2004  Athens Summer Olympics

2004 Summer Olympics - Mascots

2004 Summer Olympics - Mascots

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The two Mascots of the 2004 Olympic Games

Phevos and Athena are brother and sister and the official ATHENS 2004 Mascots. Their creation was inspired by an ancient Greek doll and their names are linked to ancient Greece. And yet the two siblings are children of modern times.

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The names of two Olympian gods: Phevos, name of the Olympian god of light and music, known as Apollo. Athena, goddess of wisdom and patron of the city of Athens.

In this way, Phevos and Athena represent the link between Greek history and the modern Olympic Games.

Phevos and Athena represent the values of Olympism: participation, brotherhood, equality, cooperation, fair play.

Athena and Phevos are two dolls. They remind us of the pleasure of indulging in games; they highlight that the value of participation is higher than that of victory.

At the same time, they are brother and sister, a boy and a girl, symbols of equality and brotherhood around the world. Above all, the two children showcase the everlasting Greek value of human scale and remind us that humanity was, is and will remain at the heart of the Olympic Games.

Together until 2004

Phevos and Athena are two children, simple and joyful, full of vitality and creativity, perhaps mischievous and hence lovable.


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Phevos and Athena see sports like a game, as all children do. In this spirit, they add small flags to Shooting; they find new ways to overcome hurdles; they discover additional uses for their feet in Rowing and Synchronized swimming; Athena teaches Phevos how to dive by pushing him from the spring-board; they enjoy themselves at the Trampoline; they hit their targets in Archery. Their efforts are always marked by team spirit, noble competition and equality.

Through their laughter, their lively presence, their freedom of movement and their will to cooperate and stay united, Phevos and Athena will be with us from now on to express with enthusiasm and optimism our will to be united and to share the joy of the greatest celebration of humanity: the Olympic Games. Together, they are ready to show us the way towards the 2004 Olympic Games.

Athena and Phevos (Greek: Αθηνά, Φοίβος; pronounced [aθiˈna] and [ˈfivos]) were the official mascots of the 2004 Summer Olympics and Proteas (Greek: Πρωτέας) was the official mascot of the 2004 Summer Paralympics, both held in Athens, Greece.

Athena and Phevos are one of the few examples of anthropomorphic mascots in the history of the Olympics. According to the official mascot webpage, "their creation was inspired by an ancient Greek doll and their names are linked to ancient Greece, yet the two siblings are children of modern times - Athena and Phevos represent the link between Greek history and the modern Olympic Games." 

The Athens 2004 Olympic Organizing Committee claimed that the mascots represented "participation, brotherhood, equality, cooperation, fair play [and] the everlasting Greek value of human scale."

The mascots have been emblazoned on a variety of items for sale, including pins, clothing and other memorabilia.

The mascots were based on this archaic terracotta daidala at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens.


The mascots were named after the Greek gods Athena and Apollo, Phevos being a transcription of the modern Greek pronunciation of Phoebus, an epithet of Apollo. They were loosely modeled after an archaic Greek terra cotta daidala from the 7th century BC, which was recommended by curators at the National Archaeological Museum.


Prior to the Games, a group affiliated with the Societas Hellenica Antiquariorum called the Greek Society of the Friends of the Ancients and a Hellenic polytheistic group called the Committee for the Greek Religion Dodecatheon, devoted to the preservation of ancient Greek culture, sued over the mascots, claiming that they "savagely insult" Classical Greek culture. In a BBC Radio interview on June 26, 2004, Dr. Pan. Marinis President of the Societas Hellenica Antiquariorum said that the mascots:

"mock the spiritual values of the Hellenic Civilization by degrading these same holy personalities that were revered during the ancient Olympic Games. For these reasons we have proceeded to legal action demanding the punishment of those responsible."

The fact that the organizing committee referred to the daidala as dolls has been the cause of some controversy among scholars of Ancient Greek culture, as the daidala were religious artifacts


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