, considered in advance as the biggest competitor of the US team, was not due to the boycott at the start. The United States side, coached by Bobby Knight and including Chris Mullin , Patrick Ewing and Michael Jordan , did not find themselves in any match and won the Olympics victory. In the final, the Americans defeated the team from Spain, in which, among others, San Epifanioplayed with 95:65. In the match for bronze Yugoslavia won with 88:82 against Canada. The crew of the FRG, which was allowed to move up for the USSR, reached eighth place.

The women's tournament took only two teams after two boycott-related cancellations. The USSR lacked the world champions of 1983, who were expected to be the toughest opponents of the Americans. The United States team with Cheryl Miller and Teresa Edwards competed in the tournament confidently. In the final she won against South Korea with 85:55 - her scarcest victory in the tournament. In the match for bronze, the People's Republic of China prevailed with 63:57 against the team from Canada.


In archery two individual competitions took place, in which a total of 62 men and 47 women participated. In the competition, the shooters completed a double FITA round with 144 arrows. In the men's race, American Darrell Pace won with 2616 points ahead of compatriot and frequent rival Richard McKinney , who scored 2564 points. Pace set a new Olympic record. At the 1983 World Cup McKinney had prevailed before Pace, because he had scored two more tens for the same score in the Olympic competition lacked this drama because Pace led from the first round.  The bronze medal went to the Japanese Hiroshi Yamamotowith 2563 points. For the women, the only 17-year-old South Korean Seo Hyang-soon won the gold medal with the Olympic record of 2568 points. Silver was won by Chinese Li Lingjuan with 2559, bronze by South Korean Kim Jin-ho , who scored 2555 points and was champion of the previous year and favorite.


A total of 354 boxers from 81 countries competed in the boxing tournaments. Nine of the twelve titles went to the United States, whose boxers also brought a silver and a bronze medal. Overall, the boxing matches were overshadowed by partisan and wrong refereeing decisions. In retrospect, it emerged that the American Paul Gonzales Jr. , who had won the gold medal in light flyweight and the Val-Barker Cup was awarded for the best technical boxer, in the fight against South Korean Kim in the first round of the tournament had broken his hand. He could not have started further, but this was not a referee. Special explosiveness received this fact in that his final opponent,Salvatore Todisco from Italy, due to a broken hand was no longer allowed to compete and Gonzales thus gold won without a fight.  After Nigerian Charles Nwokolo was knocked out of Puerto Rican jorge Maisonet's controversial 3-2 judges' decision in the knockout round of light welterweight , viewers even blamed the jury for animal excrement, and the Nigerian boxing champions threatened the judges with a cane.  Prior to the Olympic Games of Los Angeles that had AIBAdecided that 3: 2 judge judgments could be tipped 5: 0 by a jury. Since a jury member in 19 out of 20 cases with its rating, this rule was abolished after the games again.


In Los Angeles, a total of 202 men and 60 women entered the fencing competitions . Dominant nations were Italy with three gold, one silver and two bronze medals and France with two gold, one silver and three bronze medals. Behind it lay the FRG with two titles and three second places. The fencers of these teams made the competitions mostly among themselves. One of the few surprises was the Swede Björne Väggö , who started as the 44th in the world rankings in Los Angeles and eventually won silver in the sword-single.  In the women's foil individual, Chinese Luan Jujie won 8: 3 against German Cornelia Hanisch the gold medal. The Chinese was previously 1981 Vice World Champion behind Hanisch and 1983 bronze medalist. The bronze medal went to the Italian Dorina Vaccaroni , who defeated in the battle for third place the Romanian Elisabeta Guzganu . The team competition won the German fencers in front of Romania and France.


16 teams participated in the Olympic Football Tournament. The FIFA had decided after the easing of amateur paragraphs that all players who were born after June 1, 1961 were allowed to participate. For teams from South America and Europe was also that their players have never participated in the qualification or finals of the World Cup . Due to the boycott the medal winners of 1980, ČSSR, GDR and USSR, stayed away from the games. Since these teams had prevailed next to Yugoslavia and France in the European qualifiers, moved to the FRG, Norway and Italy. Among the participants, apart from Yugoslavia, only Costa Rica and Iraq had already participated in the 1980 Olympic football tournament.

The Brazilians were the first South American team after Uruguay and Argentina at the Olympic Summer Games 1928 survive the preliminary round.  In the match for bronze Italy defeated the team from Yugoslavia with 1: 2, after it had been in the first-half lead. In the final, the French team won under coach Henri Michel , in which, among others, Albert Rust and Didier Sénac played, 2-0 against Brazil. It was the first Olympic victory in this sport for France and the first of a Western European team since the London Games of 1948. Six weeks before the final, the French team - to which only Albert Rust had belonged to the Olympics -European champion , so that France won with the Olympic victory for the first time both titles in a year.


In weightlifting , 186 athletes competed in ten weight classes. This sport was particularly hard hit by boycott-related failures. Were missing 29 of 30 medalists from the games in Moscow in 1980, were missing from the top 100 lifters 94.  The most successful nation was the People's Republic of China with four gold and two silver medals in the lightweight class. Most medals went to Romania - two gold, five silver and one bronze. In flyweight, the Chinese Zeng Guogiang won with 235 kilograms of raised weight in front of his compatriot Zhou Peishun , who also raised 235 kilograms, because he was 100 grams lighter, and was so 19 years the hitherto most recent Olympic gold medalist in weightlifting. With Karl-Heinz Radschinsky middleweight and Rolf Milser heavyweight I two German gold medals won, won the Super Heavyweight Manfred Nerlinger behind the Americans Mario Martinez and the Olympic champion Dean Lukin from Australia bronze. Lukin was the first Australian Olympic champion in this sport.


The men's handball tournament in Los Angeles involved 12 teams. As a result of boycott, the Soviet Union, the GDR, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Cuba did not appear and were replaced by five followers from the European qualifiers and one from Asia. So moved the FRG, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain and Iceland in the tournament, was also South Korea. Olympic champion was the team from Yugoslavia, who narrowly defeated the West German team under coach Simon Schobel in the final 18:17 , including Andreas Thiel and Jochen Fraatzbelonged, could prevail. With 23:19 Romania prevailed against Denmark in the match for third place and thus won bronze. Switzerland took seventh place with a 18:17 against Spain.

In the women's tournament started six teams. Since the USSR, the GDR and Hungary did not start because of the boycott, they were replaced by the FRG, Austria and South Korea. The title was played in a simple round in the mode each against each one. As with the men, Gold won the Yugoslav team, which remained undefeated. Behind them won the South Koreans silver and bronze went to the People's Republic of China. The German team, in which Silvia Schmitt and Petra Platen played, reached the fourth place shared with the Americans. The Austrians could win none of their five games and took the sixth place.


In men's hockey tournament, twelve teams competed, doubling the number in 1980. The Soviet Union team was not represented because of the boycott and was replaced by Great Britain. The British were able to qualify as the first of Group B before Pakistan for the semi-finals, but lost in this 0-1 against Germany. The first of the Group A, Australia, lost his semi-final against Pakistan also with 0: 1. In the match for bronze, the British team prevailed 3-2 against the Australians, who had won the 1983 Champions Trophy in Karachi before Pakistan. The German team, in which among others Andreas Keller and Carsten Fischerplayed, defeated in the final despite the Michael Peter Peter in the meantime achieved leadership with 1: 2 Pakistanis. The coach of the Pakistani team was Manzoor Hussain Atif , who had become Olympic champion in 1960 as a player and had trained in 1968, the Pakistani Olympic champion team.

After the 1980 women's hockey tournament debuted in Moscow, top teams such as the Netherlands, the FRG and Australia took part in Los Angeles for the first time. The defending champions from Zimbabwe were automatically qualified, but waived. The mode was a tournament against everyone. The Dutch women were the favorites for the 1983 World Cup and were able to do justice to this role with their Olympic victory. Silver went to the German team and bronze to the home team from the United States.


212 judoka started in eight weight classes. For the last time athletes competed in the category "Open Class", which was not part of the competition program of the next games.  In Judo dominated the Asian starters. The most successful nation was Japan, whose judoka with four titles won half of the possible gold medals and also a bronze medal. Behind it lay South Korea with two gold, two silver and one bronze medal. The only European winners were the German Frank Wieneke in the middleweight division and the Austrian Peter Seisenbacherat middleweight. Seisenbacher was able to repeat his success in Seoul four years later and was the first to succeed in the Olympic history of judo. The Japanese Hitoshi Saito , who had won gold in Los Angeles in the heavyweight division, also succeeded in defending his title, but only two days after the Austrian.  With Josef Reiter in the half-light weight, G Neureuther in the half-heavyweight and Artur Schnabel in the open class, the German judoka also reached three times the bronze medal.

Canoe Racing

In canoe racing started a total of 195 drivers - 158 men and 37 women. In Los Angeles, the women's quad kayak was part of the competition program for the first time. The most successful nation was New Zealand with four gold medals. Ian Ferguson won three gold medals , equaling Peter Snell , New Zealand's most successful Olympian ever. In the Canadier One over 1000 meters, the German Ulrich Eicke won gold ahead of the Canadian Larry Cain and the Danish Henning Lynge Jakobsen . Cain was halfway Olympic champion, with the Dane silver there. The dominant canoeist was Agneta Anderssonfrom Sweden. She won gold in the kayak one and together with Anna Olsson in kayak twos, in kayak four she also reached the silver medal. In the kayak one went silver to the German Barbara Schüttpelz , who won bronze in the pair with Josefa Idem , before the Dutch Annemiek Derckx .


In the athletics competitions started 1280 athletes from 124 teams - 895 men and 385 women. The dominant nation was the United States with 16 gold, 15 silver and nine bronze medals. She also provided the most successful contestant with Carl Lewis , who had set a goal in advance to repeat Jesse Owen's 1936 success. He succeeded with the victories in the 100-meter dash, the 200-meter dash, the 100-meter relay and the long jump. In the course of over 5000 meters, the Swiss Markus Ryffel reached behind Saïd Aouita from Morocco and ahead of the Portuguese António Leitãothe silver medal, the only athletics medal of the Swiss in these games. Over the 400 meter hurdles won Edwin Moses , who had already won the Olympic gold medal in Montreal in 1976 and boycott the possibility to defend his title in 1980, ahead of his compatriot Danny Harris and the German Harald Schmid , who last succeeded in 1977, Moses on this To beat distance. Dietmar Mögenburg from Germany won in the high jump ahead of Sweden's Patrik Sjöberg and Chinese Zhu Jianhua . The Portuguese Carlos Lopeswon the marathon and thus the first ever Olympic gold medal for his country. Behind him, the Irishman John Treacy and the Briton Charlie Spedding placed . Both titles in going went to Mexican athletes. The 20 kilometer winner was Ernesto Canto , the 50-kilometer Raúl González , who had previously reached silver over the shorter distance. The throwing disciplines were particularly affected by the boycott. In the hammer throw, which the Finn Juha Tiainen won in front of the Germans Karl-Hans Riehm and Klaus Ploghaus , the majority of the top 10 in the world was missing.  In the discus throw was Rolf Danneberg Olympic champion. The decathlon won the Briton Daley Thompson with 8797 points (which were corrected in 1985 after changing the competition table to the world record 8847 points) gold in front of his permanent rival Jürgen Hingsen from Germany. Thompson thus defended his title from 1980. The decision was made only in the third last discipline, the pole vault, in which Hingsen jumped only 4.50 m, while Thompson reached five meters.

The most successful athlete was the American Valerie Brisco-Hooks , who won gold over 200 and 400 meters and with the 400-meter relay, each with an Olympic record. With silver over 200 meters also Florence Griffith-Joyner , who was the most successful athlete in Seoul, won her first Olympic medal. Gold in the high jump went to the German Ulrike Meyfarth , who had already been twelve years earlier in Munich Olympic champion. The competition in the shot put decided the German colleague Claudia Losch with the last attempt over 20.48 m in front of the Romanian Mihaela Loghin for themselves, whose width was only an inch lower. The first Olympic champion in the marathon wasJoan Benoit from the USA in front of Grete Waitz from Norway and the Portuguese Rosa Mota . The heptathlon won the Australian Glynis Nunn in front of the American Jackie Joyner-Kersee , who won the Olympic Games in the discipline in the following two games.

Modern pentathlon

In the Modern Pentathlon started 52 participants from 18 teams. There was an individual competition and a team competition, the result of which resulted from the individual results. The program consisted of show jumping on the first day, fencing on the second day, the 300-meter freestyle swim on the third day and finally the shooting and the final 4000-meter cross-country run. For the first time, the competition stretched over four days and also for the first time the mode of the cross country run was a handicap start, so that the finish corresponded to the final result. The gold medal in the singles won by Italian Daniele Masala , which was in 1976 Olympic fourth and was not allowed to start in Moscow, with 5469 points ahead of SwedenSvante Rasmuson and his compatriot Carlo Massullo . The team title went to Italy. Behind them, the United States and France were able to place in the medals. The Swiss team reached fourth place.


314 cyclists and 45 cyclists participated in the Olympic Games in Los Angeles at the start. The IOC had decided to introduce men's points racing and reduced the maximum number of participants per NOK to three at their road races. In 1983, it also took the women's road race in the program and adjourned the introduction of women's track cycling competitions on 1988.  The most successful nation was the US, whose cyclists with four gold medals half of the possible titles and also three silver and won two bronze medals. The 190.2-kilometer road race was won by the American Alexi Grewal with 4:59:57 hours in the sprint ahead of the Canadian Steve Bauer . The Norwegian won bronzeDag Otto Lauritzen . The 100-kilometer team time trial won Italy from Switzerland, for which Alfred Achermann , Richard Trinkler , Laurent Vial and Benno Wiss started, and the USA. The track cycling competitions took place on an uncovered velodrome with plastic track. In the competitions, the FRG recorded some successes. Fredy Schmidtke won gold in the 1000-meter time trial; Rolf Gölz in the 4000-meter pursuit and Uwe Messerschmidt in the points race won both silver and in the team pursuit, the West German team took the bronze medal. The Olympic debut of women in cycling won the AmericanConnie Carpenter-Phinney , who prevailed in the sprint of the road race in front of her compatriot Rebecca Twigg and the German Sandra Schumacher .


In Los Angeles started 157 riders (110 men and 47 women) from 30 nations. In dressage , show jumping and eventing , they each competed in a single and a team competition. With the dressage team consisting of Reiner Klimke , Uwe Sauer and Herbert Krug the FRG won the gold medal in front of the teams from Switzerland and Sweden. The best twelve riders from the team competition were allowed to start in singles. The gold medal in this competition also went to Klimke, ahead of Danish Anne Grethe Jensen-Törnbladand, with the sixth overall gold medal, became the most successful German Olympian ever.  Bronze went to the Swiss Otto Hofer . The American Joe Fargis won the gold medal in show jumping singles only in the jump-off when he prevailed with 0 penalty points against his compatriot Conrad Homfeld with 8 penalty points. Bronze went, also awarded in the jump-off, to Swiss Heidi Robbiani , who scored 8 penalty points and 0 in the first round. Mark Todd from New Zealand, who had not previously won any international championship and could repeat his Olympic victory in Seoul , won the event in singles . In the team competitions of show jumping and eventing riding the occupation of the podium! Was the same: Gold went respectively to the US from the UK and Germany.


267 wrestlers from 44 countries arrived in Los Angeles. The wrestling was one of the most severely affected by the boycott sports. In the Greco-Roman style, 20 of the 30 medal winners of Moscow were absent, in the free-style wrestling, there were 23.  The most successful nation was the United States with nine gold medals, their strength was mainly in the freestyle wrestling. In lightweight flyweight, the German Markus Scherer won silver behind Vincenzo Maenza from Italy and ahead of the Japanese Ikuzo Saito . Maenza defended his title in Seoul. In the final of the bantamweight freestyle the German Pasquale Passarelli was against world champion Masaki Etofrom Japan already with 8: 2 in the lead, when he came just before a shoulder defeat and had to survive the last 1:36 minutes in the bridge to win the gold medal. At featherweight, Hugo Dietsche from Switzerland won the bronze medal 3: 1 against Abdurrahim Kuzu . Martin Knosp from Germany won the welterweight freestyle silver medal behind the American David Schultz .


There were 447 rowers out of 30 countries - 286 men and 161 women. Romania was the most successful nation and won with seven gold medals half of all possible titles. In one, Pertti Karppinen was for the third time in a row Olympic champion, thus setting the record of Vyacheslav Ivanov . Behind him, the German Peter-Michael Kolbe took the second and the Canadian Robert Mills third. In the pair with helmsman, the Italians Carmine Abbagnale , Giuseppe Abbagnale and Giuseppe Di Capua wonher first Olympic gold medal after becoming World Champion in 1981 and 1982. With the four-man with helmsman, the Briton Steven Redgrave won his first gold medal. The West German Doppelvierer won the gold medal as reigning world champion, after he had beaten the first time since the introduction of the boat class in 1974, the GDR at the 1983 World Championships. Silver went to Australia, bronze to Denmark. The eights race won the Canadian boat, which was counted after good results at the Rotsee Regatta in advance to the medal candidates. The Canadians prevailed over the Americans and the Australians. For women, all gold medals went to Romanians, with the exception of the eighth, in which they won silver behind the United States. In the pair without cox, the Germans Ellen Becker and Iris Völkner won the bronze medal behind the Canadian boat and the sovereign Romanians Rodica Arba and Elena Horvat , who had already been runner-up world champions last year.


383 riflemen and 77 shooters were at the start. The IOC decided at the Session 1980 the introduction of three disciplines for women and the opening of the pigeon disciplines for both sexes. In addition, air rifle competitions were held in Los Angeles for the first time . In competition with the Free Pistol, the Chinese Xu Haifeng won . He was the first Olympic champion and the first medal winner of the People's Republic of China. With the air rifle, the Frenchman won Philippe Heberle the gold medal. Behind him shot Andreas Kronthaler from Austria and Barry Daggerfrom Great Britain both 587 rings, the Austrian received the silver medal because he shot in the imposition 36 rings and the Briton only 22. In the small-caliber three-position battle silver went to Daniel Nipkow from Switzerland, the 1983 in Bad Homburg two world title in crossbow shooting had won. Olympic champion in this discipline was the Briton Malcolm Cooper , who was able to defend this title in Seoul. The decisions in the clay pigeon shooting were very close. In the trap were awarded behind the Olympic champion Luciano Giovannetti from Italy silver and bronze in the jump-off. Second place went to the Peruvian Francisco Boza with 24 points ahead of Daniel Carlislefrom the USA with 22 points. In skeet, the second and third place each scored 192 points; Ole Riber Rasmussen from Denmark won in the subsequent jump-off with 25 points silver in front of the Italian Luca Scribani Rossi , who reached 23 points. The decision with the sports pistol in the women was extremely close. The Canadian Linda Thom won gold in the third jump-off against the American Ruby Fox with 49:48. In the small-caliber three-position battle, silver went to the German Ulrike Holmer behind the Chinese woman Wu Xiaoxuan , who three days earlier had already won bronze with the air rifle.


A total of 494 athletes competed in the 29 swimming competitions - 308 men and 186 women. In addition, there were 50 synchronized swimmers , 45 water jumpers , 35 water sprinters and 146 water polo players . In 1983, the IOC allowed the FINA to host synchronized swimming competitions; In addition, in 1980, the resumption of the 200 -meter layer competitions and the 100 -meter freestyle relay of men was decided in the program.

Only nine of the 29 titles in the swimming competitions went to swimmers who were not from the United States. The Americans succeeded in deciding all squadrons for themselves. The most successful swimmers were two Americans, each with three gold medals: Ambrose Gaines won the 100-meter freestyle, with the 100-meter freestyle relay and the 100-meter relay, while Rick Carey 's 100 and 200-meter back, as well as with the 100-meter medley relay won. The most medals, however, was the German Michael Groß who won the 200-meter freestyle and 100-meter butterfly in world-record time, as well as the 200-meter butterfly and silver medalist with the relay medal. Over 400-meter freestyle occurred due to the premiered in Los Angeles B-Finals a unique case, when the German Thomas Fahrner , who had missed the finale in ninth by 19 hundredths of a second, set an Olympic record with 3: 50,91 minutes and was faster than the Olympic champion George DiCarlo from the United States. The most successful swimmers were Tracy Caulkins with gold over 200 and 400-meter positions and with the relay relay, and Mary T. Meagherwho won gold over 100 and 200 meter butterfly and with the relay relay. Behind the United States, the German relay team finished second to Svenja Schlicht , Ute Hasse , Ina Beyermann , who finished in third place over 200m, and Karin Seick , who won bronze over 100m.

With eight out of twelve possible medals, the US was the dominant team in water jumping. For the men, Greg Louganis won both the board and the tower gold medal and this with a sovereign advantage. The silver medalist on the board, Tan Liangde of the People's Republic of China, was 92.1 points down; that of the tower, Bruce Kimball from the US, scored 67.41 points less than his compatriot. Sylvie Bernier from Canada and Chinese Zhou Jihong won the women's competitionfrom the tower. Behind both could each place two Americans. The first synchronized swimming event featured a solo and a duet competition. In both, gold went to the USA, silver to Canada and bronze to Japan. The American Tracie Ruiz was two-time Olympic champion. Carolyn Waldo , who became double Olympic champion in Seoul, placed behind her in the solo .

In the water polo tournament twelve teams competed. The placings were played out in a group system in which the teams were classified after the preliminary round. The Olympic victory went to the team from Yugoslavia, behind the team from the United States with Terry Schroeder reached silver. Bronze went to the team from the FRG, in which, among others, Frank Otto and Peter Röhle played.


298 men and two women took part in the sailing competitions. The seven boat classes were open to both sexes. For the first time there was the competition in windsurfing , which had been decided on the session in 1980, while the introduction of pure women's disciplines was still waiting. In the Star Class, the German duo won Joachim Griese and michael marcour the silver medal behind the boat from the US and before the Italians. The boat of the American Robert HainesIn the Soling class, after six races, he was unassailable in the lead, so that he did not compete in the last race. The first Olympic champion in windsurfing was the Dutchman Stephan van den Berg , who prevailed ahead of American Scott Steele and New Zealander Bruce Kendall .


There were 65 gymnasts and 71 gymnasts participating in the Olympic competitions. In 1980, the FIG had decided to introduce a minimum age of 15 years for women and 16 years for men. A dominant nation could not be identified, the US, Romania and the People's Republic of China were able to win five gold medals. The team all-men won the US in front of the People's Republic of China and Japan. This victory was not only due to their own strength and home advantage, but also to partisan judges' decisions.  The most successful gymnast was Chinese Li Ning; he won gold on the ground, on the rings and on the pommel horse, silver in the horse jump and in the team all-round as well as bronze in the single all-around. In the women's gymnastics, the Romanian Ecaterina Szabó was the outstanding athlete with gold medals in the team all- around , on the balance beam, on the ground and in the horse jump, as well as silver in the individual all-around.

The all- around rhythmic gymnastics suffered from the absence of the best female athletes. Due to the boycott all medal winners of the 1983 World Cup were absent.  Gold went to the Canadian Lori Fung , behind the Doina Stăiculescu from Romania and Regina Weber from Germany silver and bronze won.

See also: 1984 Summer Olympics / Gymnastics and 1984 Summer Olympics / Rhythmic Gymnastics


In the volleyball tournaments, the two best of the preliminary round groups reached the semi-finals, while the other teams played the places. The men started ten teams. The US team, including Craig Buck and Charles Kiraly , won the gold medal in front of the teams from Brazil and Italy. The women in front of the team from the USA were victorious over Flora Hyman . Bronze won the Japanese team.

Outstanding athletes

The most successful athlete of the 1984 Summer Olympics was the Romanian gymnast Ecaterina Szabó , who won four gold and one silver medal. Behind her was the American athlete Carl Lewis with four gold medals. Most medals were won by gymnast Li Ning of China, who won three gold, two silver and one bronze medal. The youngest competitor was rower Philippe Cuelenaere from Belgium at the age of 12 and 334 days, the eldest being the Spanish gunman Luis del Cerro, aged 60 and 85. The German high jumper Ulrike Meyfarths ucceeded twelve years after their victory in Munich in 1972 again to win the gold medal. She was at the same time the youngest and oldest Olympic champion in this discipline. With the archer Neroli Fairhall from New Zealand, a paraplegic athlete took part in the Olympic Games for the first time.

Most successful athletes of the 1984 Summer Olympics 
athlete team Sports Gold medal.svg Silver medal.svg Bronze medal.svg total
Ecaterina Szabó Rumänien Romania gymnastics 4 1 0 5
Carl Lewis Vereinigte Staaten United States athletics 4 0 0 4
Li Ning Volksrepublik China People's Republic of China  gymnastics 3 2 1 6
Michael Heath Vereinigte Staaten United States swim 3 1 0 4
Nancy Hogshead Vereinigte Staaten United States swim 3 1 0 4


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